Abstract

The acoustic interaction of optical pulses in optical fibers is investigated directly by time-resolved pump– probe measurements of the transmission of a fiber Sagnac-loop interferometer. Resonant enhancement of the refractive-index change δnac induced by the acoustic waves is observed when the repetition frequency of the pulse train is close to a vibrational eigenfrequency of the fiber. For standard fiber δnac is enhanced by a factor of ~3 at the 465-MHz eigenmode frequency, and this factor increases to ~10 when the polymer jacket is removed from the fiber. The guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering spectrum that arises from spontaneous thermal excitation of the acoustic eigenmodes of the fibers is also measured. The results suggest that the resonant enhancement of δnac is limited by dampling that is due to the polymer jacket and by inhomogeneous broadening that is due to fiber diameter variations.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. Smith, L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 14, 1284 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Opt. Lett. 15, 314 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).
  4. E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).
  6. R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, M. J. Neubelt, Opt. Lett. 19, 704 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 20, 189 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. N. Pilipetskii, E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 20, 907 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper JTuA4.
  11. P. D. Townsend, A. J. Poustie, P. J. Hardman, K. J. Blow, Opt. Lett. 21, 333 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. J. Poustie, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 691 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

1996

1995

1994

1993

A. J. Poustie, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 691 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).

1992

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

1990

1989

1985

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Bayer, P. W.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Opt. Lett. 15, 314 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Golovchenko, E. A.

Gray, S.

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 20, 189 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper JTuA4.

Grudinin, A. B.

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 20, 189 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper JTuA4.

Hardman, P. J.

Levenson, M. D.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 20, 189 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper JTuA4.

Luchnikov, A. V.

A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Opt. Lett. 15, 314 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mamyshev, P. V.

Menyuk, C. R.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Neubelt, M. J.

Payne, D. N.

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 20, 189 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper JTuA4.

Pilipetskii, A. N.

A. N. Pilipetskii, E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 20, 907 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Opt. Lett. 15, 314 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poustie, A. J.

Prokhorov, A. M.

A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K.

Starodumov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Opt. Lett. 15, 314 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Townsend, P. D.

Appl. Phys. B

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Lightwave Commun.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).

Other

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper JTuA4.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Relative contribution of each vibrational eigenmode to the total induced index change for pulse repetition rates of 130 MHz (open columns) and 465 MHz (filled columns).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Solid curve, the temporal response of δnac measured with a pulse repetition frequency of 130 MHz, where the XPM peak at zero time has been removed for clarity. Dashed curve, the results of a summation calculation with the impulse response function for an isolated pulse.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Solid curve, the temporal response of δnac measured with a pulse repetition frequency of 465 MHz, where the XPM peak at zero time has been removed for clarity. Dashed curve, the results of a summation calculation with the impulse response function for an isolated pulse.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Amplitude of the acoustic response δnac measured as a function of frequency for 1 km of jacketed fiber (open squares) and 100 m of unjacketed fiber (filled circles). The polarized GAWBS spectrum for each fiber sample is also shown normalized to the peak δnac value by the corresponding curve.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

δ n m ( t ) = A B m C m exp ( - Γ m t ) sin ( Ω m t ) Ω m [ 1 - 2 exp ( - Γ m T ) cos ( Ω m T ) + exp ( - 2 Γ m T ) ] ,

Metrics