Abstract

A grating was designed to convert an evanescent wave into propagating diffraction orders that fulfill a specified optical function.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. V. Twersky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 145 (1962).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. C. Gupta and S. T. Peng, Opt. Lett. 16, 1301 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Kaiser, Y. Lévy, N. Vansteenkiste, A. Aspect, W. Seifert, D. Leipold, and J. Mlynek, Opt. Commun. 104, 234 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. L. Dakss, L. Kuhn, P. F. Heidrich, and B. A. Scott, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 523 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. K. Tien, R. Ulrich, and R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 291 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Schmitz, R. Bräuer, and O. Bryngdahl, Opt. Commun. 124, 1 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Schmitz, R. Bräuer, and O. Bryngdahl, Opt. Commun. 124, 1 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

R. Kaiser, Y. Lévy, N. Vansteenkiste, A. Aspect, W. Seifert, D. Leipold, and J. Mlynek, Opt. Commun. 104, 234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1970 (1)

M. L. Dakss, L. Kuhn, P. F. Heidrich, and B. A. Scott, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 523 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

P. K. Tien, R. Ulrich, and R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 291 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

Aspect, A.

R. Kaiser, Y. Lévy, N. Vansteenkiste, A. Aspect, W. Seifert, D. Leipold, and J. Mlynek, Opt. Commun. 104, 234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bräuer, R.

M. Schmitz, R. Bräuer, and O. Bryngdahl, Opt. Commun. 124, 1 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bryngdahl, O.

M. Schmitz, R. Bräuer, and O. Bryngdahl, Opt. Commun. 124, 1 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dakss, M. L.

M. L. Dakss, L. Kuhn, P. F. Heidrich, and B. A. Scott, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 523 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, M. C.

Heidrich, P. F.

M. L. Dakss, L. Kuhn, P. F. Heidrich, and B. A. Scott, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 523 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, R.

R. Kaiser, Y. Lévy, N. Vansteenkiste, A. Aspect, W. Seifert, D. Leipold, and J. Mlynek, Opt. Commun. 104, 234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kuhn, L.

M. L. Dakss, L. Kuhn, P. F. Heidrich, and B. A. Scott, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 523 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Leipold, D.

R. Kaiser, Y. Lévy, N. Vansteenkiste, A. Aspect, W. Seifert, D. Leipold, and J. Mlynek, Opt. Commun. 104, 234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lévy, Y.

R. Kaiser, Y. Lévy, N. Vansteenkiste, A. Aspect, W. Seifert, D. Leipold, and J. Mlynek, Opt. Commun. 104, 234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Martin, R. J.

P. K. Tien, R. Ulrich, and R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 291 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Mlynek, J.

R. Kaiser, Y. Lévy, N. Vansteenkiste, A. Aspect, W. Seifert, D. Leipold, and J. Mlynek, Opt. Commun. 104, 234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Peng, S. T.

Schmitz, M.

M. Schmitz, R. Bräuer, and O. Bryngdahl, Opt. Commun. 124, 1 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Scott, B. A.

M. L. Dakss, L. Kuhn, P. F. Heidrich, and B. A. Scott, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 523 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Seifert, W.

R. Kaiser, Y. Lévy, N. Vansteenkiste, A. Aspect, W. Seifert, D. Leipold, and J. Mlynek, Opt. Commun. 104, 234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tien, P. K.

P. K. Tien, R. Ulrich, and R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 291 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Twersky, V.

Ulrich, R.

P. K. Tien, R. Ulrich, and R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 291 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Vansteenkiste, N.

R. Kaiser, Y. Lévy, N. Vansteenkiste, A. Aspect, W. Seifert, D. Leipold, and J. Mlynek, Opt. Commun. 104, 234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. L. Dakss, L. Kuhn, P. F. Heidrich, and B. A. Scott, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 523 (1970).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Tien, R. Ulrich, and R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 291 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

R. Kaiser, Y. Lévy, N. Vansteenkiste, A. Aspect, W. Seifert, D. Leipold, and J. Mlynek, Opt. Commun. 104, 234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Schmitz, R. Bräuer, and O. Bryngdahl, Opt. Commun. 124, 1 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Sketch of the waveguide geometry. The refractive indices are n1=1.894, n2=1.46, n3=2.37, and n4=1. The film thicknesses are h2=350 nm and h3=87 nm. (b) Dependence of the angle of incidence φ on the transmitted energy ηt and the magnitude T of the transmitted field. T is calculated in the vacuum region directly behind the boundary of the upper thin film.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A Ronchi grating is placed above the waveguide illustrated in Fig.  1(a). The refractive index n5x alternates from n3=2.37 to n4=1. The gap thickness is h4=196.45 nm, and the grating thickness is h5=286.8 nm for the results presented in (b) and (c). In (b) the grating period is d=1000 nm, and in (c) d=2000 nm. The parameters in (d) are d=1000 nm, h4=392.9 nm, and h5=286.8 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Grating period d=1625 nm and angle of incidence φ=63.34° are fixed to guarantee four diffraction orders centered around the optical axis. Gap and grating thicknesses are h4=196.45 nm and h5=286.8 nm. The illustration shows an optimized grating structure that generates four almost equally intense diffraction orders. The individual diffraction efficiencies and the diffraction angles are depicted in (b).

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