Abstract

A scanning plasmon optical microscope has been operated with an atomic force microscope rather than a scanning tunnel microscope to scan a surface. The instrument produced a nanoscale optical image of dye-molecule crystals adsorbed on a silver film. Images of dye-molecule crystal islands are presented.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. Kretschmann, H. Raether, Z. Naturforsch. 23a, 2135 (1963).
  2. H. J. Simon, J. K. Guha, Opt. Commun. 18, 391 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. J. Braundmeier, H. E. Tomaschke, Opt. Commun. 14, 99 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. H. Weber, C. F. Eagen, Opt. Lett. 4, 236 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. Wittke, A. Hatta, A. Otta, Appl. Phys. A 48, 289 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Byahut, T. E. Furtak, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 27 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y-K. Kim, P. M. Lindquist, J. A. Helfrich, J. M. Mikrut, G. K. Wong, P. R. Auvil, J. B. Ketterson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3407 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y-K. Kim, “Scanning plasmon optical microscope (SPOM),” Ph.D. dissertation (Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill., 1995).
  9. Y-K. Kim, P. R. Auvil, J. B. Ketterson, “Conical radiation in the Kretschmann ATR configuration,” submitted toAppl. Opt.
  10. R. B. G. De Hollander, N. F. van Hulst, R. P. H. Kooyman, Ultramicroscopy 57, 263 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. Abrahams, P. W. Anderson, D. C. Licciardello, T. V. Ramakrishnan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 673 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Arya, Z. B. Su, J. L. Birman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1559 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. Ruppin, Solid State Commun. 39, 903 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. F. Liao, A. Wokaun, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 751 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (2)

Y-K. Kim, P. M. Lindquist, J. A. Helfrich, J. M. Mikrut, G. K. Wong, P. R. Auvil, J. B. Ketterson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3407 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. B. G. De Hollander, N. F. van Hulst, R. P. H. Kooyman, Ultramicroscopy 57, 263 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

S. Byahut, T. E. Furtak, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 27 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

W. Wittke, A. Hatta, A. Otta, Appl. Phys. A 48, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

K. Arya, Z. B. Su, J. L. Birman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1559 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

P. F. Liao, A. Wokaun, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 751 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

R. Ruppin, Solid State Commun. 39, 903 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (2)

E. Abrahams, P. W. Anderson, D. C. Licciardello, T. V. Ramakrishnan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 673 (1979).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Weber, C. F. Eagen, Opt. Lett. 4, 236 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1976 (1)

H. J. Simon, J. K. Guha, Opt. Commun. 18, 391 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

A. J. Braundmeier, H. E. Tomaschke, Opt. Commun. 14, 99 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

E. Kretschmann, H. Raether, Z. Naturforsch. 23a, 2135 (1963).

Abrahams, E.

E. Abrahams, P. W. Anderson, D. C. Licciardello, T. V. Ramakrishnan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 673 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, P. W.

E. Abrahams, P. W. Anderson, D. C. Licciardello, T. V. Ramakrishnan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 673 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Arya, K.

K. Arya, Z. B. Su, J. L. Birman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1559 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auvil, P. R.

Y-K. Kim, P. M. Lindquist, J. A. Helfrich, J. M. Mikrut, G. K. Wong, P. R. Auvil, J. B. Ketterson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3407 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y-K. Kim, P. R. Auvil, J. B. Ketterson, “Conical radiation in the Kretschmann ATR configuration,” submitted toAppl. Opt.

Birman, J. L.

K. Arya, Z. B. Su, J. L. Birman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1559 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braundmeier, A. J.

A. J. Braundmeier, H. E. Tomaschke, Opt. Commun. 14, 99 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Byahut, S.

S. Byahut, T. E. Furtak, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 27 (1990).
[CrossRef]

De Hollander, R. B. G.

R. B. G. De Hollander, N. F. van Hulst, R. P. H. Kooyman, Ultramicroscopy 57, 263 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eagen, C. F.

Furtak, T. E.

S. Byahut, T. E. Furtak, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 27 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Guha, J. K.

H. J. Simon, J. K. Guha, Opt. Commun. 18, 391 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Hatta, A.

W. Wittke, A. Hatta, A. Otta, Appl. Phys. A 48, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Helfrich, J. A.

Y-K. Kim, P. M. Lindquist, J. A. Helfrich, J. M. Mikrut, G. K. Wong, P. R. Auvil, J. B. Ketterson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3407 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ketterson, J. B.

Y-K. Kim, P. M. Lindquist, J. A. Helfrich, J. M. Mikrut, G. K. Wong, P. R. Auvil, J. B. Ketterson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3407 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y-K. Kim, P. R. Auvil, J. B. Ketterson, “Conical radiation in the Kretschmann ATR configuration,” submitted toAppl. Opt.

Kim, Y-K.

Y-K. Kim, P. M. Lindquist, J. A. Helfrich, J. M. Mikrut, G. K. Wong, P. R. Auvil, J. B. Ketterson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3407 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y-K. Kim, P. R. Auvil, J. B. Ketterson, “Conical radiation in the Kretschmann ATR configuration,” submitted toAppl. Opt.

Y-K. Kim, “Scanning plasmon optical microscope (SPOM),” Ph.D. dissertation (Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill., 1995).

Kooyman, R. P. H.

R. B. G. De Hollander, N. F. van Hulst, R. P. H. Kooyman, Ultramicroscopy 57, 263 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kretschmann, E.

E. Kretschmann, H. Raether, Z. Naturforsch. 23a, 2135 (1963).

Liao, P. F.

P. F. Liao, A. Wokaun, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 751 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Licciardello, D. C.

E. Abrahams, P. W. Anderson, D. C. Licciardello, T. V. Ramakrishnan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 673 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Lindquist, P. M.

Y-K. Kim, P. M. Lindquist, J. A. Helfrich, J. M. Mikrut, G. K. Wong, P. R. Auvil, J. B. Ketterson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3407 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mikrut, J. M.

Y-K. Kim, P. M. Lindquist, J. A. Helfrich, J. M. Mikrut, G. K. Wong, P. R. Auvil, J. B. Ketterson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3407 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Otta, A.

W. Wittke, A. Hatta, A. Otta, Appl. Phys. A 48, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Raether, H.

E. Kretschmann, H. Raether, Z. Naturforsch. 23a, 2135 (1963).

Ramakrishnan, T. V.

E. Abrahams, P. W. Anderson, D. C. Licciardello, T. V. Ramakrishnan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 673 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ruppin, R.

R. Ruppin, Solid State Commun. 39, 903 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Simon, H. J.

H. J. Simon, J. K. Guha, Opt. Commun. 18, 391 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Su, Z. B.

K. Arya, Z. B. Su, J. L. Birman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1559 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomaschke, H. E.

A. J. Braundmeier, H. E. Tomaschke, Opt. Commun. 14, 99 (1975).
[CrossRef]

van Hulst, N. F.

R. B. G. De Hollander, N. F. van Hulst, R. P. H. Kooyman, Ultramicroscopy 57, 263 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Weber, W. H.

Wittke, W.

W. Wittke, A. Hatta, A. Otta, Appl. Phys. A 48, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wokaun, A.

P. F. Liao, A. Wokaun, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 751 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Wong, G. K.

Y-K. Kim, P. M. Lindquist, J. A. Helfrich, J. M. Mikrut, G. K. Wong, P. R. Auvil, J. B. Ketterson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3407 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

W. Wittke, A. Hatta, A. Otta, Appl. Phys. A 48, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y-K. Kim, P. M. Lindquist, J. A. Helfrich, J. M. Mikrut, G. K. Wong, P. R. Auvil, J. B. Ketterson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3407 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

P. F. Liao, A. Wokaun, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 751 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

H. J. Simon, J. K. Guha, Opt. Commun. 18, 391 (1976).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Braundmeier, H. E. Tomaschke, Opt. Commun. 14, 99 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

E. Abrahams, P. W. Anderson, D. C. Licciardello, T. V. Ramakrishnan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 673 (1979).
[CrossRef]

K. Arya, Z. B. Su, J. L. Birman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1559 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. Byahut, T. E. Furtak, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 27 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

R. Ruppin, Solid State Commun. 39, 903 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ultramicroscopy (1)

R. B. G. De Hollander, N. F. van Hulst, R. P. H. Kooyman, Ultramicroscopy 57, 263 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Z. Naturforsch. (1)

E. Kretschmann, H. Raether, Z. Naturforsch. 23a, 2135 (1963).

Other (2)

Y-K. Kim, “Scanning plasmon optical microscope (SPOM),” Ph.D. dissertation (Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill., 1995).

Y-K. Kim, P. R. Auvil, J. B. Ketterson, “Conical radiation in the Kretschmann ATR configuration,” submitted toAppl. Opt.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the AFM–SPOM.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Submicrometer-scale images of MB molecular crystals adsorbed upon a Ag surface: a, b, AFM and SPOM images, respectively, of a 2 μm × 2 μm region; c, d, AFM and SPOM images of a 5 μm × 5 μm region. Note the large objects corresponding to the dye crystals.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a, AFM and b, SPOM images on a submicrometer scale of NB molecular crystals in a 7 μm × 7 μm region.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

a, AFM and b, SPOM images of a NB molecular crystal boundary (indicated by an arrow) between dye-covered and dye-free regions in a 20 μm × 20 μm section of a surface. The Fourier-transform-filtered SPOM image is seen in c. The dye-covered region appears as a broad bright region, not as individual dye crystals, when viewed with a conventional optical microscope.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

a, AFM and b, SPOM images of NB molecular crystals in a 15 μm × 15 μm region, showing the opposite contrast.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

a, AFM and b, SPOM images of NB molecular crystals in a 20 μm × 20 μm region, showing the same contrast.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

a, AFM and b, SPOM images of a large NB molecular crystal in a 20 μm × 20 μm region, showing interference fringes caused by a moving conical radiation center (the AFM tip) and the fixed conical radiation center (the NB molecular crystal). The arrow in the SPOM image indicates the direction of the laser beam.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

a, AFM and b, SPOM images of NB molecular crystals adsorbed upon a Ag surface in a 35 μm × 35 μm region. Note the interference fringes around each of the NB crystals. The arrow in the SPOM image indicates the direction of the laser beam.

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