Abstract

An optically pumped surface-normal optical amplifier with a 100-period InGaAs/InGaAlAs multiple quantum well is fabricated, and a signal gain exceeding 2 dB is observed for what we believe to be the first time. A laser diode with the wavelength λ of 1.45 μm is used for pumping. An optical single-pass gain as high as 2.4 dB is obtained at λ = 1.585 μm with 65-mW pumping (spot diameter 12 μm).

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Kawakami, O. Hanaizumi, T. Satoin Technical Digest of IEICE Optoelectronics Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Japan, 1994), paper 14A2-5.
  2. K. Igain Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 9 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper ITuG1.
  3. T. Irie, K. Shiraishi, T. Sato, R. Kasahara, S. Kawakamiin Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper TuJ4.
  4. Y. Ohtera, T. Chiba, S. Kawakamiin Digest of 21st European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paperTu.B.2.5.
  5. T. Saitoh, T. MukaiIEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1010 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Magari, M. Okamoto, Y. Suzuki, K. Sato, Y. Noguchi, O. MikamiIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 695 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Takano, T. Kanetaka, M. Suzuki, M. Aoki, H. InoueIEICE Tech. Rep. LQE95-19 (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Japan, 1995), p. 19.
  8. R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Tombling, T. Saitoh, T. MukaiIEICE Tech. Rep. 0QE91-145 (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Chiba, Japan, 1991), p. 79.
  10. M. Ohashi, S. Hamasaka, M. Kushibe, S. Nunoue, G. Hatakoshi, M. Nakamurain Technical Digest of International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication ( Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper ThD3-5.
  11. J. W. Matthews, A. E. BlakesleeJ. Cryst. Growth 27, 118 (1974).

1994 (1)

K. Magari, M. Okamoto, Y. Suzuki, K. Sato, Y. Noguchi, O. MikamiIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 695 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

T. Saitoh, T. MukaiIEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1010 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

J. W. Matthews, A. E. BlakesleeJ. Cryst. Growth 27, 118 (1974).

Alferness, R. C.

R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Aoki, M.

H. Takano, T. Kanetaka, M. Suzuki, M. Aoki, H. InoueIEICE Tech. Rep. LQE95-19 (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Japan, 1995), p. 19.

Blakeslee, A. E.

J. W. Matthews, A. E. BlakesleeJ. Cryst. Growth 27, 118 (1974).

Buhl, L. L.

R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Burrus, C. A.

R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chiba, T.

Y. Ohtera, T. Chiba, S. Kawakamiin Digest of 21st European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paperTu.B.2.5.

Gnall, R. P.

R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hamasaka, S.

M. Ohashi, S. Hamasaka, M. Kushibe, S. Nunoue, G. Hatakoshi, M. Nakamurain Technical Digest of International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication ( Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper ThD3-5.

Hanaizumi, O.

S. Kawakami, O. Hanaizumi, T. Satoin Technical Digest of IEICE Optoelectronics Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Japan, 1994), paper 14A2-5.

Hatakoshi, G.

M. Ohashi, S. Hamasaka, M. Kushibe, S. Nunoue, G. Hatakoshi, M. Nakamurain Technical Digest of International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication ( Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper ThD3-5.

Hernandez-Gil, F.

R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Iga, K.

K. Igain Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 9 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper ITuG1.

Inoue, H.

H. Takano, T. Kanetaka, M. Suzuki, M. Aoki, H. InoueIEICE Tech. Rep. LQE95-19 (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Japan, 1995), p. 19.

Irie, T.

T. Irie, K. Shiraishi, T. Sato, R. Kasahara, S. Kawakamiin Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper TuJ4.

Kanetaka, T.

H. Takano, T. Kanetaka, M. Suzuki, M. Aoki, H. InoueIEICE Tech. Rep. LQE95-19 (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Japan, 1995), p. 19.

Kasahara, R.

T. Irie, K. Shiraishi, T. Sato, R. Kasahara, S. Kawakamiin Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper TuJ4.

Kawakami, S.

T. Irie, K. Shiraishi, T. Sato, R. Kasahara, S. Kawakamiin Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper TuJ4.

S. Kawakami, O. Hanaizumi, T. Satoin Technical Digest of IEICE Optoelectronics Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Japan, 1994), paper 14A2-5.

Y. Ohtera, T. Chiba, S. Kawakamiin Digest of 21st European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paperTu.B.2.5.

Kim, I.

R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Koch, T. L.

R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Koren, U.

R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kushibe, M.

M. Ohashi, S. Hamasaka, M. Kushibe, S. Nunoue, G. Hatakoshi, M. Nakamurain Technical Digest of International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication ( Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper ThD3-5.

Magari, K.

K. Magari, M. Okamoto, Y. Suzuki, K. Sato, Y. Noguchi, O. MikamiIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 695 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, J. W.

J. W. Matthews, A. E. BlakesleeJ. Cryst. Growth 27, 118 (1974).

Mikami, O.

K. Magari, M. Okamoto, Y. Suzuki, K. Sato, Y. Noguchi, O. MikamiIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 695 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Miller, B. I.

R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

T. Saitoh, T. MukaiIEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1010 (1987).
[CrossRef]

C. Tombling, T. Saitoh, T. MukaiIEICE Tech. Rep. 0QE91-145 (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Chiba, Japan, 1991), p. 79.

Nakamura, M.

M. Ohashi, S. Hamasaka, M. Kushibe, S. Nunoue, G. Hatakoshi, M. Nakamurain Technical Digest of International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication ( Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper ThD3-5.

Newkirk, M. A.

R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Noguchi, Y.

K. Magari, M. Okamoto, Y. Suzuki, K. Sato, Y. Noguchi, O. MikamiIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 695 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nunoue, S.

M. Ohashi, S. Hamasaka, M. Kushibe, S. Nunoue, G. Hatakoshi, M. Nakamurain Technical Digest of International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication ( Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper ThD3-5.

Ohashi, M.

M. Ohashi, S. Hamasaka, M. Kushibe, S. Nunoue, G. Hatakoshi, M. Nakamurain Technical Digest of International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication ( Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper ThD3-5.

Ohtera, Y.

Y. Ohtera, T. Chiba, S. Kawakamiin Digest of 21st European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paperTu.B.2.5.

Okamoto, M.

K. Magari, M. Okamoto, Y. Suzuki, K. Sato, Y. Noguchi, O. MikamiIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 695 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Raybon, G.

R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, T.

T. Saitoh, T. MukaiIEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1010 (1987).
[CrossRef]

C. Tombling, T. Saitoh, T. MukaiIEICE Tech. Rep. 0QE91-145 (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Chiba, Japan, 1991), p. 79.

Sato, K.

K. Magari, M. Okamoto, Y. Suzuki, K. Sato, Y. Noguchi, O. MikamiIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 695 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sato, T.

T. Irie, K. Shiraishi, T. Sato, R. Kasahara, S. Kawakamiin Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper TuJ4.

S. Kawakami, O. Hanaizumi, T. Satoin Technical Digest of IEICE Optoelectronics Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Japan, 1994), paper 14A2-5.

Shiraishi, K.

T. Irie, K. Shiraishi, T. Sato, R. Kasahara, S. Kawakamiin Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper TuJ4.

Suzuki, M.

H. Takano, T. Kanetaka, M. Suzuki, M. Aoki, H. InoueIEICE Tech. Rep. LQE95-19 (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Japan, 1995), p. 19.

Suzuki, Y.

K. Magari, M. Okamoto, Y. Suzuki, K. Sato, Y. Noguchi, O. MikamiIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 695 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Takano, H.

H. Takano, T. Kanetaka, M. Suzuki, M. Aoki, H. InoueIEICE Tech. Rep. LQE95-19 (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Japan, 1995), p. 19.

Tombling, C.

C. Tombling, T. Saitoh, T. MukaiIEICE Tech. Rep. 0QE91-145 (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Chiba, Japan, 1991), p. 79.

Young, M. G.

R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

T. Saitoh, T. MukaiIEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1010 (1987).
[CrossRef]

K. Magari, M. Okamoto, Y. Suzuki, K. Sato, Y. Noguchi, O. MikamiIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 695 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. C. Alferness, L. L. Buhl, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, I. Kim, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. G. Young, R. P. Gnall, F. Hernandez-Gil, H. M. Presby, G. Raybon, C. A. BurrusIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1401 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

J. W. Matthews, A. E. BlakesleeJ. Cryst. Growth 27, 118 (1974).

Other (7)

C. Tombling, T. Saitoh, T. MukaiIEICE Tech. Rep. 0QE91-145 (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Chiba, Japan, 1991), p. 79.

M. Ohashi, S. Hamasaka, M. Kushibe, S. Nunoue, G. Hatakoshi, M. Nakamurain Technical Digest of International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication ( Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper ThD3-5.

H. Takano, T. Kanetaka, M. Suzuki, M. Aoki, H. InoueIEICE Tech. Rep. LQE95-19 (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Japan, 1995), p. 19.

S. Kawakami, O. Hanaizumi, T. Satoin Technical Digest of IEICE Optoelectronics Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Japan, 1994), paper 14A2-5.

K. Igain Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 9 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper ITuG1.

T. Irie, K. Shiraishi, T. Sato, R. Kasahara, S. Kawakamiin Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper TuJ4.

Y. Ohtera, T. Chiba, S. Kawakamiin Digest of 21st European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paperTu.B.2.5.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured transmittance of the epitaxial wafer for the amplifier, including Fresnel reflection. The tunable laser for the signal in the experiments covers the wavelength range from A to C, and gains are measured between B and C.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Setup for measuring optical gain. LD’s, laser diodes; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity of the signal spectrum (5-nm resolution) measured by a spectrum analyzer for the cases (a) without pumping and (b) with 65-mW pumping.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity of the typical spontaneous emission spectrum (5-nm resolution) measured for a different 100-period MQW wafer. λg is designed to be 1.55 μm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured net gain at various pump power levels for a −20-dBm input signal at λ = 1.585 μm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measurement of the net gain for various signal wavelengths. The input signal power is −20 dBm.

Equations (1)

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d well ε well + d barrier ε barrier = 0 ,

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