Abstract

We study experimentally steady-state photorefractive screening solitons trapped in both transverse dimensions and measure their beam profiles as they propagate throughout the crystal. The solitons are observed to be axially symmetric, and they self-bend. We characterize the soliton dependence on the optical intensity, applied electric-field strength, and beam diameter.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993); 74, 1978 (1995) .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, M. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994 ); M. Taya, M. Bashaw, M. M. Fejer, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3095 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994 );M. Segev, M. Shih, G. C. Valley, “Photorefractive screening solitons of high and low intensity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. R. Singh, D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Commun. 118, 569 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, P. DePorto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. The Gaussian beam here diffracts from 10 to 57 μm FWHM after 5.5 mm in a crystal, which corresponds to diffraction from 16.7 to 94 μm at the 1/e points. The diffracted value in Ref. 6 (≈100 μm) is 60 μm FWHM.
  9. Self-bending was first predicted for Kerr media byA. E. Kaplan, JETP Lett. 9, 59 (1969).
  10. A. A. Zozulya, D. Z. Anderson, Opt. Lett. 20, 837 (1995 );Phys. Rev. A 51, 1520 (1995);in Digest of Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper TC4.
  11. D. Burak, W. Nasalski, Appl. Opt. 33, 6393 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. M. Gomez, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, in Digest of Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper TC2.

1995 (3)

S. R. Singh, D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Commun. 118, 569 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, P. DePorto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Zozulya, D. Z. Anderson, Opt. Lett. 20, 837 (1995 );Phys. Rev. A 51, 1520 (1995);in Digest of Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper TC4.

1994 (4)

D. Burak, W. Nasalski, Appl. Opt. 33, 6393 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, M. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994 ); M. Taya, M. Bashaw, M. M. Fejer, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3095 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994 );M. Segev, M. Shih, G. C. Valley, “Photorefractive screening solitons of high and low intensity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

G. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993); 74, 1978 (1995) .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1969 (1)

Self-bending was first predicted for Kerr media byA. E. Kaplan, JETP Lett. 9, 59 (1969).

Anderson, D. Z.

Bashaw, M.

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, M. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994 ); M. Taya, M. Bashaw, M. M. Fejer, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3095 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burak, D.

Christodoulides, D. N.

S. R. Singh, D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Commun. 118, 569 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Crosignani, B.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, P. DePorto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994 );M. Segev, M. Shih, G. C. Valley, “Photorefractive screening solitons of high and low intensity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, M. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994 ); M. Taya, M. Bashaw, M. M. Fejer, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3095 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993); 74, 1978 (1995) .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DePorto, P.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, P. DePorto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

DiPorto, P.

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994 );M. Segev, M. Shih, G. C. Valley, “Photorefractive screening solitons of high and low intensity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993); 74, 1978 (1995) .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duree, G.

G. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993); 74, 1978 (1995) .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fejer, M. M.

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, M. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994 ); M. Taya, M. Bashaw, M. M. Fejer, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3095 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fischer, B.

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gomez, C. M.

C. M. Gomez, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, in Digest of Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper TC2.

Iturbe-Castillo, M. D.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, A. E.

Self-bending was first predicted for Kerr media byA. E. Kaplan, JETP Lett. 9, 59 (1969).

Marquez-Aguilar, P. A.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Gomez, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, in Digest of Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper TC2.

Nasalski, W.

Neurgaonkar, R. R.

G. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993); 74, 1978 (1995) .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salamo, G.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, P. DePorto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993); 74, 1978 (1995) .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanchez-Mondragon, J. J.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Gomez, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, in Digest of Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper TC2.

Segev, M.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, P. DePorto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994 );M. Segev, M. Shih, G. C. Valley, “Photorefractive screening solitons of high and low intensity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, M. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994 ); M. Taya, M. Bashaw, M. M. Fejer, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3095 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993); 74, 1978 (1995) .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharp, E.

G. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993); 74, 1978 (1995) .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, M.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, P. DePorto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shultz, J. L.

G. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993); 74, 1978 (1995) .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Singh, S. R.

S. R. Singh, D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Commun. 118, 569 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, S.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Gomez, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, in Digest of Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper TC2.

Valley, G. C.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, P. DePorto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994 );M. Segev, M. Shih, G. C. Valley, “Photorefractive screening solitons of high and low intensity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, M. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994 ); M. Taya, M. Bashaw, M. M. Fejer, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3095 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vysloukh, V.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Gomez, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, in Digest of Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper TC2.

Yariv, A.

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, M. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994 ); M. Taya, M. Bashaw, M. M. Fejer, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3095 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994 );M. Segev, M. Shih, G. C. Valley, “Photorefractive screening solitons of high and low intensity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993); 74, 1978 (1995) .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zozulya, A. A.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, P. DePorto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

Self-bending was first predicted for Kerr media byA. E. Kaplan, JETP Lett. 9, 59 (1969).

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. R. Singh, D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Commun. 118, 569 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, M. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994 ); M. Taya, M. Bashaw, M. M. Fejer, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3095 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994 );M. Segev, M. Shih, G. C. Valley, “Photorefractive screening solitons of high and low intensity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993); 74, 1978 (1995) .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

The Gaussian beam here diffracts from 10 to 57 μm FWHM after 5.5 mm in a crystal, which corresponds to diffraction from 16.7 to 94 μm at the 1/e points. The diffracted value in Ref. 6 (≈100 μm) is 60 μm FWHM.

C. M. Gomez, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, in Digest of Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper TC2.

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