Abstract

The reduction of the soliton interaction by use of optical sliding-frequency second-order Butterworth filters is studied numerically. It is found that the second-order Butterworth filters can reduce the soliton interaction more effectively than Fabry–Perot filters or third-order Butterworth filters because the second-order Butterworth filter induces larger frequency chirping on the soliton, compressing it as it propagates in the fiber after the filter.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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1995

1994

M. Suzuki, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, H. Tanada, S. Yamamoto, S. Akiba, Electron. Lett. 30, 1083 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

L. F. Mollenauer, E. Lichtman, M. J. Neubelt, G. T. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 29, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kodama, S. Wabnitz, Opt. Lett. 18, 1311 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

1991

1986

1983

P. L. Chu, C. Desem, Electron. Lett. 19, 956 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Akiba, S.

M. Suzuki, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, H. Tanada, S. Yamamoto, S. Akiba, Electron. Lett. 30, 1083 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

Chu, P. L.

P. L. Chu, C. Desem, Electron. Lett. 19, 956 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Desem, C.

P. L. Chu, C. Desem, Electron. Lett. 19, 956 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Dung, J. C.

Edagawa, N.

M. Suzuki, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, H. Tanada, S. Yamamoto, S. Akiba, Electron. Lett. 30, 1083 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Evangelides, S. G.

Golovchenko, E. A.

Gordon, J. P.

Harvey, G. T.

L. F. Mollenauer, E. Lichtman, M. J. Neubelt, G. T. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 29, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, A.

Haus, H. A.

Kodama, Y.

Lai, Y.

Lichtman, E.

L. F. Mollenauer, E. Lichtman, M. J. Neubelt, G. T. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 29, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mecozzi, A.

Menyuk, C. R.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Moores, J. D.

Neubelt, M. J.

L. F. Mollenauer, E. Lichtman, M. J. Neubelt, G. T. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 29, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pilipetskii, A. N.

Suzuki, M.

M. Suzuki, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, H. Tanada, S. Yamamoto, S. Akiba, Electron. Lett. 30, 1083 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Taga, H.

M. Suzuki, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, H. Tanada, S. Yamamoto, S. Akiba, Electron. Lett. 30, 1083 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tanada, H.

M. Suzuki, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, H. Tanada, S. Yamamoto, S. Akiba, Electron. Lett. 30, 1083 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wabnitz, S.

Y. Kodama, S. Wabnitz, Opt. Lett. 18, 1311 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kodama, S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 27, 1931 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wen, S.

Yamamoto, S.

M. Suzuki, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, H. Tanada, S. Yamamoto, S. Akiba, Electron. Lett. 30, 1083 (1994).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Power evolution of a soliton bit stream along the fiber with the sliding-frequency FPF. The filter bandwidth is 150 GHz, and the up-sliding rate is 4 GHz/Mm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power evolution of a soliton bit stream along the fiber with the sliding-frequency second-order BWF for the same filter bandwidth and sliding rate as in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Frequency chirpings of the soliton pulse at 2.1 Mm just after the filter for the sliding-frequency FPF, the second-order BWF, and the third-order BWF. TW = 20 ps is the pulse width.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Extra gain versus distance to compensate for the filter loss for the sliding-frequency second-order BWF and the FPF.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Evolutions of the standard deviation of the timing jitter of the solitons for the up-sliding FPF(Δ), the second-order BWF(◇), and the third-order BWF(☐) and for the zigzag-sliding FPF(*) and the second-order BWF (×).

Equations (2)

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i U z 1 2 β 2 2 U τ 2 i 1 6 β 3 3 U τ 3 + n 2 β 0 | U | 2 U c r U τ | U | 2 = 1 2 i α U ,
H ( Ω Ω f ) = 1 1 + i [ 2 B ( Ω Ω f ) ] m .

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