Abstract

We report on the optical storage of digital data in a semiconductor sample containing DX centers. The diffraction efficiency and the bit-error-rate performance of multiplexed data images are shown to agree well with a simple model of the material. Uniform storage without an exposure schedule is demonstrated. The volume sensitivity is found to be 103 times that of LiNBO 3:Fe. The importance of coherent addition of scattered light with diffracted light in holographic data storage is discussed.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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1996 (2)

1995 (3)

R. L. MacDonald, R. A. Linke, G. E. Devlin, and M. Mizuta, Opt. Lett. 20, 1322 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Ryskin, A. S. Shecheulin, B. Koziarska, J. M. Langer, A. Suchocki, I. I. Buczinskaya, P. P. Fedorov, and B. P. Sobolev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 31 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Psaltis and F. Mok, Sci. Am. 273(5), 70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

1993 (2)

L. Hesselink and M. Bashaw, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 611 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Mok, Opt. Lett. 18, 915 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1979 (2)

C. Chen, D. Kim, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 321 (1979).
[CrossRef]

K. Bløtekjaer, Appl. Opt. 18, 57 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

Bashaw, M.

L. Hesselink and M. Bashaw, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 611 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Becla, P.

Bløtekjaer, K.

Buczinskaya, I. I.

A. I. Ryskin, A. S. Shecheulin, B. Koziarska, J. M. Langer, A. Suchocki, I. I. Buczinskaya, P. P. Fedorov, and B. P. Sobolev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 31 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Burr, G. W.

Chadi, J. D.

Chen, C.

C. Chen, D. Kim, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 321 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Curtis, K.

Devlin, G. E.

Fedorov, P. P.

A. I. Ryskin, A. S. Shecheulin, B. Koziarska, J. M. Langer, A. Suchocki, I. I. Buczinskaya, P. P. Fedorov, and B. P. Sobolev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 31 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hesselink, L.

L. Hesselink and M. Bashaw, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 611 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.

C. Chen, D. Kim, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 321 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Koziarska, B.

A. I. Ryskin, A. S. Shecheulin, B. Koziarska, J. M. Langer, A. Suchocki, I. I. Buczinskaya, P. P. Fedorov, and B. P. Sobolev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 31 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Langer, J. M.

A. I. Ryskin, A. S. Shecheulin, B. Koziarska, J. M. Langer, A. Suchocki, I. I. Buczinskaya, P. P. Fedorov, and B. P. Sobolev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 31 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

MacDonald, R. L.

Mizuta, M.

Mok, F.

D. Psaltis and F. Mok, Sci. Am. 273(5), 70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Mok, Opt. Lett. 18, 915 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mok, F. H.

Nolte, D. D.

D. D. Nolte, J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7514 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

Pu, A.

Ryskin, A. I.

A. I. Ryskin, A. S. Shecheulin, B. Koziarska, J. M. Langer, A. Suchocki, I. I. Buczinskaya, P. P. Fedorov, and B. P. Sobolev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 31 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Saleh, B. E.

B. E. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991), p. 905.

Shecheulin, A. S.

A. I. Ryskin, A. S. Shecheulin, B. Koziarska, J. M. Langer, A. Suchocki, I. I. Buczinskaya, P. P. Fedorov, and B. P. Sobolev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 31 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sobolev, B. P.

A. I. Ryskin, A. S. Shecheulin, B. Koziarska, J. M. Langer, A. Suchocki, I. I. Buczinskaya, P. P. Fedorov, and B. P. Sobolev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 31 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Suchocki, A.

A. I. Ryskin, A. S. Shecheulin, B. Koziarska, J. M. Langer, A. Suchocki, I. I. Buczinskaya, P. P. Fedorov, and B. P. Sobolev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 31 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Teich, M. C.

B. E. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991), p. 905.

Thio, T.

Van Heerden, P. J.

von der Linde, D.

C. Chen, D. Kim, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 321 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

C. Chen, D. Kim, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 321 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Linke, T. Thio, J. D. Chadi, and G. E. Devlin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 16 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Ryskin, A. S. Shecheulin, B. Koziarska, J. M. Langer, A. Suchocki, I. I. Buczinskaya, P. P. Fedorov, and B. P. Sobolev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 31 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. D. Nolte, J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7514 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Hesselink and M. Bashaw, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 611 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Am. (1)

D. Psaltis and F. Mok, Sci. Am. 273(5), 70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

B. E. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991), p. 905.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical setup for holographic recording and reading by peristrophic multiplexing.3 FT, Fourier transform.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction efficiency hologram number for 100-hologram exposure in an AlGaAs:Te sample. All exposure values were 26 µJ/cm2; i.e., no exposure schedule was used.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Frequency of occurrence of pixel values plotted versus pixel values in arbitrary units for a strong hologram (1  mJ/cm2). The projected BER derived from these data is 10-21.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Theoretical BER's for coherent (solid curves) and incoherent (dashed curves) addition of scattered light. Measurements (circles) agree reasonably well with the coherent addition model for the observed scattering level of 10-6.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Peak Diffraction Efficiency of Multiplexed Holograms

Equations (5)

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ηt=sinπΔntλcos θi cos θo1/22,
SNR=μ1-μ02σ12+σ02,
BER12erfcQ2,
Q=μ1-μ0σ1+σ0.
Q=η2ηs2+2η2σ021/2+ηηs+2ησ121/2.

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