The mapping of complex-valued functions onto phase-only spatial light modulators is examined. Random phase encoding effectively adds amplitude control to the phase-only filter and can be used to trade off systematic errors of the phase-only filter for random errors. This is illustrated for the problem of recognizing a three-dimensional object from arbitrary views. The complex-valued composite filters that constitute a filter bank design are encoded by phase-only and pseudorandom methods. The best recognition probabilities are achieved by blending the two methods so that only the smallest amplitudes are randomly encoded.
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