Abstract

Laser performance of a diode-pumped Nd-doped multimode phosphate-glass fiber is reported. The selection of the fundamental mode in a multimode fiber is demonstrated, resulting in laser emission that is close to diffraction limited and that is nearly independent of the pump power. The heavily Nd-doped fibers with core diameters of 100 μm and lengths between 13 and 32 mm deliver as much as 130 mW of cw output power at 1.053 μm. A total efficiency of 31% with respect to launched pump power has been achieved.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tuminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Hawin Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 220.
  2. J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. PayneIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Zellmer, U. Willamowski, A. Tünnerman, H. Welling, S. Unger, V. Reichel, H.-R. Müller, J. Kirchhof, P. AlbersOpt. Lett. 20, 578 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. Koch, U. Griebner, R. GrunwaldAppl. Phys. B 58, 403 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. U. Griebner, R. KochElectron. Lett. 31, 205, 508 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Schönnagel, P. Glas“Coherent coupling of mutually nonresonant waveguide lasers by synchronization of supermodes from locally composed mode clusters,”J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
  7. P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, H. SchönnagelOpt. Commun. 109, 101 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. A. Kamshilin, R. Silvennoinen, T. Jaaskelainen, C. J. Lima, M. R. B. Andreeta, V. V. ProkofievOpt. Lett. 18, 690 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. A. Gambling, D. N. Payne, H. MatsumaraAppl. Opt. 14, 1538 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. MarcuseTheory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, New York, 1974).
  11. M. J. F. DigonnetIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1788 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (2)

1994 (2)

R. Koch, U. Griebner, R. GrunwaldAppl. Phys. B 58, 403 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, H. SchönnagelOpt. Commun. 109, 101 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

A. A. Kamshilin, R. Silvennoinen, T. Jaaskelainen, C. J. Lima, M. R. B. Andreeta, V. V. ProkofievOpt. Lett. 18, 690 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. PayneIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. J. F. DigonnetIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1788 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

Albers, P.

Andreeta, M. R. B.

Barnes, W. L.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. PayneIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cho, N. M.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tuminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Hawin Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 220.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

M. J. F. DigonnetIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1788 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gambling, W. A.

Glas, P.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, H. SchönnagelOpt. Commun. 109, 101 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Schönnagel, P. Glas“Coherent coupling of mutually nonresonant waveguide lasers by synchronization of supermodes from locally composed mode clusters,”J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Griebner, U.

U. Griebner, R. KochElectron. Lett. 31, 205, 508 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Koch, U. Griebner, R. GrunwaldAppl. Phys. B 58, 403 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Grubb, S. G.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. PayneIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Grunwald, R.

R. Koch, U. Griebner, R. GrunwaldAppl. Phys. B 58, 403 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hakimi, F.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tuminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Hawin Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 220.

Haw, T.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tuminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Hawin Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 220.

Jaaskelainen, T.

Kamshilin, A. A.

Kirchhof, J.

Koch, R.

U. Griebner, R. KochElectron. Lett. 31, 205, 508 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Koch, U. Griebner, R. GrunwaldAppl. Phys. B 58, 403 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. PayneIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lima, C. J.

Marcuse, D.

D. MarcuseTheory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, New York, 1974).

Matsumara, H.

Minelly, J. D.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. PayneIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Morkel, P. R.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. PayneIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Müller, H.-R.

Naumann, M.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, H. SchönnagelOpt. Commun. 109, 101 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. PayneIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Gambling, D. N. Payne, H. MatsumaraAppl. Opt. 14, 1538 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Po, H.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tuminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Hawin Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 220.

Prokofiev, V. V.

Reichel, V.

Schirrmacher, A.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, H. SchönnagelOpt. Commun. 109, 101 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schönnagel, H.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, H. SchönnagelOpt. Commun. 109, 101 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Schönnagel, P. Glas“Coherent coupling of mutually nonresonant waveguide lasers by synchronization of supermodes from locally composed mode clusters,”J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Silvennoinen, R.

Snitzer, E.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tuminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Hawin Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 220.

Townsend, J. E.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. PayneIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tuminelli, R.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tuminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Hawin Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 220.

Tünnerman, A.

Unger, S.

Welling, H.

Willamowski, U.

Zellmer, H.

Zenteno, L.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tuminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Hawin Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 220.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Koch, U. Griebner, R. GrunwaldAppl. Phys. B 58, 403 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

U. Griebner, R. KochElectron. Lett. 31, 205, 508 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. J. F. DigonnetIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1788 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, D. N. PayneIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, H. SchönnagelOpt. Commun. 109, 101 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (3)

H. Schönnagel, P. Glas“Coherent coupling of mutually nonresonant waveguide lasers by synchronization of supermodes from locally composed mode clusters,”J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

D. MarcuseTheory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, New York, 1974).

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tuminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Hawin Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 220.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated Fresnel diffraction loss versus gap distance from the fiber to the resonator mirror dz for different transversal modes m.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of the diode-pumped Nd-doped fiber laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power versus launched pump power for the cw fiber laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Far-field distribution at different absorbed pump powers for the multimode fiber laser.

Equations (3)

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l < λ 2 16 D m d c 2 < 7 mm ,
A ( r ) J 0 ( u r ) , u = d c 2 n c 2 k 2 β 2 , β = n c k sin θ 1 ,
A ( r ) exp ( r 2 w 0 2 ) , 2 w 0 d c = 0 . 65 + 1 . 61 V 1 . 5 + 3 . 1 w 0 d c .

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