Abstract

We propose a novel optical device that can produce either an excitatory or an inhibitory optical output, depending on the state of the device. The state depends on the previous optical input. The device is expected to possess novel bistable characteristics useful for implementation of an all-optical neuron.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, V. B. Taranenko, M. V. Vasnetsov, in Optical Processing and Computing, A. Arsenault, ed. (Academic, New York, 1989), p. 103.
  2. D. Oesterhelt, C. Bräuchle, N. Hampp, Q. Rev. Biophys. 24, 425 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. N. Hampp, C. Bräuchle, D. Oesterhelt, Biophys. J. 58, 83 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. B. Fischer, O. Werner, M. Horowitz, A. Lewis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2729 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Q. W. Song, C. Zhang, R. Blumer, R. B. Gross, Z. Chen, R. R. Birge, Opt. Lett. 18, 1373 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. D. Downie, Appl. Opt. 33, 4353 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Zeisel, N. Hampp, J. Phys. Chem. 96, 7788 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Takei, N. Shimizu, Opt. Lett. 19, 248 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Takei, N. Shimizu, in Spatial Light Modulators and Applications, Vol. 9 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 118.
  10. U. Efron, Proc. SPIE 700, 132 (1986).
  11. D. G. Feitelson, Optical Computing (MIT Press, Boston, Mass., 1989).
  12. L. M. Ellerby, C. R. Nishida, F. Nishida, S. A. Yamanaka, B. Dunn, J. S. Valentine, J. I. Zink, Science 255, 1113 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. J. G. Kirkby, R. Cush, I. Bennion, Opt. Commun. 56, 288 (1985).
    [CrossRef]

1994

1993

1992

D. Zeisel, N. Hampp, J. Phys. Chem. 96, 7788 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Ellerby, C. R. Nishida, F. Nishida, S. A. Yamanaka, B. Dunn, J. S. Valentine, J. I. Zink, Science 255, 1113 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

B. Fischer, O. Werner, M. Horowitz, A. Lewis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2729 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Oesterhelt, C. Bräuchle, N. Hampp, Q. Rev. Biophys. 24, 425 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990

N. Hampp, C. Bräuchle, D. Oesterhelt, Biophys. J. 58, 83 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986

U. Efron, Proc. SPIE 700, 132 (1986).

1985

C. J. G. Kirkby, R. Cush, I. Bennion, Opt. Commun. 56, 288 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Bazhenov, V. Yu.

V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, V. B. Taranenko, M. V. Vasnetsov, in Optical Processing and Computing, A. Arsenault, ed. (Academic, New York, 1989), p. 103.

Bennion, I.

C. J. G. Kirkby, R. Cush, I. Bennion, Opt. Commun. 56, 288 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Birge, R. R.

Blumer, R.

Bräuchle, C.

D. Oesterhelt, C. Bräuchle, N. Hampp, Q. Rev. Biophys. 24, 425 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Hampp, C. Bräuchle, D. Oesterhelt, Biophys. J. 58, 83 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

Cush, R.

C. J. G. Kirkby, R. Cush, I. Bennion, Opt. Commun. 56, 288 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Downie, J. D.

Dunn, B.

L. M. Ellerby, C. R. Nishida, F. Nishida, S. A. Yamanaka, B. Dunn, J. S. Valentine, J. I. Zink, Science 255, 1113 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Efron, U.

U. Efron, Proc. SPIE 700, 132 (1986).

Ellerby, L. M.

L. M. Ellerby, C. R. Nishida, F. Nishida, S. A. Yamanaka, B. Dunn, J. S. Valentine, J. I. Zink, Science 255, 1113 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feitelson, D. G.

D. G. Feitelson, Optical Computing (MIT Press, Boston, Mass., 1989).

Fischer, B.

B. Fischer, O. Werner, M. Horowitz, A. Lewis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2729 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gross, R. B.

Hampp, N.

D. Zeisel, N. Hampp, J. Phys. Chem. 96, 7788 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Oesterhelt, C. Bräuchle, N. Hampp, Q. Rev. Biophys. 24, 425 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Hampp, C. Bräuchle, D. Oesterhelt, Biophys. J. 58, 83 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horowitz, M.

B. Fischer, O. Werner, M. Horowitz, A. Lewis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2729 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kirkby, C. J. G.

C. J. G. Kirkby, R. Cush, I. Bennion, Opt. Commun. 56, 288 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, A.

B. Fischer, O. Werner, M. Horowitz, A. Lewis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2729 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, C. R.

L. M. Ellerby, C. R. Nishida, F. Nishida, S. A. Yamanaka, B. Dunn, J. S. Valentine, J. I. Zink, Science 255, 1113 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishida, F.

L. M. Ellerby, C. R. Nishida, F. Nishida, S. A. Yamanaka, B. Dunn, J. S. Valentine, J. I. Zink, Science 255, 1113 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oesterhelt, D.

D. Oesterhelt, C. Bräuchle, N. Hampp, Q. Rev. Biophys. 24, 425 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Hampp, C. Bräuchle, D. Oesterhelt, Biophys. J. 58, 83 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimizu, N.

H. Takei, N. Shimizu, Opt. Lett. 19, 248 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takei, N. Shimizu, in Spatial Light Modulators and Applications, Vol. 9 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 118.

Song, Q. W.

Soskin, M. S.

V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, V. B. Taranenko, M. V. Vasnetsov, in Optical Processing and Computing, A. Arsenault, ed. (Academic, New York, 1989), p. 103.

Takei, H.

H. Takei, N. Shimizu, Opt. Lett. 19, 248 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takei, N. Shimizu, in Spatial Light Modulators and Applications, Vol. 9 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 118.

Taranenko, V. B.

V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, V. B. Taranenko, M. V. Vasnetsov, in Optical Processing and Computing, A. Arsenault, ed. (Academic, New York, 1989), p. 103.

Valentine, J. S.

L. M. Ellerby, C. R. Nishida, F. Nishida, S. A. Yamanaka, B. Dunn, J. S. Valentine, J. I. Zink, Science 255, 1113 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vasnetsov, M. V.

V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, V. B. Taranenko, M. V. Vasnetsov, in Optical Processing and Computing, A. Arsenault, ed. (Academic, New York, 1989), p. 103.

Werner, O.

B. Fischer, O. Werner, M. Horowitz, A. Lewis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2729 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, S. A.

L. M. Ellerby, C. R. Nishida, F. Nishida, S. A. Yamanaka, B. Dunn, J. S. Valentine, J. I. Zink, Science 255, 1113 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeisel, D.

D. Zeisel, N. Hampp, J. Phys. Chem. 96, 7788 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

Zink, J. I.

L. M. Ellerby, C. R. Nishida, F. Nishida, S. A. Yamanaka, B. Dunn, J. S. Valentine, J. I. Zink, Science 255, 1113 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

B. Fischer, O. Werner, M. Horowitz, A. Lewis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2729 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Biophys. J.

N. Hampp, C. Bräuchle, D. Oesterhelt, Biophys. J. 58, 83 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem.

D. Zeisel, N. Hampp, J. Phys. Chem. 96, 7788 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

C. J. G. Kirkby, R. Cush, I. Bennion, Opt. Commun. 56, 288 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

U. Efron, Proc. SPIE 700, 132 (1986).

Q. Rev. Biophys.

D. Oesterhelt, C. Bräuchle, N. Hampp, Q. Rev. Biophys. 24, 425 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

L. M. Ellerby, C. R. Nishida, F. Nishida, S. A. Yamanaka, B. Dunn, J. S. Valentine, J. I. Zink, Science 255, 1113 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

D. G. Feitelson, Optical Computing (MIT Press, Boston, Mass., 1989).

V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, V. B. Taranenko, M. V. Vasnetsov, in Optical Processing and Computing, A. Arsenault, ed. (Academic, New York, 1989), p. 103.

H. Takei, N. Shimizu, in Spatial Light Modulators and Applications, Vol. 9 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 118.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectra of the B and M states.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for measuring photoinduced phase shifts: BE’s, beam expanders; DM, dichroic mirror; VF’s, variable filters; M’s, mirrors.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phase shifts induced at 633 and 442 nm on the complete photochemical transition between the B and M states. The signs of the phase shifts are opposite; the phase decreases at 633 nm and increases at 442 nm during the B-to-M transition.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Change in the transmission characteristics of the Fabry–Perot cavity on the photochemical reaction of the bR film in the cavity. The cavity transmits 442-nm light selectively when the film is in the B state. On the formation of the M state, it selectively transmits 633-nm light.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Demonstration of the proposed transmission characteristics. (a) The cavity gap is set to display two adjacent fringes at 633 and 442 nm. (b) On local photochemical reaction resulting in formation of the M state, the refractive index changes at both wavelengths, which results in crossing of the two fringes. The circled region thus transmits 442-nm light in the B state and on M formation transmits 633-nm light.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Photographs demonstrating the crossing of fringes of two different wavelengths. In the top photograph 633- and 442-nm fringes are adjacent. In the bottom photograph the fringes cross each other in the region of the M formation.

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