Abstract

We have measured the optical dephasing time of Er3+ transitions near 1.5 µm in the two crystallographically inequivalent sites of Y2SiO5, using an external-cavity diode laser amplified by an erbium-doped fiber amplifier. Two-pulse photon echoes were observed at zero field and in magnetic fields up to 55  kG, with dephasing times as long as 580 µs (corresponding to a linewidth of 550  Hz). Stimulated echoes were also measured and showed evidence of spectral diffusion during the 13-ms lifetime of the  4I13/2 level.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1995 (2)

H. Lin, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 1658 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 52, 393 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

W. R. Babbitt and J. A. Bell, Appl. Opt. 33, 1538 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Equall, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2179 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (3)

R. Yano, M. Mitsunaga, and N. Uesugi, Phys. Rev. B 45, 12,752 (1992), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

C. Li, C. Wyon, and R. Moncorge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1209 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Y. Silberberg, V. L. da Silva, J. P. Heritage, E. W. Chase, and M. J. Andreco, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2369 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

1982 (2)

T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 77 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 42, 346 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 39, 161 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

1970 (1)

B. A. Maximov, V. V. Illyukhin, Yu. A. Kharitonov, and N. V. Belov, Krystallografiya 15, 926 (1970); Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 15, 806 (1971).

1968 (1)

W. B. Mims, Phys. Rev. 168, 370 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Andreco, M. J.

Y. Silberberg, V. L. da Silva, J. P. Heritage, E. W. Chase, and M. J. Andreco, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2369 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Babbitt, W. R.

Bell, J. A.

Belov, N. V.

B. A. Maximov, V. V. Illyukhin, Yu. A. Kharitonov, and N. V. Belov, Krystallografiya 15, 926 (1970); Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 15, 806 (1971).

Boye, D.

R. M. Macfarlane, R. Wannemacher, D. Boye, Y. P. Wang, and R. S. Meltzer, J. Lumin. 48/49, 313 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chase, E. W.

Y. Silberberg, V. L. da Silva, J. P. Heritage, E. W. Chase, and M. J. Andreco, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2369 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cone, R. L.

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 52, 393 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Equall, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2179 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

da Silva, V. L.

Y. Silberberg, V. L. da Silva, J. P. Heritage, E. W. Chase, and M. J. Andreco, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2369 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Equall, R. W.

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 52, 393 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Equall, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2179 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harvey, K. C.

Heritage, J. P.

Y. Silberberg, V. L. da Silva, J. P. Heritage, E. W. Chase, and M. J. Andreco, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2369 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Illyukhin, V. V.

B. A. Maximov, V. V. Illyukhin, Yu. A. Kharitonov, and N. V. Belov, Krystallografiya 15, 926 (1970); Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 15, 806 (1971).

Kharitonov, Yu. A.

B. A. Maximov, V. V. Illyukhin, Yu. A. Kharitonov, and N. V. Belov, Krystallografiya 15, 926 (1970); Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 15, 806 (1971).

Li, C.

C. Li, C. Wyon, and R. Moncorge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1209 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

Littman, M. G.

Macfarlane, R. M.

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 52, 393 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Equall, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2179 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Macfarlane, R. Wannemacher, D. Boye, Y. P. Wang, and R. S. Meltzer, J. Lumin. 48/49, 313 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 42, 346 (1982).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 39, 161 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Maximov, B. A.

B. A. Maximov, V. V. Illyukhin, Yu. A. Kharitonov, and N. V. Belov, Krystallografiya 15, 926 (1970); Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 15, 806 (1971).

Meltzer, R. S.

R. M. Macfarlane, R. Wannemacher, D. Boye, Y. P. Wang, and R. S. Meltzer, J. Lumin. 48/49, 313 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Metcalfe, H. J.

Mims, W. B.

W. B. Mims, Phys. Rev. 168, 370 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Mitsunaga, M.

R. Yano, M. Mitsunaga, and N. Uesugi, Phys. Rev. B 45, 12,752 (1992), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

R. Yano, M. Mitsunaga, and N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 16, 1884 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moncorge, R.

C. Li, C. Wyon, and R. Moncorge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1209 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mossberg, T. W.

Myatt, C. J.

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 42, 346 (1982).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 39, 161 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Y. Silberberg, V. L. da Silva, J. P. Heritage, E. W. Chase, and M. J. Andreco, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2369 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

R. W. Equall, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2179 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uesugi, N.

R. Yano, M. Mitsunaga, and N. Uesugi, Phys. Rev. B 45, 12,752 (1992), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

R. Yano, M. Mitsunaga, and N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 16, 1884 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, T.

Wang, Y. P.

R. M. Macfarlane, R. Wannemacher, D. Boye, Y. P. Wang, and R. S. Meltzer, J. Lumin. 48/49, 313 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wannemacher, R.

R. M. Macfarlane, R. Wannemacher, D. Boye, Y. P. Wang, and R. S. Meltzer, J. Lumin. 48/49, 313 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wyon, C.

C. Li, C. Wyon, and R. Moncorge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1209 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yano, R.

R. Yano, M. Mitsunaga, and N. Uesugi, Phys. Rev. B 45, 12,752 (1992), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

R. Yano, M. Mitsunaga, and N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 16, 1884 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. Li, C. Wyon, and R. Moncorge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1209 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Y. Silberberg, V. L. da Silva, J. P. Heritage, E. W. Chase, and M. J. Andreco, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2369 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

R. M. Macfarlane, R. Wannemacher, D. Boye, Y. P. Wang, and R. S. Meltzer, J. Lumin. 48/49, 313 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Krystallografiya (1)

B. A. Maximov, V. V. Illyukhin, Yu. A. Kharitonov, and N. V. Belov, Krystallografiya 15, 926 (1970); Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 15, 806 (1971).

Opt. Commun. (2)

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 39, 161 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 42, 346 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. (1)

W. B. Mims, Phys. Rev. 168, 370 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

R. Yano, M. Mitsunaga, and N. Uesugi, Phys. Rev. B 45, 12,752 (1992), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 52, 393 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. W. Equall, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2179 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Two-pulse photon echo decays for Er in site 1 of Y2SiO5 for several values of the magnetic field in the D1 direction. Nonexponential decays show the presence of spectral diffusion. (See Table 1 for fitting parameters.)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Magnetic-field dependence of the homogeneous linewidth 1/πTM for Er3+ in the two sites for Y2SiO5.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Stimulated photon echo measurement of the dependence of the linewidth on the waiting time T at 8 kG, showing the presence of spectral diffusion.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Photon-Echo Decay Parameters for Er3+ [32 ppm]: Y2SiO5

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