Abstract

We report what we believe is the first cw quasi-phase-matched intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped 946-nm Nd:YAG laser by use of bulk periodically poled MgO–LiNbO3. A maximum second-harmonic power of 5.9  mW was obtained at a laser diode power of 500  mW. The blue beam profile showed a TEM00 single spatial mode of low ellipticity (1:1) because there was no walk-off problem. Bulk periodic domain inversion was accomplished by a corona discharge method with a first-order modulation period of 4.75  µm for a wavelength of 946  nm over a 2-mm interaction length in Z-cut 0.4-mm-thick MgO–LiNbO3.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1996 (5)

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, Electron. Lett. 32, 556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Risk and G. M. Loiacono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Baron, H. Cheng, and M. C. Gupta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 481 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Harada and Y. Nihei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2629 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Matthewa, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, Opt. Lett. 21, 198 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (4)

V. Pruneri, R. Koch, P. G. Kazansky, W. A. Clarkson, P. St. J. Russell, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 20, 2375 (1995).
[CrossRef]

V. Pruneri, J. Webjorn, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 116, 159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi and K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2943 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 31, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

Q. Chen and W. P. Risk, Electron. Lett. 30, 1516 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and H. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1311 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Hollemann, E. Peik, and H. Walther, Opt. Lett. 19, 192 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

M. C. Gupta, W. P. Risk, A. C. G. Nutt, and S. D. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Siatoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, Electron. Lett. 27, 1207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

J. Webjorn, F. Laurell, and G. Arvidsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 316 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Risk, R. Pon, and W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1625 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1985 (1)

S. Thaniyavarn, T. Findakly, D. Booher, and J. Moen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 933 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

S. Miyazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4599 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Arvidsson, G.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, Electron. Lett. 32, 556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Webjorn, F. Laurell, and G. Arvidsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 316 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Baron, C.

C. Baron, H. Cheng, and M. C. Gupta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 481 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Barr, J. R. M.

V. Pruneri, J. Webjorn, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 116, 159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Booher, D.

S. Thaniyavarn, T. Findakly, D. Booher, and J. Moen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 933 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Burns, W. K.

L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 31, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. S. F.

Chen, Q.

Q. Chen and W. P. Risk, Electron. Lett. 30, 1516 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, H.

C. Baron, H. Cheng, and M. C. Gupta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 481 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

Conroy, R. S.

Dixon, G. J.

Djeu, N.

Findakly, T.

S. Thaniyavarn, T. Findakly, D. Booher, and J. Moen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 933 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Fujimura, M.

M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, Electron. Lett. 27, 1207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 31, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, M. C.

C. Baron, H. Cheng, and M. C. Gupta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 481 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Gupta, W. P. Risk, A. C. G. Nutt, and S. D. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

V. Pruneri, J. Webjorn, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 116, 159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

V. Pruneri, R. Koch, P. G. Kazansky, W. A. Clarkson, P. St. J. Russell, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 20, 2375 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Harada, A.

A. Harada and Y. Nihei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2629 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Henriksson, P.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, Electron. Lett. 32, 556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hollemann, G.

Karlsson, H.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, Electron. Lett. 32, 556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

Koch, R.

Lau, S. D.

M. C. Gupta, W. P. Risk, A. C. G. Nutt, and S. D. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, Electron. Lett. 32, 556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Webjorn, F. Laurell, and G. Arvidsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 316 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lenth, W.

W. P. Risk, R. Pon, and W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1625 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Loiacono, G. M.

W. P. Risk and G. M. Loiacono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Matthewa, D. G.

McElhanon, R. W.

L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 31, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Miyazawa, S.

S. Miyazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4599 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mizuuchi, K.

K. Mizuuchi and K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2943 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and H. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1311 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Moen, J.

S. Thaniyavarn, T. Findakly, D. Booher, and J. Moen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 933 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nada, N.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Siatoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nihei, Y.

A. Harada and Y. Nihei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2629 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, H.

M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, Electron. Lett. 27, 1207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nutt, A. C. G.

M. C. Gupta, W. P. Risk, A. C. G. Nutt, and S. D. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Peik, E.

Pon, R.

W. P. Risk, R. Pon, and W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1625 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pruneri, V.

V. Pruneri, J. Webjorn, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 116, 159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

V. Pruneri, R. Koch, P. G. Kazansky, W. A. Clarkson, P. St. J. Russell, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 20, 2375 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Risk, W. P.

W. P. Risk and G. M. Loiacono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Q. Chen and W. P. Risk, Electron. Lett. 30, 1516 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Gupta, W. P. Risk, A. C. G. Nutt, and S. D. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Risk, R. Pon, and W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1625 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

V. Pruneri, J. Webjorn, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 116, 159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

V. Pruneri, R. Koch, P. G. Kazansky, W. A. Clarkson, P. St. J. Russell, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 20, 2375 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sato, H.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and H. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1311 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Siatoh, M.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Siatoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sinclair, B. D.

Suhara, T.

M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, Electron. Lett. 27, 1207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Thaniyavarn, S.

S. Thaniyavarn, T. Findakly, D. Booher, and J. Moen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 933 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Walther, H.

Watanabe, K.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Siatoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Webjorn, J.

V. Pruneri, J. Webjorn, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 116, 159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Webjorn, F. Laurell, and G. Arvidsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 316 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Siatoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

K. Mizuuchi and K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2943 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and H. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1311 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. M.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

W. P. Risk, R. Pon, and W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1625 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Thaniyavarn, T. Findakly, D. Booher, and J. Moen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 933 (1985).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Risk and G. M. Loiacono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Siatoh, and K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi and K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2943 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Gupta, W. P. Risk, A. C. G. Nutt, and S. D. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Baron, H. Cheng, and M. C. Gupta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 481 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Harada and Y. Nihei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2629 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, Electron. Lett. 31, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Q. Chen and W. P. Risk, Electron. Lett. 30, 1516 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, Electron. Lett. 32, 556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, Electron. Lett. 27, 1207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Webjorn, F. Laurell, and G. Arvidsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 316 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Miyazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4599 (1979).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and H. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1311 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

V. Pruneri, J. Webjorn, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 116, 159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Optical-microscope image of the +Z surface and (b) cross section of the Y face of the bulk domain structure of a 0.4-mm-thick MgO–LiNbO3 crystal after chemical etching.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fundamental wavelength dependence of SH power for 2.0-mm-long bulk domain inverted MgO–LiNbO3 with a Ti:Al2O3 laser. SHG, SH generation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental configuration of intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped 946-nm Nd:YAG laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SH power of intracavity frequency doubling as a function of pumping laser diode (LD) power. SHG, SH generation.

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