Abstract

Sum-frequency generation utilizing two cw single-mode Nd:YAG lasers and a congruent lithium niobate crystal yielded 3.4  mW of very narrow-band (10  kHz over 1  ms) tunable 589-nm cw radiation. This simple solid-state light source is well suited for high-resolution spectroscopy of the sodium D2 line, as was demonstrated with both conventional and FM-modulated saturation spectroscopy.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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1995 (2)

1994 (2)

P. H. Chiu, A. Magana, and J. Davis, Opt. Lett. 19, 2116 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. She and J. R. Yu, Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1771 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1980 (2)

1976 (1)

M. M. Choy and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. B 14, 1693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

C. G. Bethea, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 254 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

T. W. Hänsch, I. S. Shahin, and A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 707 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez, R. J.

C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bethea, C. G.

C. G. Bethea, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 254 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Bills, R. E.

C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bjorklund, G. C.

Bordui, P. F.

P. F. Bordui, Crystal Technology, Inc., Palo Alto, Calif., 94303 (personal communication, 1994).

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Brailove, A. A.

Byer, R. L.

T. J. Kane and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 10, 65 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Choy and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. B 14, 1693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, P. H.

Choy, M. M.

M. M. Choy and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. B 14, 1693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Dao, P. D.

Davis, J.

Edwards, G. J.

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Falk, J.

Farley, R. W.

Gardner, C. S.

C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Guha, S.

Hänsch, T. W.

T. W. Hänsch, I. S. Shahin, and A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 707 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Jeys, T. H.

Kane, T. J.

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Latifi, H.

C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lawrence, M.

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Magana, A.

Mooradian, A.

Sakurai, T.

Schawlow, A. L.

T. W. Hänsch, I. S. Shahin, and A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 707 (1971).
[CrossRef]

See, Y. C.

Shahin, I. S.

T. W. Hänsch, I. S. Shahin, and A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 707 (1971).
[CrossRef]

She, C. Y.

C. Y. She and J. R. Yu, Appl. Opt. 34, 1063 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. She and J. R. Yu, Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1771 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sugiyama, K.

Yoda, J.

Yu, J. R.

C. Y. She and J. R. Yu, Appl. Opt. 34, 1063 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. She and J. R. Yu, Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1771 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Geophys. Res. Lett. (2)

C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. She and J. R. Yu, Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1771 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. G. Bethea, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 254 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. M. Choy and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. B 14, 1693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

T. W. Hänsch, I. S. Shahin, and A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 707 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

P. F. Bordui, Crystal Technology, Inc., Palo Alto, Calif., 94303 (personal communication, 1994).

Lightwave Electronics, “Specifications of the series 126 diode-pumped non-planar ring laser,” (Lightwave Electronics, Mountain View, Calif., 1994).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

BK focusing factor h as a function of the focusing parameter ξ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Saturated fluorescence spectrum of the sodium D2 line, showing sub-Doppler features at the D2a peak, the D2b peak, and the crossover resonance.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Frequency-modulated saturated fluorescence spectrum of the sodium D2 line, showing sub-Doppler features at the D2a peak, the D2b peak, and the crossover resonance.

Equations (5)

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P3=4ω1ω2ω3deff2 exp-αlP1P2lhπ0c4n32,
hξ=14ξ-ξξdτexpiσmτ1+iτ,
P3=1-αlγlP1P2,
γ=4ω1ω2ω3hπ0c4n32deff2=1.02±0.25(W m)-1,
P3=0.048±0.012W-1P1P2.

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