Abstract

A compact source of stable cw single-frequency radiation at 473  nm has been realized by second-harmonic generation of a diode-pumped miniature Nd:YAG ring laser operating on the F43/2I49/2 laser transition. By use of potassium niobate (KNbO3), single-longitudinal-mode output powers of 500  mW cw with high stability and maximum optical-to-optical conversion efficiencies >81% are achieved. An external semimonolithic cavity permits mode-hop-free frequency tuning of blue radiation over as much as 20  GHz.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, Y. Sugimoto, and H. Kiyoku, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1477 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G.-L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Schneider, S. Schiller, J. Mlynek, M. Bode, and I. Freitag, Opt. Lett. 21, 1999 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 12, 809 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. Hollemann, E. Peik, and H. Walther, Opt. Lett. 19, 192 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. I. Freitag, R. Henking, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Lett. 20, 2499 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Zysset, I. Biaggio, and P. Günter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 380 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. I. Biaggio, P. Kerkoc, L.-S. Wu, P. Günter, and B. Zysset, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 507 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Wyncke and F. Bréhat, J. Phys. B 22, 363 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. D. Drummond, K. J. McNeil, and D. F. Walls, Opt. Acta 27, 321 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Mabuchi, E. S. Polzik, and H. J. Kimble, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2023 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, Opt. Lett. 16, 1400 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. I. Freitag, R. Henking, F. v. Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 386–390.

1996

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, Y. Sugimoto, and H. Kiyoku, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1477 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Schneider, S. Schiller, J. Mlynek, M. Bode, and I. Freitag, Opt. Lett. 21, 1999 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

I. Freitag, R. Henking, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Lett. 20, 2499 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

1992

1991

1990

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G.-L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

B. Wyncke and F. Bréhat, J. Phys. B 22, 363 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987

1983

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1980

P. D. Drummond, K. J. McNeil, and D. F. Walls, Opt. Acta 27, 321 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1968

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Alvensleben, F. v.

I. Freitag, R. Henking, F. v. Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 386–390.

Biaggio, I.

Bode, M.

Bona, G.-L.

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G.-L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bréhat, F.

B. Wyncke and F. Bréhat, J. Phys. B 22, 363 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Drummond, P. D.

P. D. Drummond, K. J. McNeil, and D. F. Walls, Opt. Acta 27, 321 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Freitag, I.

K. Schneider, S. Schiller, J. Mlynek, M. Bode, and I. Freitag, Opt. Lett. 21, 1999 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Freitag, R. Henking, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Lett. 20, 2499 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. Freitag, R. Henking, F. v. Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 386–390.

Günter, P.

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hemmerich, A.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Henking, R.

I. Freitag, R. Henking, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Lett. 20, 2499 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. Freitag, R. Henking, F. v. Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 386–390.

Hollemann, G.

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Iwasa, N.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, Y. Sugimoto, and H. Kiyoku, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1477 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kerkoc, P.

Kimble, H. J.

Kiyoku, H.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, Y. Sugimoto, and H. Kiyoku, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1477 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G.-L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Latta, E. E.

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G.-L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lenth, W.

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G.-L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mabuchi, H.

Matsushita, T.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, Y. Sugimoto, and H. Kiyoku, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1477 (1996).
[CrossRef]

McNeil, K. J.

P. D. Drummond, K. J. McNeil, and D. F. Walls, Opt. Acta 27, 321 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Mlynek, J.

Moser, A.

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G.-L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nagahama, S.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, Y. Sugimoto, and H. Kiyoku, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1477 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, S.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, Y. Sugimoto, and H. Kiyoku, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1477 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Peik, E.

Polzik, E. S.

Schiller, S.

Schneider, K.

Senoh, M.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, Y. Sugimoto, and H. Kiyoku, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1477 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, Y.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, Y. Sugimoto, and H. Kiyoku, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1477 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

I. Freitag, R. Henking, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Lett. 20, 2499 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. Freitag, R. Henking, F. v. Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 386–390.

Vuletic, V.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Walls, D. F.

P. D. Drummond, K. J. McNeil, and D. F. Walls, Opt. Acta 27, 321 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Walther, H.

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Welling, H.

Wu, L.-S.

Wyncke, B.

B. Wyncke and F. Bréhat, J. Phys. B 22, 363 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, T.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, Y. Sugimoto, and H. Kiyoku, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1477 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, C.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zysset, B.

Appl. Phys. B

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Matsushita, Y. Sugimoto, and H. Kiyoku, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1477 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G.-L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. B

B. Wyncke and F. Bréhat, J. Phys. B 22, 363 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Acta

P. D. Drummond, K. J. McNeil, and D. F. Walls, Opt. Acta 27, 321 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

I. Freitag, R. Henking, F. v. Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 386–390.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental configuration (not to scale). The complete laser system covers a total area of 0.25 m2 on an optical table. HR, high reflection; HT, high transmission.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Generated second-harmonic power as a function of the mode-matched fundamental power. The filled circles represent the measured single-frequency output power, and we obtain the open squares by correcting the data for the transmission losses at the dicroic beam splitter and a focusing lens. The solid curve is calculated from theory.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Conversion efficiency as a function of the mode-matched fundamental power. The filled circles are calculated with the measured harmonic output power, and we obtain the open squares by correcting the data for the transmission losses as in Fig.  2 to characterize the crystal quality. The solid curve is calculated from theory.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity-noise measurement for frequencies of as much as 5  MHz. Curve  (a), fundamental light at 946  nm; curve  (b) second-harmonic light at 473  nm. Both measurements were performed with the same photocurrent through the detector.

Metrics