Abstract

We present a novel type of dark spontaneous-force optical trap. The trap is based on a velocity-selective inhibition of repumping light absorption produced by electromagnetically induced transparency. Accumulation of cold cesium atoms in a dark state is observed.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. E. Pritchard, E. Raab, V. Bagnato, and C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 310 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. B. Davis, M. O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. Ketterle, K. B. David, M. A. Joffe, A. Martin, and D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2253 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. H. Anderson, W. Petrich, J. R. Ensher, and E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. A 50, R3597 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. G. Townsend, N. H. Edwards, K. P. Zetie, C. J. Cooper, J. Rink, and C. J. Foot, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1702 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Imamoglu and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 14, 1344 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. Arimondo, in Progress in Optics XXXV, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1996), p. 258.
  11. C. Fort, F. S. Cataliotti, T. W. Hänsch, M. Inguscio, and M. Prevedelli, Opt. Commun. 139, 31 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

1997

C. Fort, F. S. Cataliotti, T. W. Hänsch, M. Inguscio, and M. Prevedelli, Opt. Commun. 139, 31 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

C. G. Townsend, N. H. Edwards, K. P. Zetie, C. J. Cooper, J. Rink, and C. J. Foot, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1702 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. B. Davis, M. O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

M. H. Anderson, W. Petrich, J. R. Ensher, and E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. A 50, R3597 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

W. Ketterle, K. B. David, M. A. Joffe, A. Martin, and D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2253 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989

1988

A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986

D. E. Pritchard, E. Raab, V. Bagnato, and C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 310 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, M. H.

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Anderson, W. Petrich, J. R. Ensher, and E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. A 50, R3597 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, M. R.

K. B. Davis, M. O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arimondo, E.

A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Arimondo, in Progress in Optics XXXV, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1996), p. 258.

Aspect, A.

A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bagnato, V.

D. E. Pritchard, E. Raab, V. Bagnato, and C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 310 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cable, A.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cataliotti, F. S.

C. Fort, F. S. Cataliotti, T. W. Hänsch, M. Inguscio, and M. Prevedelli, Opt. Commun. 139, 31 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cohen-Tannoudji, C.

A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cooper, C. J.

C. G. Townsend, N. H. Edwards, K. P. Zetie, C. J. Cooper, J. Rink, and C. J. Foot, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1702 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cornell, E. A.

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Anderson, W. Petrich, J. R. Ensher, and E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. A 50, R3597 (1994).
[CrossRef]

David, K. B.

W. Ketterle, K. B. David, M. A. Joffe, A. Martin, and D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2253 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, K. B.

K. B. Davis, M. O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durfee, D. S.

K. B. Davis, M. O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Edwards, N. H.

C. G. Townsend, N. H. Edwards, K. P. Zetie, C. J. Cooper, J. Rink, and C. J. Foot, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1702 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ensher, J. R.

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Anderson, W. Petrich, J. R. Ensher, and E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. A 50, R3597 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Foot, C. J.

C. G. Townsend, N. H. Edwards, K. P. Zetie, C. J. Cooper, J. Rink, and C. J. Foot, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1702 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fort, C.

C. Fort, F. S. Cataliotti, T. W. Hänsch, M. Inguscio, and M. Prevedelli, Opt. Commun. 139, 31 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

C. Fort, F. S. Cataliotti, T. W. Hänsch, M. Inguscio, and M. Prevedelli, Opt. Commun. 139, 31 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

Imamoglu, A.

Inguscio, M.

C. Fort, F. S. Cataliotti, T. W. Hänsch, M. Inguscio, and M. Prevedelli, Opt. Commun. 139, 31 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Joffe, M. A.

W. Ketterle, K. B. David, M. A. Joffe, A. Martin, and D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2253 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaiser, R.

A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ketterle, W.

K. B. Davis, M. O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Ketterle, K. B. David, M. A. Joffe, A. Martin, and D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2253 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurn, D. M.

K. B. Davis, M. O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, A.

W. Ketterle, K. B. David, M. A. Joffe, A. Martin, and D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2253 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matthews, M. R.

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mewes, M. O.

K. B. Davis, M. O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petrich, W.

M. H. Anderson, W. Petrich, J. R. Ensher, and E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. A 50, R3597 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Prentiss, M.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prevedelli, M.

C. Fort, F. S. Cataliotti, T. W. Hänsch, M. Inguscio, and M. Prevedelli, Opt. Commun. 139, 31 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pritchard, D.

W. Ketterle, K. B. David, M. A. Joffe, A. Martin, and D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2253 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pritchard, D. E.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Pritchard, E. Raab, V. Bagnato, and C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 310 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raab, E.

D. E. Pritchard, E. Raab, V. Bagnato, and C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 310 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raab, E. L.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rink, J.

C. G. Townsend, N. H. Edwards, K. P. Zetie, C. J. Cooper, J. Rink, and C. J. Foot, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1702 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Townsend, C. G.

C. G. Townsend, N. H. Edwards, K. P. Zetie, C. J. Cooper, J. Rink, and C. J. Foot, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1702 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Druten, N. J.

K. B. Davis, M. O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vansteenkiste, N.

A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wieman, C.

D. E. Pritchard, E. Raab, V. Bagnato, and C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 310 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wieman, C. E.

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zetie, K. P.

C. G. Townsend, N. H. Edwards, K. P. Zetie, C. J. Cooper, J. Rink, and C. J. Foot, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1702 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

C. Fort, F. S. Cataliotti, T. W. Hänsch, M. Inguscio, and M. Prevedelli, Opt. Commun. 139, 31 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

M. H. Anderson, W. Petrich, J. R. Ensher, and E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. A 50, R3597 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Townsend, N. H. Edwards, K. P. Zetie, C. J. Cooper, J. Rink, and C. J. Foot, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1702 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Pritchard, E. Raab, V. Bagnato, and C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 310 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. B. Davis, M. O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Ketterle, K. B. David, M. A. Joffe, A. Martin, and D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2253 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

E. Arimondo, in Progress in Optics XXXV, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1996), p. 258.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the relevant cesium levels involved in the experiment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Relative absorption on the D1 repumping transition as a function of the dressing-laser intensity both for warm atoms at room temperature (open circles) and for cold atoms prepared in the MOT. In the latter case we show the absorption obtained with either counterpropagating (filled circles) or copropagating (open triangles) dressing and repumping beams.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Images of the trap with the dressing field (a) off and (c) on. (b), (d) Absorption of a probe beam scanned through the F=3F=2, 3, 4 components of the D2 resonance (i.e., the F=3 ground-state level population), with the dressing beam off and on, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Absorption of a probe laser on the F=3F=2, 3, 4 components of the D2 transition obtained with the dressing beam along (a) the X  axis, (b) the Z  axis, and (c) both directions.

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