Abstract

An extremely short external cavity that is realized when a Fabry–Perot laser diode is butt coupled to a waveguide or a fiber produces feedback that is effective for controlled wavelength tuning. We used butt coupling to tune a high-output-power laser diode over a wide range (as great as 15 nm) while maintaining constant driving current and temperature. Single-mode or multimode operation repeatedly occurred at specific points throughout the tuning range. An analytical model that includes the effect of multiple reflections from the external cavity, each attenuated by a modal overlap integral, and which is based on phenomenological principles, shows good agreement with the experimental results.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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1997

X. Zhu and D. T. Cassidy, Proc. SPIE 3000, 138 (1997).

1994

1992

P. A. Ruprecht and J. R. Branderberg, Opt. Commun. 93, 82 (1992).

1991

D. T. Cassidy, D. M. Bruce, and B. F. Ventrudo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 2385 (1991).

1988

1986

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chaplyvy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1320 (1986).

1983

J. H. Osmundsenand and N. Gade, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 465 (1983).

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal and N. K. Dutta, Semiconductor Lasers, 2nd ed. (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1993), Chap. 2.

Binder, R.

R. Binder, University of Arizona, Tucson, Ariz. 85721 (personal communication).

Branderberg, J. R.

P. A. Ruprecht and J. R. Branderberg, Opt. Commun. 93, 82 (1992).

Bruce, D. M.

D. T. Cassidy, D. M. Bruce, and B. F. Ventrudo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 2385 (1991).

Cassidy, D. T.

X. Zhu and D. T. Cassidy, Proc. SPIE 3000, 138 (1997).

D. T. Cassidy, D. M. Bruce, and B. F. Ventrudo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 2385 (1991).

Chaplyvy, A. R.

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chaplyvy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1320 (1986).

Dutta, N. K.

G. P. Agrawal and N. K. Dutta, Semiconductor Lasers, 2nd ed. (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1993), Chap. 2.

Gade, N.

J. H. Osmundsenand and N. Gade, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 465 (1983).

Howe, D.

Y. Sidorin and D. Howe, “Diode laser to waveguide butt coupling: extremely short external cavity,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Katagiri, Y.

Kittel, C.

C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid-State Physics, 6th ed. (Wiley, New York, 1986), p. 130.

Osmundsen, J. H.

J. H. Osmundsenand and N. Gade, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 465 (1983).

Ruprecht, P. A.

P. A. Ruprecht and J. R. Branderberg, Opt. Commun. 93, 82 (1992).

Sidorin, Y.

Y. Sidorin and D. Howe, “Diode laser to waveguide butt coupling: extremely short external cavity,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Tkach, R. W.

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chaplyvy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1320 (1986).

Trutna, Jr., W. R.

Uenishi, Y.

Ukita, H.

Ventrudo, B. F.

D. T. Cassidy, D. M. Bruce, and B. F. Ventrudo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 2385 (1991).

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu and D. T. Cassidy, Proc. SPIE 3000, 138 (1997).

Zorabedian, P.

Appl. Opt.

Y. Sidorin and D. Howe, “Diode laser to waveguide butt coupling: extremely short external cavity,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

H. Ukita, Y. Uenishi, and Y. Katagiri, Appl. Opt. 33, 5557 (1994).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. H. Osmundsenand and N. Gade, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 465 (1983).

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chaplyvy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1320 (1986).

Opt. Commun.

P. A. Ruprecht and J. R. Branderberg, Opt. Commun. 93, 82 (1992).

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

X. Zhu and D. T. Cassidy, Proc. SPIE 3000, 138 (1997).

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

D. T. Cassidy, D. M. Bruce, and B. F. Ventrudo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 2385 (1991).

Other

G. P. Agrawal and N. K. Dutta, Semiconductor Lasers, 2nd ed. (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1993), Chap. 2.

E. D. Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids II (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1991).

C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid-State Physics, 6th ed. (Wiley, New York, 1986), p. 130.

R. Binder, University of Arizona, Tucson, Ariz. 85721 (personal communication).

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