Abstract

We have developed a holographically produced master metallic grating that achieves >91% diffraction efficiency over the wavelength range 800–1100 nm and a maximum diffraction efficiency at 1053 nm greater than 93% when used with TM polarization near the Littrow angle. The near-uniform diffraction efficiency with laser wavelength makes this design attractive for use in chirped-pulse amplification systems employing Ti:sapphire, Cr:LiSAF, or Nd:glass and permits high-fidelity stretching and compression of extremely short (10-fs) pulses.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Kmetec, J. J. Macklin, J. F. Young, Opt. Lett. 16, 1001 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Sullivan, H. Hamster, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Gordon, W. White, N. Nathel, R. Blair, R. W. Falcone, Opt. Lett. 16, 1406 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Pessot, J. Squire, P. Bado, G. Mourou, D. Harter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 61 (1989); M. Pessot, J. Squire, G. Mourou, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 14, 797 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. Ditmire, M. D. Perry, Opt. Lett. 18, 426 (1993); T. Ditmire, H. Nguyen, M. D. Perry, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 580 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. Beaud, M. Richardson, E. Miesak, B. T. Chai, Opt. Lett. 18, 1550 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. D. Perry, F. G. Patterson, J. Weston, Opt. Lett. 15, 381 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 18, 214 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. D. Perry, G. Mourou, Science 264, 917 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. E. Loewen, Diffraction Grating Handbook, 2nd ed. (Milton Roy Corporation, Rochester, N.Y., 1994); M. C. Hutley, Diffraction Gratings (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990).
  12. R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. E. Decker, B. W. Shore, B. C. Stuart, M. D. Perry, L. Li, Appl. Opt. 34, 1697 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, B. W. Shore, Opt. Eng. 34, 474 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Li, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2581 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, E. Shults, L. Li, Opt. Lett. 20, 940 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

1994 (1)

M. D. Perry, G. Mourou, Science 264, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (4)

1991 (3)

1989 (1)

M. Pessot, J. Squire, P. Bado, G. Mourou, D. Harter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 61 (1989); M. Pessot, J. Squire, G. Mourou, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 14, 797 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Allais, I.

Bado, P.

M. Pessot, J. Squire, P. Bado, G. Mourou, D. Harter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 61 (1989); M. Pessot, J. Squire, G. Mourou, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 14, 797 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Beaud, P.

Blair, R.

Boyd, R. D.

Britten, J. A.

Chai, B. T.

Decker, D.

Decker, D. E.

Ditmire, T.

Falcone, R. W.

Gordon, S.

Hamster, H.

Harter, D.

M. Pessot, J. Squire, P. Bado, G. Mourou, D. Harter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 61 (1989); M. Pessot, J. Squire, G. Mourou, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 14, 797 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kmetec, J.

Li, L.

Loewen, E.

E. Loewen, Diffraction Grating Handbook, 2nd ed. (Milton Roy Corporation, Rochester, N.Y., 1994); M. C. Hutley, Diffraction Gratings (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990).

Macklin, J. J.

Maine, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mazataud, E.

Miesak, E.

Migus, A.

Mourou, G.

M. D. Perry, G. Mourou, Science 264, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 18, 214 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pessot, J. Squire, P. Bado, G. Mourou, D. Harter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 61 (1989); M. Pessot, J. Squire, G. Mourou, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 14, 797 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nathel, N.

Patterson, F. G.

Perry, M. D.

Pessot, M.

M. Pessot, J. Squire, P. Bado, G. Mourou, D. Harter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 61 (1989); M. Pessot, J. Squire, G. Mourou, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 14, 797 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pierre, A.

Richardson, M.

Rouyer, C.

Sauteret, C.

Seznec, S.

Shannon, C.

Shore, B. W.

Shults, E.

Squire, J.

M. Pessot, J. Squire, P. Bado, G. Mourou, D. Harter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 61 (1989); M. Pessot, J. Squire, G. Mourou, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 14, 797 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strickland, D.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

Sullivan, A.

Weston, J.

White, W.

Young, J. F.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Pessot, J. Squire, P. Bado, G. Mourou, D. Harter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 61 (1989); M. Pessot, J. Squire, G. Mourou, D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 14, 797 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, B. W. Shore, Opt. Eng. 34, 474 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Science (1)

M. D. Perry, G. Mourou, Science 264, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

E. Loewen, Diffraction Grating Handbook, 2nd ed. (Milton Roy Corporation, Rochester, N.Y., 1994); M. C. Hutley, Diffraction Gratings (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simulated grating profile representative of the profiles made by our process. The shape corresponds to P = 0.6 and n = 4 in Eq. (1).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated diffraction efficiency (m = −1 order) as a function of groove depth for the grating profile shown in Fig. 1, used in a Littrow mount and with TM polarization for wavelengths of 825 and 1053 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Grating groove profile measured by atomicforce microscopy (grating 7-27-1) and (b) discretized profiles used for numerical modeling. All lengths are in nanometers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Diffraction efficiency (m = −1 order, TM polarization) of a 15-cm-diameter 1480-line/mm Au master grating measured at wavelengths of 805, 830, 946, and 1053 nm (grating 7-27-1). The solid curve is the theoretical diffraction efficiency based on the profile of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Scanning photometry map of the m = −1 order diffraction efficiency of a 40-cm-wide 1480-line/mm diffraction grating. The measurements were made near the Littrow angle with 1047-nm TM-polarization light. The average diffraction efficiency, neglecting the upper and lower 5 cm of the grating, is 94.5% (grating 8-17-1).

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

h ( x ) = max { 0 , h max [ 1 - sin ( π x / d ) sin ( π P / 2 ) ] 2 n } ,
h max = C λ cos  θ ,
λ 2 d sin  θ .
h max λ = 0 ,             d = λ 2 .

Metrics