Abstract

Optical 10-Gbit/s return-to-zero pulse transmission in cascaded communication systems using dispersion compensation of the standard monomode fiber with large amplifier spacing is examined. It is shown that pulse distortions that are due to Kerr nonlinearity are significantly diminished by symmetrical ordering of the compensation sections when the total number of precompensation and postcompensation sections is equal. Repositioning of these sections is not critical.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.
  2. L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and M. J. Neubelt, Electron. Lett. 32, 471 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Nakazawa and H. Kubota, Electron. Lett. 31, 216 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. Gabitov and S. K. Turitsyn, Sov. JETP Lett. 63, 861 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Berntson, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, M. L. Quairog-Teixeiro, and M. Karlsson, Opt. Commun. 130, 153 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. Gabitov, E. G. Shapiro, and S. Turitsyn, Opt. Commun. 134, 317 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 55 (1995).

1996 (4)

I. Gabitov and S. K. Turitsyn, Sov. JETP Lett. 63, 861 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Berntson, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, M. L. Quairog-Teixeiro, and M. Karlsson, Opt. Commun. 130, 153 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. Gabitov, E. G. Shapiro, and S. Turitsyn, Opt. Commun. 134, 317 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and M. J. Neubelt, Electron. Lett. 32, 471 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

M. Nakazawa and H. Kubota, Electron. Lett. 31, 216 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 55 (1995).

Anderson, D.

A. Berntson, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, M. L. Quairog-Teixeiro, and M. Karlsson, Opt. Commun. 130, 153 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

N. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 55 (1995).

Bergano, N. S.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Berntson, A.

A. Berntson, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, M. L. Quairog-Teixeiro, and M. Karlsson, Opt. Commun. 130, 153 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

N. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 55 (1995).

Corbett, P. C.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Davidson, C. D.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Doran, N. J.

N. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 55 (1995).

Erankow, J. D.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Ferguson, G. A.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Gabitov, I.

I. Gabitov, E. G. Shapiro, and S. Turitsyn, Opt. Commun. 134, 317 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. Gabitov and S. K. Turitsyn, Sov. JETP Lett. 63, 861 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, M.

A. Berntson, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, M. L. Quairog-Teixeiro, and M. Karlsson, Opt. Commun. 130, 153 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kerfoot, F. W.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Knox, F. M.

N. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 55 (1995).

Kubota, H.

M. Nakazawa and H. Kubota, Electron. Lett. 31, 216 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Levanas, M. D.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Lisak, M.

A. Berntson, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, M. L. Quairog-Teixeiro, and M. Karlsson, Opt. Commun. 130, 153 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mamyshev, P. V.

L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and M. J. Neubelt, Electron. Lett. 32, 471 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mills, M. A.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and M. J. Neubelt, Electron. Lett. 32, 471 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Morreale, J. P.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Nagel, J. A.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa and H. Kubota, Electron. Lett. 31, 216 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Neubelt, M. J.

L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and M. J. Neubelt, Electron. Lett. 32, 471 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pedrazzani, J. R.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Quairog-Teixeiro, M. L.

A. Berntson, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, M. L. Quairog-Teixeiro, and M. Karlsson, Opt. Commun. 130, 153 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, E. G.

I. Gabitov, E. G. Shapiro, and S. Turitsyn, Opt. Commun. 134, 317 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, N.

N. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 55 (1995).

Sulhoff, J. W.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Tremblay, M. D.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Turitsyn, S.

I. Gabitov, E. G. Shapiro, and S. Turitsyn, Opt. Commun. 134, 317 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S. K.

I. Gabitov and S. K. Turitsyn, Sov. JETP Lett. 63, 861 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Wilson, D. L.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Zyskin, J. L.

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Electron. Lett. (3)

L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and M. J. Neubelt, Electron. Lett. 32, 471 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa and H. Kubota, Electron. Lett. 31, 216 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 55 (1995).

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. Berntson, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, M. L. Quairog-Teixeiro, and M. Karlsson, Opt. Commun. 130, 153 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. Gabitov, E. G. Shapiro, and S. Turitsyn, Opt. Commun. 134, 317 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sov. JETP Lett. (1)

I. Gabitov and S. K. Turitsyn, Sov. JETP Lett. 63, 861 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Davidson, D. L. Wilson, F. W. Kerfoot, M. D. Tremblay, M. D. Levanas, J. P. Morreale, J. D. Erankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskin, and J. W. Sulhoff, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), postdeadline paper PD23-1.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block schematics of the communication system design. Tx, transmitter; Rx, receiver; OA, optical amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Peak power evolution (shown at the ends of the sections) over 16 amplifications for different configurations, including precompensation (DDDD DDDD) and postcompensation (SSSS SSSS), and various versions of the symmetrical compensation. Open circles indicate upper curves and open triangles indicate lower lines for direct numerical simulations; filled squares and hatched triangles indicate the variational approach.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Same as in Fig.  2 but for the pulse-width evolution. Open triangles indicate upper curves and open circles indicate lower lines for direct numerical simulations; hatched triangles above and filled squares below indicate the variational approach.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Improvement of transmission in the case of symmetrical compensation. Pattern propagation and eye diagrams for postcompensation (SSSS SSSS) and for symmetrical compensation (SDSD SDSD).

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

iAz-12β21,22At2+σ1,2A2A=i-γ1,2+k=1Nrk1,2δz-zk1,2=iG1,2zA,
Az, t=Aexpiϕ,  Az,t2=t0bzP0cosh2t/bz, ϕt=2νztbz,
bz=-2β21,2ν,  νz=-2π2β21,2b3+P0σ1,2 exp[2zG1,2zdz]b2,

Metrics