Abstract

A simple and very sensitive method for determining refractive and absorptive nonlinearities based on spectral resolution of two-beam coupling is demonstrated. Nonlinear phase shifts as small as 10-6 rad and two-photon absorption coefficients as small as 10-4 cm/GW are readily observed by use of this technique with nanojoule pulses from a mode-locked laser.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  3. O. Albert, D. P. Kien, J. C. Loulergue, and J. Etchepare, Opt. Commun. 114, 315 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 443 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Sarger, P. Segonds, L. Canioni, F. Adamietz, A. Ducasse, C. Duchesne, E. Fargin, R. Olazcuaga, and G. Le Flem, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 995 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. S. Spencer and K. A. Shore, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 67 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. D. Krauss and F. W. Wise, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1739 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

P. S. Spencer and K. A. Shore, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 67 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. Albert, D. P. Kien, J. C. Loulergue, and J. Etchepare, Opt. Commun. 114, 315 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, M. Yamaguchi, and T. Yagi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 148 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (4)

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Adamietz, F.

Albert, O.

O. Albert, D. P. Kien, J. C. Loulergue, and J. Etchepare, Opt. Commun. 114, 315 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Canioni, L.

Ducasse, A.

Duchesne, C.

Etchepare, J.

O. Albert, D. P. Kien, J. C. Loulergue, and J. Etchepare, Opt. Commun. 114, 315 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fargin, E.

Franco, M.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grillon, G.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hagan, D. J.

Kai, Y.

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, M. Yamaguchi, and T. Yagi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 148 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kenney-Wallace, G. A.

D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kien, D. P.

O. Albert, D. P. Kien, J. C. Loulergue, and J. Etchepare, Opt. Commun. 114, 315 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kinoshita, S.

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, M. Yamaguchi, and T. Yagi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 148 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauss, T. D.

T. D. Krauss and F. W. Wise, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1739 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lange, R.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Le Flem, G.

Lotshaw, W. T.

D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Loulergue, J. C.

O. Albert, D. P. Kien, J. C. Loulergue, and J. Etchepare, Opt. Commun. 114, 315 (1995).
[CrossRef]

McMorrow, D.

D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nibbering, E.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Olazcuaga, R.

Prade, B.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ripoche, J.-F.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

Sarger, L.

Segonds, P.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

Shiek-Bahae, M.

Shore, K. A.

Spencer, P. S.

Van Stryland, E. W.

Wang, J.

Wise, F. W.

T. D. Krauss and F. W. Wise, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1739 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Xia, T.

Yagi, T.

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, M. Yamaguchi, and T. Yagi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 148 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, M.

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, M. Yamaguchi, and T. Yagi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 148 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. D. Krauss and F. W. Wise, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1739 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (2)

O. Albert, D. P. Kien, J. C. Loulergue, and J. Etchepare, Opt. Commun. 114, 315 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, M. Yamaguchi, and T. Yagi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 148 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dependence of the magnitude of ΔT/T on detuning. We calculated the solid curve assuming a Gaussian pulse shape, and the symbols are experimental results obtained from a 1-mm-thick piece of SF6 glass at 1220  nm. Points represented by triangles (squares) were measured with Δλ>0<0. The inset shows experimental (points) and theoretical (solid curve) transient signals at detuning Δλ=1.44σ.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Two-beam coupling signal from fused silica measured at detuning Δλ=-2.4σ (symbols) along with the theoretical fit to the data (solid curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Two-beam coupling signal from CdS measured at detuning Δλ=1.0σ (symbols) along with the theoretical fit to the data (solid curve).

Equations (2)

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Ipuz+1uIput=-α+βIpuIpu,  ϕpuz+1uϕput=kγIpu,  Ipz+1uIpt=-α+2βIpuIp,  ϕpz+1uϕpt=2kγIpu.
ΔTTτ, δ=23expδ2t02/6exp-2τ2/3t02×2ΔΦ sin2δτ/3-q cos2δτ/3.

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