Abstract

We experimentally characterize the two-photon response of a GaAsP photodiode by use of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser tuned below the diode bandgap. The photodiode is shown to be highly suitable for real-time second-order autocorrelation measurements of pulses as short as 6  fs in duration and with energies as small as a few picojoules.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, in Ultrashort Light Pulses, S. L. Shapiro, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), pp. 89–92.
  2. J. C. Diels, J. J. Fontaine, I. C. McMichael, and F. Simoni, Appl. Opt. 24, 1270 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Schulz, H. Schuler, T. Engers, and D. Von Der Linde, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. Pshenichnikov, and D. Wiersma, Opt. Lett. 22, 102 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipocs, K. Frencz, S. Sartania, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. Pshenichnikov, and D. Wiersma, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs lasers,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).
  7. A. M. Weiner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1276 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, and K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. B. Carlin and W. R. Bennett, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5124 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Takagi, T. Kobayashi, K. Yoshihara, and S. Imamura, Opt. Lett. 17, 658 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. F. R. Laughton, J. H. Marsh, D. A. Barrow, and E. L. Portnoi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 838 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. T. Reid, M. Padgett, C. McGowan, W. E. Sleat, and W. Sibbett, Opt. Lett. 22, 233 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. W. Rudolph, M. Sheik Bahae, A. Bernstein, and L. F. Lester, Opt. Lett. 22, 313 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. The diode without the resin coating is available from Hamamatsu upon request.
  15. V. Wong and I. A. Walmsley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 944 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Peatross and A. Rundquist, “Temporal decorrelation of short laser pulses,” submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.

1997 (5)

1994 (1)

F. R. Laughton, J. H. Marsh, D. A. Barrow, and E. L. Portnoi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 838 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1989 (1)

H. Schulz, H. Schuler, T. Engers, and D. Von Der Linde, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1983 (1)

A. M. Weiner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1276 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

D. B. Carlin and W. R. Bennett, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5124 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, and K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Baltuska, A.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. Pshenichnikov, and D. Wiersma, Opt. Lett. 22, 102 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. Pshenichnikov, and D. Wiersma, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs lasers,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Barrow, D. A.

F. R. Laughton, J. H. Marsh, D. A. Barrow, and E. L. Portnoi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 838 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, W. R.

D. B. Carlin and W. R. Bennett, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5124 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bernstein, A.

Carlin, D. B.

D. B. Carlin and W. R. Bennett, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5124 (1978).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

Diels, J. C.

Engers, T.

H. Schulz, H. Schuler, T. Engers, and D. Von Der Linde, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, J. J.

Frencz, K.

Giordmaine, J. A.

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, and K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Imamura, S.

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, in Ultrashort Light Pulses, S. L. Shapiro, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), pp. 89–92.

Kobayashi, T.

Krausz, F.

Laughton, F. R.

F. R. Laughton, J. H. Marsh, D. A. Barrow, and E. L. Portnoi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 838 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lester, L. F.

Marsh, J. H.

F. R. Laughton, J. H. Marsh, D. A. Barrow, and E. L. Portnoi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 838 (1994).
[CrossRef]

McGowan, C.

McMichael, I. C.

Nisoli, M.

Padgett, M.

Peatross, J.

J. Peatross and A. Rundquist, “Temporal decorrelation of short laser pulses,” submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.

Portnoi, E. L.

F. R. Laughton, J. H. Marsh, D. A. Barrow, and E. L. Portnoi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 838 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pshenichnikov, M.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. Pshenichnikov, and D. Wiersma, Opt. Lett. 22, 102 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. Pshenichnikov, and D. Wiersma, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs lasers,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Reid, D. T.

Rentzepis, P. M.

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, and K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Rudolph, W.

Rundquist, A.

J. Peatross and A. Rundquist, “Temporal decorrelation of short laser pulses,” submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.

Sartania, S.

Schuler, H.

H. Schulz, H. Schuler, T. Engers, and D. Von Der Linde, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, H.

H. Schulz, H. Schuler, T. Engers, and D. Von Der Linde, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, in Ultrashort Light Pulses, S. L. Shapiro, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), pp. 89–92.

Shapiro, S. L.

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, and K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Sheik Bahae, M.

Sibbett, W.

Simoni, F.

Sleat, W. E.

Spielmann, Ch.

Svelto, O.

Szipocs, R.

Takagi, Y.

Von Der Linde, D.

H. Schulz, H. Schuler, T. Engers, and D. Von Der Linde, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

Wecht, K. W.

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, and K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. Pshenichnikov, and D. Wiersma, Opt. Lett. 22, 102 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. Pshenichnikov, and D. Wiersma, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs lasers,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1276 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. Pshenichnikov, and D. Wiersma, Opt. Lett. 22, 102 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. Pshenichnikov, and D. Wiersma, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs lasers,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Wong, V.

Yoshihara, K.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, and K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

A. M. Weiner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1276 (1983).
[CrossRef]

H. Schulz, H. Schuler, T. Engers, and D. Von Der Linde, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580 (1989).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Laughton, J. H. Marsh, D. A. Barrow, and E. L. Portnoi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 838 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. B. Carlin and W. R. Bennett, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5124 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (4)

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. Pshenichnikov, and D. Wiersma, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs lasers,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, in Ultrashort Light Pulses, S. L. Shapiro, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), pp. 89–92.

The diode without the resin coating is available from Hamamatsu upon request.

J. Peatross and A. Rundquist, “Temporal decorrelation of short laser pulses,” submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Observed diode current as a function of average incident power for an 80-MHz train of 100-fs pulses from a Ti:sapphire laser tuned to 800  nm and focused to 80 µm (circles) and 25 µm (squares) and for a cw laser tuned to 800  nm and focused to 80 µm (triangles). The dotted curves represent the respective quadratic and linear fits to the data.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Peak diode current as a function of incident pulse energy for a 1-kHz train of 100-fs pulses produced by a Ti:sapphire regenerative laser amplifier. The circles (squares) are for a spot size of 850 µm 200 µm at the diode. The dotted lines represent the quadratic fits to the data.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Peak diode current as a function of pulse duration for a 1-kHz train of 400-nJ pulses focused to 850 µm (circles). The dotted line represents a τ-1 fit to the data.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral dependence of the generated two-photon current for a GaAsP photodiode measured with an 80-MHz train of 100-fs pulses (circles). The calculated spectral response of a 100-µm BBO crystal is shown by the curve.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Interferometric autocorrelation measurement of a 6-fs pulse with a GaAsP photodiode (circles) and a 15-µm BBO crystal (curve).

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