Abstract

We observed cw third-harmonic generation in a periodically poled LiNbO3 crystal by cascading optimally phase-matched second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation. Other processes, such as fourth-harmonic generation, are allowed by the flexibility of quasi-phase matching. We demonstrate a divide-by-nine (1.19–10.71-µm) frequency chain that uses only two lasers.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A detailed list of references is given in Ref.  2.
  2. O. Pfister, M. Mürtz, J. S. Wells, L. Hollberg, and J. T. Murray, Opt. Lett. 21, 1387 (1996), and references therein.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  5. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995), and references therein.
    [Crossref]
  6. For cascading three-wave mixings, see E. Yablonovitch, C. Flytzanis, and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 865 (1972); R. DeSalvo, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. Stegeman, and E. Van Stryland, Opt. Lett. 17, 28 (1992). Optimally phase-matched cascading three-wave mixings in nonresonant crystals (as here) is new: M. Asobe, I. Yokohama, H. Itoh, and T. Kaino, Opt. Lett. 22, 274 (1997)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. We are grateful to one of the referees for pointing out the existence of hybrid QPM–BPM coincidences in a crystal whose length is partially poled.
  8. M. V. Hobden and J. Warner, Phys. Lett. 22, 243 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  9. G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  10. P. K. Gallagher, H. M. O'Bryan, E. M. Gyorgy, and J. T. Krause, Ferroelectrics 75, 71 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  11. E. Bachem, A. Dax, T. Fink, A. Weidenfeller, M. Schneider, and W. Urban, Appl. Phys. B 57, 185 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Dax, J. S. Wells, L. Hollberg, A. G. Maki, and W. Urban, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 168, 416 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  13. K. M. Evenson, M. Inguscio, and D. A. Jennings, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 956 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  14. V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1913 (1995); O. Acef, Opt. Commun. 134, 479 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. Ye, L. S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 178 (1997).
    [Crossref]

1997 (1)

J. Ye, L. S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 178 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995), and references therein.
[Crossref]

V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1913 (1995); O. Acef, Opt. Commun. 134, 479 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

A. Dax, J. S. Wells, L. Hollberg, A. G. Maki, and W. Urban, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 168, 416 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

E. Bachem, A. Dax, T. Fink, A. Weidenfeller, M. Schneider, and W. Urban, Appl. Phys. B 57, 185 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

P. K. Gallagher, H. M. O'Bryan, E. M. Gyorgy, and J. T. Krause, Ferroelectrics 75, 71 (1987).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

K. M. Evenson, M. Inguscio, and D. A. Jennings, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 956 (1985).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

For cascading three-wave mixings, see E. Yablonovitch, C. Flytzanis, and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 865 (1972); R. DeSalvo, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. Stegeman, and E. Van Stryland, Opt. Lett. 17, 28 (1992). Optimally phase-matched cascading three-wave mixings in nonresonant crystals (as here) is new: M. Asobe, I. Yokohama, H. Itoh, and T. Kaino, Opt. Lett. 22, 274 (1997)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1966 (1)

M. V. Hobden and J. Warner, Phys. Lett. 22, 243 (1966).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[Crossref]

Amy-Klein, A.

V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1913 (1995); O. Acef, Opt. Commun. 134, 479 (1997).
[Crossref]

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[Crossref]

Bachem, E.

E. Bachem, A. Dax, T. Fink, A. Weidenfeller, M. Schneider, and W. Urban, Appl. Phys. B 57, 185 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bernard, V.

V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1913 (1995); O. Acef, Opt. Commun. 134, 479 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bloembergen, N.

For cascading three-wave mixings, see E. Yablonovitch, C. Flytzanis, and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 865 (1972); R. DeSalvo, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. Stegeman, and E. Van Stryland, Opt. Lett. 17, 28 (1992). Optimally phase-matched cascading three-wave mixings in nonresonant crystals (as here) is new: M. Asobe, I. Yokohama, H. Itoh, and T. Kaino, Opt. Lett. 22, 274 (1997)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[Crossref]

Bosenberg, W. R.

Byer, R. L.

Chardonnet, Ch.

V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1913 (1995); O. Acef, Opt. Commun. 134, 479 (1997).
[Crossref]

Dax, A.

A. Dax, J. S. Wells, L. Hollberg, A. G. Maki, and W. Urban, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 168, 416 (1994).
[Crossref]

E. Bachem, A. Dax, T. Fink, A. Weidenfeller, M. Schneider, and W. Urban, Appl. Phys. B 57, 185 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[Crossref]

Durand, P. E.

V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1913 (1995); O. Acef, Opt. Commun. 134, 479 (1997).
[Crossref]

Eckardt, R. C.

Edwards, G. J.

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[Crossref]

Evenson, K. M.

K. M. Evenson, M. Inguscio, and D. A. Jennings, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 956 (1985).
[Crossref]

Fejer, M. M.

Fink, T.

E. Bachem, A. Dax, T. Fink, A. Weidenfeller, M. Schneider, and W. Urban, Appl. Phys. B 57, 185 (1993).
[Crossref]

Flytzanis, C.

For cascading three-wave mixings, see E. Yablonovitch, C. Flytzanis, and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 865 (1972); R. DeSalvo, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. Stegeman, and E. Van Stryland, Opt. Lett. 17, 28 (1992). Optimally phase-matched cascading three-wave mixings in nonresonant crystals (as here) is new: M. Asobe, I. Yokohama, H. Itoh, and T. Kaino, Opt. Lett. 22, 274 (1997)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gallagher, P. K.

P. K. Gallagher, H. M. O'Bryan, E. M. Gyorgy, and J. T. Krause, Ferroelectrics 75, 71 (1987).
[Crossref]

George, T.

V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1913 (1995); O. Acef, Opt. Commun. 134, 479 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gyorgy, E. M.

P. K. Gallagher, H. M. O'Bryan, E. M. Gyorgy, and J. T. Krause, Ferroelectrics 75, 71 (1987).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. L.

J. Ye, L. S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 178 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hobden, M. V.

M. V. Hobden and J. Warner, Phys. Lett. 22, 243 (1966).
[Crossref]

Hollberg, L.

Inguscio, M.

K. M. Evenson, M. Inguscio, and D. A. Jennings, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 956 (1985).
[Crossref]

Jennings, D. A.

K. M. Evenson, M. Inguscio, and D. A. Jennings, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 956 (1985).
[Crossref]

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[Crossref]

Krause, J. T.

P. K. Gallagher, H. M. O'Bryan, E. M. Gyorgy, and J. T. Krause, Ferroelectrics 75, 71 (1987).
[Crossref]

Lawrence, M.

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[Crossref]

Ma, L. S.

J. Ye, L. S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 178 (1997).
[Crossref]

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[Crossref]

Maki, A. G.

A. Dax, J. S. Wells, L. Hollberg, A. G. Maki, and W. Urban, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 168, 416 (1994).
[Crossref]

Murray, J. T.

Mürtz, M.

Myers, L. E.

Nicolaisen, H. W.

V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1913 (1995); O. Acef, Opt. Commun. 134, 479 (1997).
[Crossref]

O'Bryan, H. M.

P. K. Gallagher, H. M. O'Bryan, E. M. Gyorgy, and J. T. Krause, Ferroelectrics 75, 71 (1987).
[Crossref]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[Crossref]

Pfister, O.

Pierce, J. W.

Schneider, M.

E. Bachem, A. Dax, T. Fink, A. Weidenfeller, M. Schneider, and W. Urban, Appl. Phys. B 57, 185 (1993).
[Crossref]

Urban, W.

A. Dax, J. S. Wells, L. Hollberg, A. G. Maki, and W. Urban, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 168, 416 (1994).
[Crossref]

E. Bachem, A. Dax, T. Fink, A. Weidenfeller, M. Schneider, and W. Urban, Appl. Phys. B 57, 185 (1993).
[Crossref]

Warner, J.

M. V. Hobden and J. Warner, Phys. Lett. 22, 243 (1966).
[Crossref]

Weidenfeller, A.

E. Bachem, A. Dax, T. Fink, A. Weidenfeller, M. Schneider, and W. Urban, Appl. Phys. B 57, 185 (1993).
[Crossref]

Wells, J. S.

Yablonovitch, E.

For cascading three-wave mixings, see E. Yablonovitch, C. Flytzanis, and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 865 (1972); R. DeSalvo, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. Stegeman, and E. Van Stryland, Opt. Lett. 17, 28 (1992). Optimally phase-matched cascading three-wave mixings in nonresonant crystals (as here) is new: M. Asobe, I. Yokohama, H. Itoh, and T. Kaino, Opt. Lett. 22, 274 (1997)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, J.

J. Ye, L. S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 178 (1997).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

E. Bachem, A. Dax, T. Fink, A. Weidenfeller, M. Schneider, and W. Urban, Appl. Phys. B 57, 185 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ferroelectrics (1)

P. K. Gallagher, H. M. O'Bryan, E. M. Gyorgy, and J. T. Krause, Ferroelectrics 75, 71 (1987).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1913 (1995); O. Acef, Opt. Commun. 134, 479 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

J. Ye, L. S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 178 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. M. Evenson, M. Inguscio, and D. A. Jennings, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 956 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

A. Dax, J. S. Wells, L. Hollberg, A. G. Maki, and W. Urban, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 168, 416 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[Crossref]

Phys. Lett. (1)

M. V. Hobden and J. Warner, Phys. Lett. 22, 243 (1966).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

For cascading three-wave mixings, see E. Yablonovitch, C. Flytzanis, and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 865 (1972); R. DeSalvo, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. Stegeman, and E. Van Stryland, Opt. Lett. 17, 28 (1992). Optimally phase-matched cascading three-wave mixings in nonresonant crystals (as here) is new: M. Asobe, I. Yokohama, H. Itoh, and T. Kaino, Opt. Lett. 22, 274 (1997)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

We are grateful to one of the referees for pointing out the existence of hybrid QPM–BPM coincidences in a crystal whose length is partially poled.

A detailed list of references is given in Ref.  2.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

QPM curves for THG in PP LN: The optimal poling period Λ is calculated versus the input wavelength λ for SHG and SFG and several polarizations. These curves are based on the Sellmeier coefficients8 that gave predictions closest to our experimental results at room temperature. Arrows point to the THG coincidences. As in the tables, polarizations o, e are given for ωω2ω and ω2ω3ω.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

THG power, at 133 °C, for several CO overtone frequencies. The width of the signals is the resolution of the optical analyzer, fixed by the fiber's diameter (input slit).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

MIM-diode voltage of beat note fCO-3fCO2. Vertical linear scale. Center frequency, 796  MHz; scan, 10  MHz; resolution and video bandwidths, 100 and 30  kHz, respectively.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 THG and FHG Coincidences in PP LNa

Tables Icon

Table 2 THG and FHG Coincidences in PP KTP and PP RTAa

Metrics