Abstract

We report efficient frequency doubling of passively mode-locked femtosecond erbium-fiber lasers. Quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate is used to generate 8.1 mW of 190-fs (FWHM), 90-pJ pulses at 777 nm with a conversion efficiency greater than can be obtained with existing birefringently phase-matched nonlinear materials. A dispersion-compensation-free soliton oscillator generating transform-limited 230-fs (FWHM) pulses at 1554 nm is used as a pump laser.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, J. D. Minelly, and G. G. Vienne, Opt. Lett. 21, 967 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Galvanauskas, Proc. SPIE 2377, 117 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (3)

1995 (4)

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Galvanauskas, Proc. SPIE 2377, 117 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 31, 1062 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

M. Dennis and I. N. Duling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1469 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

S. A. Akhamanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, Soviet Phys. JETP 28, 748 (1969).

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Akhamanov, S. A.

S. A. Akhamanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, Soviet Phys. JETP 28, 748 (1969).

Bennion, I.

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Butterworth, S. D.

Byer, R. L.

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chirkin, A. S.

S. A. Akhamanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, Soviet Phys. JETP 28, 748 (1969).

Dennis, M.

M. Dennis and I. N. Duling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1469 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dougherty, D. J.

G. Lenz, S. B. Fleischer, L. E. Nelson, D. J. Dougherty, and E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 30.

Du, D.

A. Hariharan, D. J. Harter, T. S. Sosnowski, S. Kane, D. Du, T. B. Norris, and J. Squier, “Injection of ultrafast regenerative amplifiers with low energy femtosecond pulses from an Er-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Duling, I. N.

M. Dennis and I. N. Duling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1469 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Fejer, M. M.

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, J. D. Minelly, and G. G. Vienne, Opt. Lett. 21, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fleischer, S. B.

G. Lenz, S. B. Fleischer, L. E. Nelson, D. J. Dougherty, and E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 30.

Galvanauskas, A.

A. Galvanauskas, Proc. SPIE 2377, 117 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gray, S.

Grundinin, A. B.

Hanna, D. C.

Hariharan, A.

A. Hariharan, D. J. Harter, T. S. Sosnowski, S. Kane, D. Du, T. B. Norris, and J. Squier, “Injection of ultrafast regenerative amplifiers with low energy femtosecond pulses from an Er-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Harter, D.

M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, J. D. Minelly, and G. G. Vienne, Opt. Lett. 21, 967 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Harter, D. J.

A. Hariharan, D. J. Harter, T. S. Sosnowski, S. Kane, D. Du, T. B. Norris, and J. Squier, “Injection of ultrafast regenerative amplifiers with low energy femtosecond pulses from an Er-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Haus, H. A.

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Lenz, S. B. Fleischer, L. E. Nelson, D. J. Dougherty, and E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 30.

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kane, S.

A. Hariharan, D. J. Harter, T. S. Sosnowski, S. Kane, D. Du, T. B. Norris, and J. Squier, “Injection of ultrafast regenerative amplifiers with low energy femtosecond pulses from an Er-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Kimura, Y.

K. Tamura, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 31, 1062 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Lenz, G.

G. Lenz, S. B. Fleischer, L. E. Nelson, D. J. Dougherty, and E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 30.

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Minelly, J. D.

Myers, L. E.

Nakazawa, M.

K. Tamura, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 31, 1062 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Lenz, S. B. Fleischer, L. E. Nelson, D. J. Dougherty, and E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 30.

Norris, T. B.

A. Hariharan, D. J. Harter, T. S. Sosnowski, S. Kane, D. Du, T. B. Norris, and J. Squier, “Injection of ultrafast regenerative amplifiers with low energy femtosecond pulses from an Er-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Pierce, J. W.

Pruneri, V.

Sosnowski, T. S.

A. Hariharan, D. J. Harter, T. S. Sosnowski, S. Kane, D. Du, T. B. Norris, and J. Squier, “Injection of ultrafast regenerative amplifiers with low energy femtosecond pulses from an Er-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Squier, J.

A. Hariharan, D. J. Harter, T. S. Sosnowski, S. Kane, D. Du, T. B. Norris, and J. Squier, “Injection of ultrafast regenerative amplifiers with low energy femtosecond pulses from an Er-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Sugden, K.

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sukhorukov, A. P.

S. A. Akhamanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, Soviet Phys. JETP 28, 748 (1969).

Tamura, K.

K. Tamura, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 31, 1062 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vienne, G. G.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Tamura, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 31, 1062 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Dennis and I. N. Duling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1469 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Galvanauskas, Proc. SPIE 2377, 117 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Soviet Phys. JETP (1)

S. A. Akhamanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, Soviet Phys. JETP 28, 748 (1969).

Other (2)

A. Hariharan, D. J. Harter, T. S. Sosnowski, S. Kane, D. Du, T. B. Norris, and J. Squier, “Injection of ultrafast regenerative amplifiers with low energy femtosecond pulses from an Er-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

G. Lenz, S. B. Fleischer, L. E. Nelson, D. J. Dougherty, and E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 30.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Fundamental pulse spectrum shown on a linear scale and (inset) autocorrelation shown on a logarithmic scale. The solid curve represents the theoretical autocorrelation of a pedestal-free sech2 pulse with τFWHM=230 fs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Second-harmonic pulse spectrum shown on a linear scale and (inset) autocorrelation shown on a logarithmic scale. The solid curve represents the theoretical autocorrelation of the second harmonic of the pulse in Fig. 1 generated in a crystal with L=Lmax.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Internal SHG conversion efficiency plotted against internal average power at 1.56 µm. The solid curve represents the small-signal conversion efficiency of 1.0%/mW. The dashed curve was obtained by radial and temporal averaging of the theoretical output intensity approximated at each radius and time by the plane-wave expression for depleted-pump cw SHG.

Equations (4)

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ηPλ=16π20cdeff2Lnλnλ/2λ3gh,
Lmax=0.44λ2ΔλΔng-1,
g=-Pt2dt2-Ptdt2,
FOM=deff2/n2Δng.

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