Abstract

Optical phase conjugation of the two-photon-pumped frequency upconversion backward stimulated emission of a new dye solution has been demonstrated. When the 1064-nm pump intensity reaches a certain threshold value, a highly directional and phase-conjugate backward stimulated emission at 616-nm wavelength can be observed. After backward passage through an aberration plate placed in the input pump beam path, the introduced aberration influence (1.6–1.8 mrad) can be entirely compensated by backward stimulated emission with a final beam divergence of only 0.23 mrad. The net conversion efficiency from the absorbed IR pump energy to the backward visible stimulated emission energy can reach 10%.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. A. Fisher, ed., Optical Phase Conjugation (Academic, New York, 1983).
  2. A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 650 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  3. R. W. Hellwarth, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 1 (1977).
  4. D. M. Bloom and G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 592 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. Yariv and D. M. Pepper, Opt. Lett. 1, 16 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, J. F. Lam, and C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 376 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. L. Abrams and R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978); Opt. Lett. 3, 205 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  8. B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).
  9. O. Yu. Nosach, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 16, 435 (1972).
  10. V. Wang and C. R. Giuliano, Opt. Lett. 2, 4 (1978).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. A. I. Sokolovskaya, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudryavtseva, Opt. Commun. 24, 74 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. L. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. P. Xuan, and G. Rivoire, Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. Yariv, Opt. Commun. 21, 49 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  14. P. V. Avizonis, F. A. Hopf, W. D. Bamberger, S. F. Jacobs, A. Tomita, and K. H. Womack, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 435 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  15. N. C. Griffen and C. V. Heer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 865 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. Fujita, H. Nakasuka, H. Nakanishi, and M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 974 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 486 (1982).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  20. G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  21. G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C. K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Lett. 20, 2393 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  22. G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 749 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  23. V. G. Koptev, A. M. Lazaruk, I. P. Petrovich, and A. S. Rubanov, JETP Lett. 28, 434 (1978).

1996 (1)

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 749 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703 (1995).
[Crossref]

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C. K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Lett. 20, 2393 (1995).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (2)

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 486 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1979 (2)

M. Fujita, H. Nakasuka, H. Nakanishi, and M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 974 (1979).
[Crossref]

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, J. F. Lam, and C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 376 (1979).
[Crossref]

1978 (7)

R. L. Abrams and R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978); Opt. Lett. 3, 205 (1978).
[Crossref]

A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 650 (1978).
[Crossref]

N. C. Griffen and C. V. Heer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 865 (1978).
[Crossref]

V. Wang and C. R. Giuliano, Opt. Lett. 2, 4 (1978).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. I. Sokolovskaya, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudryavtseva, Opt. Commun. 24, 74 (1978).
[Crossref]

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. L. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. P. Xuan, and G. Rivoire, Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
[Crossref]

V. G. Koptev, A. M. Lazaruk, I. P. Petrovich, and A. S. Rubanov, JETP Lett. 28, 434 (1978).

1977 (5)

A. Yariv, Opt. Commun. 21, 49 (1977).
[Crossref]

P. V. Avizonis, F. A. Hopf, W. D. Bamberger, S. F. Jacobs, A. Tomita, and K. H. Womack, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 435 (1977).
[Crossref]

R. W. Hellwarth, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 1 (1977).

D. M. Bloom and G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 592 (1977).
[Crossref]

A. Yariv and D. M. Pepper, Opt. Lett. 1, 16 (1977).
[Crossref]

1972 (2)

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

O. Yu. Nosach, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 16, 435 (1972).

Abrams, R. L.

Avizonis, P. V.

P. V. Avizonis, F. A. Hopf, W. D. Bamberger, S. F. Jacobs, A. Tomita, and K. H. Womack, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 435 (1977).
[Crossref]

Bamberger, W. D.

P. V. Avizonis, F. A. Hopf, W. D. Bamberger, S. F. Jacobs, A. Tomita, and K. H. Womack, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 435 (1977).
[Crossref]

Bhawalkar, J. D.

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 749 (1996).
[Crossref]

G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703 (1995).
[Crossref]

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C. K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Lett. 20, 2393 (1995).
[Crossref]

Bjorklund, G. C.

D. M. Bloom and G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 592 (1977).
[Crossref]

Bloom, D. M.

D. M. Bloom and G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 592 (1977).
[Crossref]

Brekhovskikh, G. L.

A. I. Sokolovskaya, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudryavtseva, Opt. Commun. 24, 74 (1978).
[Crossref]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982).
[Crossref]

Faizullov, F. S.

O. Yu. Nosach, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 16, 435 (1972).

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

Feinberg, J.

Fischer, B.

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982).
[Crossref]

Fujita, M.

M. Fujita, H. Nakasuka, H. Nakanishi, and M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 974 (1979).
[Crossref]

Gazengel, J.

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. L. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. P. Xuan, and G. Rivoire, Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
[Crossref]

Giuliano, C. R.

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, J. F. Lam, and C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 376 (1979).
[Crossref]

V. Wang and C. R. Giuliano, Opt. Lett. 2, 4 (1978).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Griffen, N. C.

N. C. Griffen and C. V. Heer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 865 (1978).
[Crossref]

He, G. S.

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 749 (1996).
[Crossref]

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C. K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Lett. 20, 2393 (1995).
[Crossref]

G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703 (1995).
[Crossref]

Heer, C. V.

N. C. Griffen and C. V. Heer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 865 (1978).
[Crossref]

Hellwarth, R. W.

Hopf, F. A.

P. V. Avizonis, F. A. Hopf, W. D. Bamberger, S. F. Jacobs, A. Tomita, and K. H. Womack, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 435 (1977).
[Crossref]

Jacobs, S. F.

P. V. Avizonis, F. A. Hopf, W. D. Bamberger, S. F. Jacobs, A. Tomita, and K. H. Womack, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 435 (1977).
[Crossref]

Koptev, V. G.

V. G. Koptev, A. M. Lazaruk, I. P. Petrovich, and A. S. Rubanov, JETP Lett. 28, 434 (1978).

Kudriavtseva, A. D.

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. L. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. P. Xuan, and G. Rivoire, Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
[Crossref]

Kudryavtseva, A. D.

A. I. Sokolovskaya, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudryavtseva, Opt. Commun. 24, 74 (1978).
[Crossref]

Lam, J. F.

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, J. F. Lam, and C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 376 (1979).
[Crossref]

Lazaruk, A. M.

V. G. Koptev, A. M. Lazaruk, I. P. Petrovich, and A. S. Rubanov, JETP Lett. 28, 434 (1978).

Lind, R. C.

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, J. F. Lam, and C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 376 (1979).
[Crossref]

R. L. Abrams and R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978); Opt. Lett. 3, 205 (1978).
[Crossref]

Matsuoka, M.

M. Fujita, H. Nakasuka, H. Nakanishi, and M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 974 (1979).
[Crossref]

Nakanishi, H.

M. Fujita, H. Nakasuka, H. Nakanishi, and M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 974 (1979).
[Crossref]

Nakasuka, H.

M. Fujita, H. Nakasuka, H. Nakanishi, and M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 974 (1979).
[Crossref]

Nosach, O. Yu.

O. Yu. Nosach, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 16, 435 (1972).

Park, C. K.

Pepper, D. M.

Petrovich, I. P.

V. G. Koptev, A. M. Lazaruk, I. P. Petrovich, and A. S. Rubanov, JETP Lett. 28, 434 (1978).

Popovichev, V. I.

O. Yu. Nosach, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 16, 435 (1972).

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

Prasad, P. N.

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 749 (1996).
[Crossref]

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C. K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Lett. 20, 2393 (1995).
[Crossref]

G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ragul’skii, V. V.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

O. Yu. Nosach, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 16, 435 (1972).

Rivoire, G.

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. L. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. P. Xuan, and G. Rivoire, Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
[Crossref]

Rubanov, A. S.

V. G. Koptev, A. M. Lazaruk, I. P. Petrovich, and A. S. Rubanov, JETP Lett. 28, 434 (1978).

Sokolovskaia, A. L.

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. L. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. P. Xuan, and G. Rivoire, Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
[Crossref]

Sokolovskaya, A. I.

A. I. Sokolovskaya, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudryavtseva, Opt. Commun. 24, 74 (1978).
[Crossref]

Steel, D. G.

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, J. F. Lam, and C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 376 (1979).
[Crossref]

Tomita, A.

P. V. Avizonis, F. A. Hopf, W. D. Bamberger, S. F. Jacobs, A. Tomita, and K. H. Womack, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 435 (1977).
[Crossref]

Wang, V.

White, J. O.

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982).
[Crossref]

Womack, K. H.

P. V. Avizonis, F. A. Hopf, W. D. Bamberger, S. F. Jacobs, A. Tomita, and K. H. Womack, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 435 (1977).
[Crossref]

Xuan, N. P.

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. L. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. P. Xuan, and G. Rivoire, Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982).
[Crossref]

A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 650 (1978).
[Crossref]

A. Yariv and D. M. Pepper, Opt. Lett. 1, 16 (1977).
[Crossref]

A. Yariv, Opt. Commun. 21, 49 (1977).
[Crossref]

Zel’dovich, B. Ya.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

Zhao, C. F.

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 749 (1996).
[Crossref]

G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703 (1995).
[Crossref]

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C. K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Lett. 20, 2393 (1995).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

D. M. Bloom and G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 592 (1977).
[Crossref]

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, J. F. Lam, and C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 376 (1979).
[Crossref]

P. V. Avizonis, F. A. Hopf, W. D. Bamberger, S. F. Jacobs, A. Tomita, and K. H. Womack, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 435 (1977).
[Crossref]

N. C. Griffen and C. V. Heer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 865 (1978).
[Crossref]

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982).
[Crossref]

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[Crossref]

G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 650 (1978).
[Crossref]

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 749 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

JETP Lett. (3)

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 15, 109 (1972).

O. Yu. Nosach, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, JETP Lett. 16, 435 (1972).

V. G. Koptev, A. M. Lazaruk, I. P. Petrovich, and A. S. Rubanov, JETP Lett. 28, 434 (1978).

Opt. Commun. (3)

A. I. Sokolovskaya, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudryavtseva, Opt. Commun. 24, 74 (1978).
[Crossref]

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. L. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. P. Xuan, and G. Rivoire, Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
[Crossref]

A. Yariv, Opt. Commun. 21, 49 (1977).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Fujita, H. Nakasuka, H. Nakanishi, and M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 974 (1979).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

R. A. Fisher, ed., Optical Phase Conjugation (Academic, New York, 1983).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Linear absorption spectra of (a) a 1-mm-path ASPI dye solution in benzyl alcohol with a concentration of d0=0.0004 M/L and (b) a 1-mm-path pure solvent. The molecular chemical structure of ASPI is shown in the inset.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup to demonstrate the phase-conjugation property of frequency upconverted backward stimulated emission pumped by a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized spectral distributions of (a) the one-photon- (at 532 nm) induced fluorescence, (b) the two-photon- (at 1064 nm) induced fluorescence, and (c) the TPP (at 1064 nm) backward stimulated emission. The spectral resolution is 6 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized far-field intensity distribution profiles for (a) the input IR pump beam, (b) the forward upconverted stimulated-emission beam, and (c) the backward upconverted stimulated-emission beam. No aberration plate was introduced. The focal length for far-field focusing was 50 cm. The display resolution in the figure is 0.07 mm (or 0.13 mrad).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Same as Fig. 4, except that an aberration plate was used.

Metrics