Abstract

Long-period fiber gratings are used to flatten the gain spectrum of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers. A broadband amplifier with <0.2-dB gain variation over 30 nm is presented. We also show that a chain of amplifiers can be equalized, leading to a bandwidth enhancement by a factor of 3.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, K. C. Reichmann, P. D. Magill, J. A. Nagel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 428 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Grasso, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, P. Scrivener, P. Turner, P. Maton, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper FA3.
  3. M. Tachibana, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 118 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Wilkinson, A. Bebbington, S. A. Cassidy, P. McKee, Electron. Lett. 28, 131 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Kashyap, R. Wyatt, F. McKee, Electron. Lett. 29, 1025 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Erdogan, J. E. Sipe, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Waveguides: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PMC3.
  7. A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erodogan, J. E. Sipe, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), postdeadline paper PD4 ; J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
  8. S. G. Grubb, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper TuJ1.
  9. A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, V. Bhatia, J. B. Judkins, in Proceedings of Tenth International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communications (Chinese University Press, Hong Kong, 1995), postdeadline paper PD1-2.
  10. K. O. Hill, M. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. J. Lemaire, T. Erdogan, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Waveguides: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper SuA4.
  13. N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

1993 (2)

A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, K. C. Reichmann, P. D. Magill, J. A. Nagel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 428 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Kashyap, R. Wyatt, F. McKee, Electron. Lett. 29, 1025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. Wilkinson, A. Bebbington, S. A. Cassidy, P. McKee, Electron. Lett. 28, 131 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Tachibana, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

K. O. Hill, M. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bebbington, A.

M. Wilkinson, A. Bebbington, S. A. Cassidy, P. McKee, Electron. Lett. 28, 131 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bergano, N. S.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

Bhatia, V.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erodogan, J. E. Sipe, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), postdeadline paper PD4 ; J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, V. Bhatia, J. B. Judkins, in Proceedings of Tenth International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communications (Chinese University Press, Hong Kong, 1995), postdeadline paper PD1-2.

Bilodeau, F.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, M. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cassidy, S. A.

M. Wilkinson, A. Bebbington, S. A. Cassidy, P. McKee, Electron. Lett. 28, 131 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, K. C. Reichmann, P. D. Magill, J. A. Nagel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 428 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Corbett, P. C.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

Darcie, J. M.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

Davidson, C. R.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, J. E. Sipe, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Waveguides: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PMC3.

P. J. Lemaire, T. Erdogan, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Waveguides: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper SuA4.

Erodogan, T.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erodogan, J. E. Sipe, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), postdeadline paper PD4 ; J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).

Evangelides, S. G.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

Evankow, J. D.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

Ferguson, G. A.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

Fontana, F.

G. Grasso, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, P. Scrivener, P. Turner, P. Maton, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper FA3.

Grasso, G.

G. Grasso, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, P. Scrivener, P. Turner, P. Maton, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper FA3.

Grubb, S. G.

S. G. Grubb, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper TuJ1.

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, M. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jacobovitz-Veselka, G.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, V. Bhatia, J. B. Judkins, in Proceedings of Tenth International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communications (Chinese University Press, Hong Kong, 1995), postdeadline paper PD1-2.

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, M. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erodogan, J. E. Sipe, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), postdeadline paper PD4 ; J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, V. Bhatia, J. B. Judkins, in Proceedings of Tenth International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communications (Chinese University Press, Hong Kong, 1995), postdeadline paper PD1-2.

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, R. Wyatt, F. McKee, Electron. Lett. 29, 1025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

M. Tachibana, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erodogan, J. E. Sipe, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), postdeadline paper PD4 ; J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).

P. J. Lemaire, T. Erdogan, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Waveguides: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper SuA4.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, V. Bhatia, J. B. Judkins, in Proceedings of Tenth International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communications (Chinese University Press, Hong Kong, 1995), postdeadline paper PD1-2.

Lucero, A. J.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

Ma, M.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

Magill, P. D.

A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, K. C. Reichmann, P. D. Magill, J. A. Nagel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 428 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Malo, B.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Malo, M.

K. O. Hill, M. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Maton, P.

G. Grasso, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, P. Scrivener, P. Turner, P. Maton, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper FA3.

McKee, F.

R. Kashyap, R. Wyatt, F. McKee, Electron. Lett. 29, 1025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

McKee, P.

M. Wilkinson, A. Bebbington, S. A. Cassidy, P. McKee, Electron. Lett. 28, 131 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mills, M. A.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

Morkel, P. R.

M. Tachibana, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, J. A.

A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, K. C. Reichmann, P. D. Magill, J. A. Nagel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 428 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

Nyman, B. M.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

Payne, D. N.

M. Tachibana, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pedrazzani, J. R.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

Reichmann, K. C.

A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, K. C. Reichmann, P. D. Magill, J. A. Nagel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 428 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Righetti, A.

G. Grasso, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, P. Scrivener, P. Turner, P. Maton, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper FA3.

Scrivener, P.

G. Grasso, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, P. Scrivener, P. Turner, P. Maton, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper FA3.

Sipe, J. E.

T. Erdogan, J. E. Sipe, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Waveguides: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PMC3.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erodogan, J. E. Sipe, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), postdeadline paper PD4 ; J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).

Skinner, I.

K. O. Hill, M. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sulhoff, J. W.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

Tachibana, M.

M. Tachibana, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, K. C. Reichmann, P. D. Magill, J. A. Nagel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 428 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P.

G. Grasso, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, P. Scrivener, P. Turner, P. Maton, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper FA3.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erodogan, J. E. Sipe, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), postdeadline paper PD4 ; J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, V. Bhatia, J. B. Judkins, in Proceedings of Tenth International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communications (Chinese University Press, Hong Kong, 1995), postdeadline paper PD1-2.

Vineberg, K. A.

K. O. Hill, M. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, M.

M. Wilkinson, A. Bebbington, S. A. Cassidy, P. McKee, Electron. Lett. 28, 131 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R.

R. Kashyap, R. Wyatt, F. McKee, Electron. Lett. 29, 1025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zyskind, J. L.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

Electron. Lett. (4)

M. Wilkinson, A. Bebbington, S. A. Cassidy, P. McKee, Electron. Lett. 28, 131 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Kashyap, R. Wyatt, F. McKee, Electron. Lett. 29, 1025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, M. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, K. C. Reichmann, P. D. Magill, J. A. Nagel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 428 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Tachibana, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

G. Grasso, F. Fontana, A. Righetti, P. Scrivener, P. Turner, P. Maton, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper FA3.

P. J. Lemaire, T. Erdogan, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Waveguides: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper SuA4.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, A. M. Vengsarkar, B. M. Nyman, S. G. Evangelides, J. M. Darcie, M. Ma, J. D. Evankow, P. C. Corbett, M. A. Mills, G. A. Ferguson, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. A. Nagel, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IMEC, Gent, Belgium, 1995), postdeadline paper ThA3.1.

T. Erdogan, J. E. Sipe, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Waveguides: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PMC3.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erodogan, J. E. Sipe, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), postdeadline paper PD4 ; J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).

S. G. Grubb, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper TuJ1.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, V. Bhatia, J. B. Judkins, in Proceedings of Tenth International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communications (Chinese University Press, Hong Kong, 1995), postdeadline paper PD1-2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Theoretical determination of the relationship between grating periodicity and wavelengths where guided-to-cladding mode coupling takes place for an AT&T dispersion-shifted fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectrum of a long-period grating at 1-min intervals.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Gain-flattening filter data. Filled circles, inverted erbium spectrum; solid curve, transmission spectrum of two concatenated filters.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Inverted erbium gain spectrum (solid curve) for a chain of amplifiers and the transmission spectrum (dashed curve) of a single filter.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transmission bandwidth of a chain of amplifiers with (filled circles) and without (solid curve) the gain equalizer.

Equations (1)

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n co n cl ( p ) = λ Λ ( p ) ,

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