Abstract

We demonstrate the quality factor Q = (0.8 ± 0.1) × 1010 of whispering-gallery modes in fused-silica microspheres at 633 nm, close to the ultimate level determined by fundamental material attenuation as measured in optical fibers. The lifetime of ultimate Q is limited by adsorption of atmospheric water. Monitoring of adsorption kinetics with submonolayer sensitivity by Q factors and frequencies of whispering-gallery modes is demonstrated. The possibility of supermaterial Q’s owing to intrinsic suppression of scattering losses in micropheres is discussed.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Rayleigh scattering in high-Q microspheres

Michael L. Gorodetsky, Andrew D. Pryamikov, and Vladimir S. Ilchenko
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(6) 1051-1057 (2000)

Optimization of whispering gallery resonator design for biosensing applications

T. Reynolds, M. R. Henderson, A. François, N. Riesen, J. M. M. Hall, S. V. Afshar, S. J. Nicholls, and T. M. Monro
Opt. Express 23(13) 17067-17076 (2015)

Nonstationary nonlinear effects in optical microspheres

Alexey E. Fomin, Michael L. Gorodetsky, Ivan S. Grudinin, and Vladimir S. Ilchenko
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(2) 459-465 (2005)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. B. Braginsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 32, 36 (1987).
  2. V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  3. V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Proc. SPIE 2097, 283 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  4. H. Mabuchi and H. J. Kimble, Opt. Lett. 19, 749 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguine, M. Brune, J. M. Raimonde, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  6. K. H. Guenter and P. G. Wierer, Proc. SPIE 401, 266 (1983).
  7. D. A. Pinnow, T. C. Rich, F. W. Ostermayer, and M. DiDomenico, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 527 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  9. T. M. Burkat, D. P. Dobychin, and L. G. Paltiel, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 310, 376 (1990).
  10. A. W. Adamson, Physical Chemistry of Surfaces (Wiley, New York, 1977).
  11. M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).
  12. D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 20, 1835 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

1994 (2)

H. Mabuchi and H. J. Kimble, Opt. Lett. 19, 749 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Proc. SPIE 2097, 283 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguine, M. Brune, J. M. Raimonde, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).

1990 (1)

T. M. Burkat, D. P. Dobychin, and L. G. Paltiel, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 310, 376 (1990).

1989 (1)

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

V. B. Braginsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 32, 36 (1987).

1983 (1)

K. H. Guenter and P. G. Wierer, Proc. SPIE 401, 266 (1983).

1973 (1)

D. A. Pinnow, T. C. Rich, F. W. Ostermayer, and M. DiDomenico, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 527 (1973).
[Crossref]

Adamson, A. W.

A. W. Adamson, Physical Chemistry of Surfaces (Wiley, New York, 1977).

Braginsky, V. B.

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Proc. SPIE 2097, 283 (1993).
[Crossref]

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[Crossref]

V. B. Braginsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 32, 36 (1987).

Brune, M.

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguine, M. Brune, J. M. Raimonde, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[Crossref]

Burkat, T. M.

T. M. Burkat, D. P. Dobychin, and L. G. Paltiel, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 310, 376 (1990).

Collot, L.

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguine, M. Brune, J. M. Raimonde, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[Crossref]

DiDomenico, M.

D. A. Pinnow, T. C. Rich, F. W. Ostermayer, and M. DiDomenico, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 527 (1973).
[Crossref]

Dobychin, D. P.

T. M. Burkat, D. P. Dobychin, and L. G. Paltiel, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 310, 376 (1990).

Gorodetsky, M. L.

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).
[Crossref]

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Proc. SPIE 2097, 283 (1993).
[Crossref]

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[Crossref]

Guenter, K. H.

K. H. Guenter and P. G. Wierer, Proc. SPIE 401, 266 (1983).

Hare, J.

Haroche, S.

D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 20, 1835 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguine, M. Brune, J. M. Raimonde, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ilchenko, V. S.

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).
[Crossref]

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Proc. SPIE 2097, 283 (1993).
[Crossref]

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[Crossref]

V. B. Braginsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 32, 36 (1987).

Kimble, H. J.

Lefevre-Seguin, V.

Lefevre-Seguine, V.

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguine, M. Brune, J. M. Raimonde, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[Crossref]

Mabuchi, H.

Ostermayer, F. W.

D. A. Pinnow, T. C. Rich, F. W. Ostermayer, and M. DiDomenico, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 527 (1973).
[Crossref]

Paltiel, L. G.

T. M. Burkat, D. P. Dobychin, and L. G. Paltiel, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 310, 376 (1990).

Pinnow, D. A.

D. A. Pinnow, T. C. Rich, F. W. Ostermayer, and M. DiDomenico, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 527 (1973).
[Crossref]

Raimond, J.-M.

Raimonde, J. M.

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguine, M. Brune, J. M. Raimonde, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[Crossref]

Rich, T. C.

D. A. Pinnow, T. C. Rich, F. W. Ostermayer, and M. DiDomenico, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 527 (1973).
[Crossref]

Sandoghdar, V.

Weiss, D. S.

Wierer, P. G.

K. H. Guenter and P. G. Wierer, Proc. SPIE 401, 266 (1983).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. A. Pinnow, T. C. Rich, F. W. Ostermayer, and M. DiDomenico, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 527 (1973).
[Crossref]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguine, M. Brune, J. M. Raimonde, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Proc. SPIE 2097, 283 (1993).
[Crossref]

K. H. Guenter and P. G. Wierer, Proc. SPIE 401, 266 (1983).

Sov. Phys. Dokl. (2)

V. B. Braginsky and V. S. Ilchenko, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 32, 36 (1987).

T. M. Burkat, D. P. Dobychin, and L. G. Paltiel, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 310, 376 (1990).

Other (1)

A. W. Adamson, Physical Chemistry of Surfaces (Wiley, New York, 1977).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Mode energy damping curve for a WG mode in a 750-μm sphere. Estimated damping time τ = 2.7 μs; λ = 633 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a), (b) Effect of adsorption of atmospheric water on the damping time and (c) frequency of a WG mode in a 750-μm microsphere. (b) Illustrates the effect of 30-s bakeout at 400 °C.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Q - 1 = Q rad - 1 + Q s . s. - 1 + Q cont - 1 + Q mat - 1 ,
Q s . s . = λ 2 D 2 π 2 σ 2 B ,
Q mat = 2 π n α λ 0.9 × 10 10 .
δ = Δ ν ν n ads 2 - 1 n sil 2 - 1 D 2 ( Δ ν [ MHz ] 800 ) [ nm ] ,

Metrics