Abstract

Room-temperature laser action from Cr2+-doped Cd0.85Mn0.15Te has been demonstrated for what is believed to be the first time. We achieved pulsed laser operation centered at 2.5 µm by pumping into the mid-infrared absorption band of Cr 2+ ions by use of the 1.907-µm output of a H2 Raman-shifted Nd:YAG laser. The output of the free-running Cr2+:Cd0.85 Mn0.15Te laser had a width of 50  nm (FWHM), and the slope efficiency was calculated to be 5.5% under nonoptimum conditions.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. F. Moulton, Proc. IEEE 80, 348 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. J. Duarte, Tunable Laser Handbook (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).
  3. L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. Petricevic, S. K. Gayen, and R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2590 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, U. Pohlmann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol.  15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 334.
  7. B. Henderson and G. F. Imbusch, Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Clarendon, Oxford, 1989), p. 174.
  8. M. Averous and M. Balkanski, Semimagnetic Semiconductors and Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors (Plenum, New York, 1991), p. 23.
  9. V. R. Davis, X. Wu, U. Hömmerich, K. Grasza, S. B. Trivedi, and Z. Yu, “Optical properties of Cr2+ ions in Cd0.85Mn0.15Te,” J. Lumin. (to be published).
  10. J. T. Vallin, G. A. Slack, S. Roberts, and A. E. Hughes, Phys. Rev. B 2, 4313 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. Henderson and G. F. Imbusch, Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Claredon, Oxford, 1989), pp. 157–158.
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    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Godlewski and J. M. Baranowski, Phys. Status Solidi B 97, 281 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

P. F. Moulton, Proc. IEEE 80, 348 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

V. Petricevic, S. K. Gayen, and R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

M. Godlewski and J. M. Baranowski, Phys. Status Solidi B 97, 281 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

K. Zanio, J. Electron. Mater. 3, 327 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

J. T. Vallin, G. A. Slack, S. Roberts, and A. E. Hughes, Phys. Rev. B 2, 4313 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

V. Petricevic, S. K. Gayen, and R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Averous, M.

M. Averous and M. Balkanski, Semimagnetic Semiconductors and Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors (Plenum, New York, 1991), p. 23.

Balkanski, M.

M. Averous and M. Balkanski, Semimagnetic Semiconductors and Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors (Plenum, New York, 1991), p. 23.

Baranowski, J. M.

M. Godlewski and J. M. Baranowski, Phys. Status Solidi B 97, 281 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Burger, A.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K.-T.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Davis, V. R.

V. R. Davis, X. Wu, U. Hömmerich, K. Grasza, S. B. Trivedi, and Z. Yu, “Optical properties of Cr2+ ions in Cd0.85Mn0.15Te,” J. Lumin. (to be published).

DeLoach, L. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Duarte, F. J.

F. J. Duarte, Tunable Laser Handbook (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

Gayen, S. K.

V. Petricevic, S. K. Gayen, and R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Godlewski, M.

M. Godlewski and J. M. Baranowski, Phys. Status Solidi B 97, 281 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Grasza, K.

V. R. Davis, X. Wu, U. Hömmerich, K. Grasza, S. B. Trivedi, and Z. Yu, “Optical properties of Cr2+ ions in Cd0.85Mn0.15Te,” J. Lumin. (to be published).

Henderson, B.

B. Henderson and G. F. Imbusch, Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Clarendon, Oxford, 1989), p. 174.

B. Henderson and G. F. Imbusch, Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Claredon, Oxford, 1989), pp. 157–158.

Hömmerich, U.

V. R. Davis, X. Wu, U. Hömmerich, K. Grasza, S. B. Trivedi, and Z. Yu, “Optical properties of Cr2+ ions in Cd0.85Mn0.15Te,” J. Lumin. (to be published).

Huber, G.

S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, U. Pohlmann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol.  15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 334.

Hughes, A. E.

J. T. Vallin, G. A. Slack, S. Roberts, and A. E. Hughes, Phys. Rev. B 2, 4313 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Imbusch, G. F.

B. Henderson and G. F. Imbusch, Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Claredon, Oxford, 1989), pp. 157–158.

B. Henderson and G. F. Imbusch, Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Clarendon, Oxford, 1989), p. 174.

Koetke, J.

S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, U. Pohlmann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol.  15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 334.

Krupke, W. F.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kück, S.

S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, U. Pohlmann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol.  15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 334.

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, Proc. IEEE 80, 348 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Page, R. H.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Patel, F. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, U. Pohlmann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol.  15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 334.

Petricevic, V.

V. Petricevic, S. K. Gayen, and R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pohlmann, U.

S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, U. Pohlmann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol.  15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 334.

Roberts, S.

J. T. Vallin, G. A. Slack, S. Roberts, and A. E. Hughes, Phys. Rev. B 2, 4313 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Schaffers, K. I.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Slack, G. A.

J. T. Vallin, G. A. Slack, S. Roberts, and A. E. Hughes, Phys. Rev. B 2, 4313 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Tassano, J. B.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Trivedi, S. B.

V. R. Davis, X. Wu, U. Hömmerich, K. Grasza, S. B. Trivedi, and Z. Yu, “Optical properties of Cr2+ ions in Cd0.85Mn0.15Te,” J. Lumin. (to be published).

Vallin, J. T.

J. T. Vallin, G. A. Slack, S. Roberts, and A. E. Hughes, Phys. Rev. B 2, 4313 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Wilke, G. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

V. R. Davis, X. Wu, U. Hömmerich, K. Grasza, S. B. Trivedi, and Z. Yu, “Optical properties of Cr2+ ions in Cd0.85Mn0.15Te,” J. Lumin. (to be published).

Yu, Z.

V. R. Davis, X. Wu, U. Hömmerich, K. Grasza, S. B. Trivedi, and Z. Yu, “Optical properties of Cr2+ ions in Cd0.85Mn0.15Te,” J. Lumin. (to be published).

Zanio, K.

K. Zanio, J. Electron. Mater. 3, 327 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

V. Petricevic, S. K. Gayen, and R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2590 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Electron. Mater. (1)

K. Zanio, J. Electron. Mater. 3, 327 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. T. Vallin, G. A. Slack, S. Roberts, and A. E. Hughes, Phys. Rev. B 2, 4313 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi B (1)

M. Godlewski and J. M. Baranowski, Phys. Status Solidi B 97, 281 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

P. F. Moulton, Proc. IEEE 80, 348 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

F. J. Duarte, Tunable Laser Handbook (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, U. Pohlmann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol.  15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 334.

B. Henderson and G. F. Imbusch, Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Clarendon, Oxford, 1989), p. 174.

M. Averous and M. Balkanski, Semimagnetic Semiconductors and Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors (Plenum, New York, 1991), p. 23.

V. R. Davis, X. Wu, U. Hömmerich, K. Grasza, S. B. Trivedi, and Z. Yu, “Optical properties of Cr2+ ions in Cd0.85Mn0.15Te,” J. Lumin. (to be published).

B. Henderson and G. F. Imbusch, Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Claredon, Oxford, 1989), pp. 157–158.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Mid-infrared absorption and emission spectra of Cr2+:Cd0.85Mn0.15Te at room temperature. The inset shows the relevant energy levels of tetrahedrally coordinated Cr2+ ions (3 d4 electronic configuration).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for investigating the laser performance of Cr2+:Cd0.85Mn0.15Te: BS's, beam splitters; HR, high reflector; OC, output coupler.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Free-running spectrum of the Cr 2+:Cd0.85Mn0.15Te laser at room temperature. The laser activity was centered at 2515  nm with a bandwidth of 50  nm (FWHM). The mirror transmission spectra of the high reflector (HR) and the output coupler (OC) are shown as dotted curves.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cr2+:Cd0.85Mn0.15Te laser output versus absorbed pump energy. The slope efficiency was calculated to be 5.5%.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temporal profile of the Cr 2+:Cd0.85Mn0.15Te laser. The pulse width of the pump laser was 7  ns. The width of the Cr2+ laser varied depending on the pump energy from 20  ns at threshold to 10  ns at 2.5  mJ above threshold. The time delay between the pump pulse and the Cr2+ laser pulse shortened from 50  ns at threshold to 10  ns at 2.5  mJ above threshold.

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