Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate backward second-harmonic generation in periodically poled LiNbO3 with a 3.3-µm domain period. We observed higher-order phase matching near 1490, 1600, and 1700  nm (fundamental) for the 19th, 18th, and 17th orders, respectively, with a maximum conversion efficiency of 0.02%.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. For example, E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. J. Kozlowsky, Electron. Lett. 25, 731 (1989).
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    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1574 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, Opt. Lett. 21, 1445 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Delacourt, F. Armani, and M. Papuchon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1090 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. J. Ding and J. U. Kang, “Theory of backward second-harmonic generation in quasi-phase-matched second-order nonlinear medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be submitted).
  9. L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 31, 1576 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1996

Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1574 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, Opt. Lett. 21, 1445 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 31, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

D. Delacourt, F. Armani, and M. Papuchon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1090 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989

For example, E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. J. Kozlowsky, Electron. Lett. 25, 731 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1979

1966

S. E. Harris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 114 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1962

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Armani, F.

D. Delacourt, F. Armani, and M. Papuchon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1090 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Burns, W. K.

L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 31, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

For example, E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. J. Kozlowsky, Electron. Lett. 25, 731 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Delacourt, D.

D. Delacourt, F. Armani, and M. Papuchon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1090 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y. J.

Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, Opt. Lett. 21, 1445 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1574 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Ding and J. U. Kang, “Theory of backward second-harmonic generation in quasi-phase-matched second-order nonlinear medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be submitted).

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

For example, E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. J. Kozlowsky, Electron. Lett. 25, 731 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 31, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 114 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. U.

Y. J. Ding and J. U. Kang, “Theory of backward second-harmonic generation in quasi-phase-matched second-order nonlinear medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be submitted).

Khurgin, J. B.

Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, Opt. Lett. 21, 1445 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1574 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kozlowsky, W. J.

For example, E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. J. Kozlowsky, Electron. Lett. 25, 731 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lim, E. J.

For example, E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. J. Kozlowsky, Electron. Lett. 25, 731 (1989).
[CrossRef]

McElhanon, R. W.

L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 31, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Normandin, R.

Papuchon, M.

D. Delacourt, F. Armani, and M. Papuchon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1090 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. E. Harris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 114 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

For example, E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. J. Kozlowsky, Electron. Lett. 25, 731 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 31, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. Delacourt, F. Armani, and M. Papuchon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1090 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1574 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Other

Y. J. Ding and J. U. Kang, “Theory of backward second-harmonic generation in quasi-phase-matched second-order nonlinear medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be submitted).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup. Det.’s, detectors; OPA, optical parametric amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Wavelength scan showing phase-matching locations for backward SHG. The arrows indicate theoretically predicted phase-matching wavelengths.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output backward SH average power as a function of input fundamental average power at 1700 nm. The solid curve is a least-square fit.

Equations (2)

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2kω+k2ω-kg=0,
η=Lcη0Iωτχ0222nω2n2ωnω+n2ω3Λ2,

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