Abstract

Recording of holographic gratings by 532-nm laser pulses in photochromic bulk aluminosilicate glass containing silver particles is demonstrated. A diffraction efficiency of 1.5% is achieved for readout at the same wavelength. The speed of grating formation as a function of pulse energy suggests that two-photon excitation is responsible for the recording. The light causes bleaching of an absorption peak near 417  nm, which corresponds to the excitation of surface plasmons on the silver, and broad darkening throughout the visible to the near infrared. A likely mechanism for the photochromic effect is discussed.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1996 (1)

V. M. Shalaev, C. Douketis, T. Haslett, T. Stuckless, and M. Moskovits, Phys. Rev. B 53, 11193 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Partovi, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Glass, and J. W. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 821 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Taunay, P. Niay, P. Bernage, E. X. Xie, H. Poignant, S. Boj, E. Delevaque, and M. Monerie, Opt. Lett. 19, 1269 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1989 (2)

G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, Opt. Lett. 14, 823 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Houde-Walter and B. L. McIntyre, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 107, 316 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

T. P. Seward, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 40, 499 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

H. Kurz, E. Krätzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Räuber, Appl. Phys. 12, 355 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Sys. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Askins, C. G.

Bashaw, M. C.

J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bashkansky, M.

Bernage, P.

Boj, S.

Broer, M. M.

Delevaque, E.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Dischler, B.

H. Kurz, E. Krätzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Räuber, Appl. Phys. 12, 355 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Douketis, C.

V. M. Shalaev, C. Douketis, T. Haslett, T. Stuckless, and M. Moskovits, Phys. Rev. B 53, 11193 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Engelmann, H.

H. Kurz, E. Krätzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Räuber, Appl. Phys. 12, 355 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T.

A. Partovi, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Glass, and J. W. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 821 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, J. W.

A. Partovi, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Glass, and J. W. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 821 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Friebele, E. J.

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A. M.

A. Partovi, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Glass, and J. W. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 821 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Glenn, W. H.

Gonser, U.

H. Kurz, E. Krätzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Räuber, Appl. Phys. 12, 355 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Haslett, T.

V. M. Shalaev, C. Douketis, T. Haslett, T. Stuckless, and M. Moskovits, Phys. Rev. B 53, 11193 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Heanue, J. F.

J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hesselink, L.

J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Houde-Walter, S. N.

S. N. Houde-Walter and B. L. McIntyre, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 107, 316 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Keune, W.

H. Kurz, E. Krätzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Räuber, Appl. Phys. 12, 355 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Sys. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Krätzig, E.

H. Kurz, E. Krätzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Räuber, Appl. Phys. 12, 355 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Krol, D. M.

Kurz, H.

H. Kurz, E. Krätzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Räuber, Appl. Phys. 12, 355 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

A. Partovi, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Glass, and J. W. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 821 (1994).
[CrossRef]

McIntyre, B. L.

S. N. Houde-Walter and B. L. McIntyre, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 107, 316 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Meltz, G.

Mizrahi, V.

A. Partovi, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Glass, and J. W. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 821 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Monerie, M.

Morey, W. W.

Moskovits, M.

V. M. Shalaev, C. Douketis, T. Haslett, T. Stuckless, and M. Moskovits, Phys. Rev. B 53, 11193 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Niay, P.

Partovi, A.

A. Partovi, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Glass, and J. W. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 821 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Poignant, H.

Putnam, M. A.

Räuber, A.

H. Kurz, E. Krätzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Räuber, Appl. Phys. 12, 355 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Seward, T. P.

T. P. Seward, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 40, 499 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

V. M. Shalaev, C. Douketis, T. Haslett, T. Stuckless, and M. Moskovits, Phys. Rev. B 53, 11193 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stuckless, T.

V. M. Shalaev, C. Douketis, T. Haslett, T. Stuckless, and M. Moskovits, Phys. Rev. B 53, 11193 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Taunay, T.

Tsai, T.-E.

Williams, G. M.

Xie, E. X.

Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Kurz, E. Krätzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Räuber, Appl. Phys. 12, 355 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. Partovi, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Glass, and J. W. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 821 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bell Sys. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Sys. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

S. N. Houde-Walter and B. L. McIntyre, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 107, 316 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Seward, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 40, 499 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

V. M. Shalaev, C. Douketis, T. Haslett, T. Stuckless, and M. Moskovits, Phys. Rev. B 53, 11193 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Buildup of diffraction efficiency. The solid curve is a guide for the eye.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Number of pulses required for 50% of maximum diffraction efficiency as a function of optical energy per pulse.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Absorption spectra before illumination, after illumination by 100  pulses, and after illumination by 1000  pulses. (b) Absorption spectrum after the illuminated sample is heated at 615 °C for 15  min.

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