Abstract

We demonstrate self-starting 6.5-fs pulses from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with 200-mW average output power at a pulse repetition rate of 86 MHz. This is to our knowledge the shortest pulse ever generated directly from a laser. For dispersion compensation we used a prism pair in combination with double-chirped mirrors, which balances the higher-order dispersion of the prism pair and therefore flattens the average total group-delay dispersion in the laser cavity. For self-starting mode locking we used a broadband semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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1997 (1)

1996 (4)

1994 (2)

1993 (1)

1991 (4)

1990 (1)

1987 (1)

1984 (1)

’tHooft, G. W.

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. C.

Brabec, T.

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

Cruz, C. H. B.

Cundiff, S. T.

Cunningham, J. E.

Curley, P. F.

Ferencz, K.

Feugnet, G.

D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, and G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 120.

Fluck, R.

R. Fluck, I. D. Jung, G. Zhang, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 21, 743 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

Fujimoto, J. G.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, J. Opt. Soc. B 8, 2068 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Goldblatt, N.

D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, and G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 120.

Gordon, J. P.

Haus, H. A.

Heine, C.

Hönninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.-P.

Ippen, E. P.

S. T. Cundiff, W. H. Knox, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 21, 662 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, J. Opt. Soc. B 8, 2068 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Fluck, I. D. Jung, G. Zhang, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 21, 743 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. H. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10  fs pulses,” special issue on ultrashort pulse generation, Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kärtner, F. X.

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Fluck, I. D. Jung, G. Zhang, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 21, 743 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. H. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10  fs pulses,” special issue on ultrashort pulse generation, Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Kean, P. N.

Keller, U.

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Fluck, I. D. Jung, G. Zhang, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 21, 743 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, G. W. ’tHooft, W. H. Knox, and J. E. Cunningham, Opt. Lett. 16, 1022 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. H. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10  fs pulses,” special issue on ultrashort pulse generation, Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Knox, W. H.

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

Martinez, O. E.

Matuschek, N.

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. H. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10  fs pulses,” special issue on ultrashort pulse generation, Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Mogi, K.

Morf, R.

Morier-Genoud, F.

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. H. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10  fs pulses,” special issue on ultrashort pulse generation, Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Murnane, M. M.

Naganuma, K.

Negus, D. K.

D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, and G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 120.

Piché, M.

Salin, F.

Scheuer, V.

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. H. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10  fs pulses,” special issue on ultrashort pulse generation, Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Schibli, T.

Schmidt, A. J.

Shank, C. V.

Shi, Z.

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. H. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10  fs pulses,” special issue on ultrashort pulse generation, Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Sibbett, W.

Spence, D. E.

Spielmann, C.

Spinelli, L.

D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, and G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 120.

Squier, J.

Sutter, D. H.

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. H. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10  fs pulses,” special issue on ultrashort pulse generation, Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Szipöcs, R.

Taft, G.

Tilsch, M.

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. H. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10  fs pulses,” special issue on ultrashort pulse generation, Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Tschudi, T.

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. H. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10  fs pulses,” special issue on ultrashort pulse generation, Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wintner, A.

Xu, L.

Yamada, H.

Zhang, G.

Zhou, J.

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. B (1)

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, J. Opt. Soc. B 8, 2068 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (13)

Other (2)

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. H. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10  fs pulses,” special issue on ultrashort pulse generation, Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, and G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 120.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Interferometric autocorrelation of a self-starting KLM pulse compared with an ideal 6.5-fs pulse at 750  nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ti:sapphire laser design with one flat double-chirped mirror and a broadband SESAM for self-starting KLM.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Group-delay dispersion (GDD) of all intracavity elements: DCM, double-chirped mirror; av., average; SP-HR, Spectra Physics high reflector. (b) Total intracavity GDD. The estimated resolution is ±5 fs2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured and calibrated pulse spectrum together with the calibration factor. The inset shows the electric field obtained by direct Fourier transform of the spectrum, assuming constant phase and the electric field of an ideal 6.5-fs sech pulse.

Equations (1)

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D=dTgdω=-2ϕ0τFWHM1.762,  ϕ0=12δA02,

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