Abstract

We have studied femtosecond pulse propagation in CdS quantum-dot-doped waveguides produced by the solgel and ion-exhange methods. The observed two-photon absorption and asymmetric spectral modulation of the transmitted pulses are explained by our theoretical model, which incorporates a near-resonant two-photon transition.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Peyghambarian, S. W. Koch, A. Mysyrowicz, Introduction to Semiconductor Optics (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993).
  2. R. K. Jain, R. C. Lind, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 647 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. F. Borelli, D. W. Hall, H. J. Holland, D. W. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Finlayson, W. C. Banyai, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, M. O’Neill, T. J. Cullen, C. N. Ironside, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 675 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. P. Banfi, V. Degiorgio, D. Fortusini, H. M. Tan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 13 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Cotter, M. G. Burt, R. J. Manning, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1200 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, S. H. Risbud, Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. M. Oak, K. S. Bindra, R. Chari, K. C. Rustagi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 613 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. D. Mackenzie, Y. Kao, Proc. SPIE 2145, 90 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. I. Najafi, ed., Introduction to Glass Integrated Optics (Artech, Norwood, Mass., 1992).
  11. D. Grischkowsky, M. M. T. Loy, P. F. Liao, Phys. Rev. A 12, 2514 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Meystre, M. Sargent, Elements of Quantum Optics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 148.
  13. Y. Z. Zhu, “Theory of electron-hole pair excitations in semiconductor quantum dots,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Arizona, Tucson, Ariz., 1991).
  14. L. Banyai, S. W. Koch, Semiconductor Quantum Dots (World Scientific, Singapore, 1993), p. 145.
  15. E. W. Van Stryland, M. A. Woodall, H. Vanherzeele, M. J. Soileau, Opt. Lett. 10, 490 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, C. Lin, H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1304 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (1)

G. P. Banfi, V. Degiorgio, D. Fortusini, H. M. Tan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. D. Mackenzie, Y. Kao, Proc. SPIE 2145, 90 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

S. M. Oak, K. S. Bindra, R. Chari, K. C. Rustagi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 613 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, C. Lin, H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1304 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

D. Cotter, M. G. Burt, R. J. Manning, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1200 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, S. H. Risbud, Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

N. F. Borelli, D. W. Hall, H. J. Holland, D. W. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1983 (1)

1975 (1)

D. Grischkowsky, M. M. T. Loy, P. F. Liao, Phys. Rev. A 12, 2514 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Banfi, G. P.

G. P. Banfi, V. Degiorgio, D. Fortusini, H. M. Tan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Banyai, L.

L. Banyai, S. W. Koch, Semiconductor Quantum Dots (World Scientific, Singapore, 1993), p. 145.

Banyai, W. C.

Bindra, K. S.

Borelli, N. F.

N. F. Borelli, D. W. Hall, H. J. Holland, D. W. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Burt, M. G.

D. Cotter, M. G. Burt, R. J. Manning, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1200 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chari, R.

Cotter, D.

D. Cotter, M. G. Burt, R. J. Manning, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1200 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cullen, T. J.

Degiorgio, V.

G. P. Banfi, V. Degiorgio, D. Fortusini, H. M. Tan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Finlayson, N.

Fortusini, D.

G. P. Banfi, V. Degiorgio, D. Fortusini, H. M. Tan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

D. Grischkowsky, M. M. T. Loy, P. F. Liao, Phys. Rev. A 12, 2514 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D. W.

N. F. Borelli, D. W. Hall, H. J. Holland, D. W. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Holland, H. J.

N. F. Borelli, D. W. Hall, H. J. Holland, D. W. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y. Z.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, S. H. Risbud, Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ironside, C. N.

Jain, R. K.

Kang, K. I.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, S. H. Risbud, Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kao, Y.

J. D. Mackenzie, Y. Kao, Proc. SPIE 2145, 90 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Koch, S. W.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, S. H. Risbud, Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. Peyghambarian, S. W. Koch, A. Mysyrowicz, Introduction to Semiconductor Optics (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993).

L. Banyai, S. W. Koch, Semiconductor Quantum Dots (World Scientific, Singapore, 1993), p. 145.

Liao, P. F.

D. Grischkowsky, M. M. T. Loy, P. F. Liao, Phys. Rev. A 12, 2514 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, C. Lin, H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1304 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, C. Lin, H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1304 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lind, R. C.

Liu, L. C.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, S. H. Risbud, Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Loy, M. M. T.

D. Grischkowsky, M. M. T. Loy, P. F. Liao, Phys. Rev. A 12, 2514 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Mackenzie, J. D.

J. D. Mackenzie, Y. Kao, Proc. SPIE 2145, 90 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Manning, R. J.

D. Cotter, M. G. Burt, R. J. Manning, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1200 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McGinnis, B. P.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, S. H. Risbud, Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Meystre, P.

P. Meystre, M. Sargent, Elements of Quantum Optics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 148.

Mysyrowicz, A.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, S. H. Risbud, Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. Peyghambarian, S. W. Koch, A. Mysyrowicz, Introduction to Semiconductor Optics (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993).

O’Neill, M.

Oak, S. M.

Peyghambarian, N.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, S. H. Risbud, Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. Peyghambarian, S. W. Koch, A. Mysyrowicz, Introduction to Semiconductor Optics (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993).

Risbud, S. H.

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, S. H. Risbud, Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rustagi, K. C.

Sandalphon,

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, S. H. Risbud, Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sargent, M.

P. Meystre, M. Sargent, Elements of Quantum Optics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 148.

Seaton, C. T.

Smith, D. W.

N. F. Borelli, D. W. Hall, H. J. Holland, D. W. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Soileau, M. J.

Stegeman, G. I.

Tan, H. M.

G. P. Banfi, V. Degiorgio, D. Fortusini, H. M. Tan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

Vanherzeele, H.

Villeneuve, A.

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, C. Lin, H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1304 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Woodall, M. A.

Yang, C. C.

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, C. Lin, H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1304 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. Z.

Y. Z. Zhu, “Theory of electron-hole pair excitations in semiconductor quantum dots,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Arizona, Tucson, Ariz., 1991).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. P. Banfi, V. Degiorgio, D. Fortusini, H. M. Tan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, C. Lin, H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1304 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

N. F. Borelli, D. W. Hall, H. J. Holland, D. W. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

D. Grischkowsky, M. M. T. Loy, P. F. Liao, Phys. Rev. A 12, 2514 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

K. I. Kang, B. P. McGinnis, Sandalphon, Y. Z. Hu, S. W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, A. Mysyrowicz, L. C. Liu, S. H. Risbud, Phys. Rev. B 45, 3465 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. Cotter, M. G. Burt, R. J. Manning, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1200 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. D. Mackenzie, Y. Kao, Proc. SPIE 2145, 90 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

S. I. Najafi, ed., Introduction to Glass Integrated Optics (Artech, Norwood, Mass., 1992).

N. Peyghambarian, S. W. Koch, A. Mysyrowicz, Introduction to Semiconductor Optics (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993).

P. Meystre, M. Sargent, Elements of Quantum Optics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 148.

Y. Z. Zhu, “Theory of electron-hole pair excitations in semiconductor quantum dots,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Arizona, Tucson, Ariz., 1991).

L. Banyai, S. W. Koch, Semiconductor Quantum Dots (World Scientific, Singapore, 1993), p. 145.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Nonlinear energy transmission versus input energy of the waveguides at 675 nm. The dots indicate data points for the CdS-doped waveguide, and the crosses are for the undoped waveguide. The solid curve is the theoretical transmission. The inset shows the linear absorption.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Experimental input (dashed curve) and output (solid curve) pulse cross correlations and (b) the corresponding experimental power spectra for Ein = 75 nJ in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Theoretical simulation of the input (dashed curve) and the output (solid curve) pulse cross correlations and (b) the corresponding power spectra.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ρ ˙ a b = - ( γ + i ω 2 ) ρ a b - i k a b E 2 ( t ) exp ( - 2 i ω t ) D ,
P ( 3 ) ( t ) = 2 N k a b * ρ a b ( t ) E * ( t ) exp ( 2 i ω t ) = 2 i N k a b 2 × 0 d τ exp [ - ( γ + i Δ ) τ ] E 2 ( t - τ ) E * ( t ) ,
2 i k ( z + 1 v g t ) E = - μ 0 ω 2 P ( 3 ) ,

Metrics