Abstract

We describe a new method for visualization of gas flows based on infrared absorption and gas-correlation techniques. This result is a gray-scale or false color-coded image showing the distribution of a specific gas in the area studied. A sequence of images showing the workplace test setup with a turbulent flowing gas is presented.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. R. Drummond, G. V. Bailak, G. Mand, in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 681.
  2. J. C. Gille, L. Pan, M. W. Smith, P. L. Bailey, in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 684.
  3. M. W. Smith, in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 687.
  4. C. Allander, P. Carlsson, B. Hallén, B. Ljungqvist, O. Norlander, Acta Anaesth. Scand. 25, 21 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. G. McRae, L. L. Altpeter, Proc. SPIE 2366, 124 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. M. ter Kuile, J. J. F. van Veen, B. Knoll, Proc. SPIE 2366, 135 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. V. Ward, H. H. Zwick, Appl. Opt. 14, 2896 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. S. Lee, H. H. Zwick, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 56, 1812 (1985).
  9. H. Edner, S. Svanberg, L. Unéus, W. Wendt, Opt. Lett. 9, 493 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. S. Andersson, S. Montán, S. Svanberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1798 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  11. hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. I. M. Andersson, G. Rosén, Appl. Occup. Environ. Hyg. 10, 537 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Cha, Proc. SPIE 2252, 211 (1986).

1995

T. G. McRae, L. L. Altpeter, Proc. SPIE 2366, 124 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. M. ter Kuile, J. J. F. van Veen, B. Knoll, Proc. SPIE 2366, 135 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. M. Andersson, G. Rosén, Appl. Occup. Environ. Hyg. 10, 537 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992

hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1987

P. S. Andersson, S. Montán, S. Svanberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1798 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986

S. Cha, Proc. SPIE 2252, 211 (1986).

1985

H. S. Lee, H. H. Zwick, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 56, 1812 (1985).

1984

1981

C. Allander, P. Carlsson, B. Hallén, B. Ljungqvist, O. Norlander, Acta Anaesth. Scand. 25, 21 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1975

Allander, C.

C. Allander, P. Carlsson, B. Hallén, B. Ljungqvist, O. Norlander, Acta Anaesth. Scand. 25, 21 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altpeter, L. L.

T. G. McRae, L. L. Altpeter, Proc. SPIE 2366, 124 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Andersson, I. M.

I. M. Andersson, G. Rosén, Appl. Occup. Environ. Hyg. 10, 537 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Andersson, P. S.

P. S. Andersson, S. Montán, S. Svanberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1798 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bailak, G. V.

J. R. Drummond, G. V. Bailak, G. Mand, in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 681.

Bailey, P. L.

J. C. Gille, L. Pan, M. W. Smith, P. L. Bailey, in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 684.

Benner, D. C.

hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Brown, L. R.

hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Camy Peyret, C.

hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Carlsson, P.

C. Allander, P. Carlsson, B. Hallén, B. Ljungqvist, O. Norlander, Acta Anaesth. Scand. 25, 21 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cha, S.

S. Cha, Proc. SPIE 2252, 211 (1986).

Drummond, J. R.

J. R. Drummond, G. V. Bailak, G. Mand, in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 681.

Edner, H.

Flaud, J.-M.

hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R. R.

hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gille, J. C.

J. C. Gille, L. Pan, M. W. Smith, P. L. Bailey, in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 684.

Goldman, A.

hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hallén, B.

C. Allander, P. Carlsson, B. Hallén, B. Ljungqvist, O. Norlander, Acta Anaesth. Scand. 25, 21 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knoll, B.

W. M. ter Kuile, J. J. F. van Veen, B. Knoll, Proc. SPIE 2366, 135 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. S.

H. S. Lee, H. H. Zwick, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 56, 1812 (1985).

Ljungqvist, B.

C. Allander, P. Carlsson, B. Hallén, B. Ljungqvist, O. Norlander, Acta Anaesth. Scand. 25, 21 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malathi Devi, V.

hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mand, G.

J. R. Drummond, G. V. Bailak, G. Mand, in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 681.

Massie, S. T.

hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

McRae, T. G.

T. G. McRae, L. L. Altpeter, Proc. SPIE 2366, 124 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Montán, S.

P. S. Andersson, S. Montán, S. Svanberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1798 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Norlander, O.

C. Allander, P. Carlsson, B. Hallén, B. Ljungqvist, O. Norlander, Acta Anaesth. Scand. 25, 21 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, L.

J. C. Gille, L. Pan, M. W. Smith, P. L. Bailey, in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 684.

Rinslaud, C. P.

hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rosén, G.

I. M. Andersson, G. Rosén, Appl. Occup. Environ. Hyg. 10, 537 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rothman, L. S.

hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A. H.

hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. W.

M. W. Smith, in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 687.

J. C. Gille, L. Pan, M. W. Smith, P. L. Bailey, in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 684.

Svanberg, S.

P. S. Andersson, S. Montán, S. Svanberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1798 (1987).
[CrossRef]

H. Edner, S. Svanberg, L. Unéus, W. Wendt, Opt. Lett. 9, 493 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ter Kuile, W. M.

W. M. ter Kuile, J. J. F. van Veen, B. Knoll, Proc. SPIE 2366, 135 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tipping, R. H.

hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Toth, R. A.

hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Unéus, L.

van Veen, J. J. F.

W. M. ter Kuile, J. J. F. van Veen, B. Knoll, Proc. SPIE 2366, 135 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ward, T. V.

Wendt, W.

Zwick, H. H.

H. S. Lee, H. H. Zwick, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 56, 1812 (1985).

T. V. Ward, H. H. Zwick, Appl. Opt. 14, 2896 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Acta Anaesth. Scand.

C. Allander, P. Carlsson, B. Hallén, B. Ljungqvist, O. Norlander, Acta Anaesth. Scand. 25, 21 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Occup. Environ. Hyg.

I. M. Andersson, G. Rosén, Appl. Occup. Environ. Hyg. 10, 537 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron

P. S. Andersson, S. Montán, S. Svanberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1798 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer

hitran database, 1992 ed., V. 2.41, developed by the University of South Florida and the Ontar Corporation, based on L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinslaud, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathi Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy Peyret, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

S. Cha, Proc. SPIE 2252, 211 (1986).

T. G. McRae, L. L. Altpeter, Proc. SPIE 2366, 124 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. M. ter Kuile, J. J. F. van Veen, B. Knoll, Proc. SPIE 2366, 135 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

H. S. Lee, H. H. Zwick, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 56, 1812 (1985).

Other

J. R. Drummond, G. V. Bailak, G. Mand, in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 681.

J. C. Gille, L. Pan, M. W. Smith, P. L. Bailey, in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 684.

M. W. Smith, in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 687.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Point monitoring principle of a gas-correlation spectrometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the experimental arrangement.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral features of CO2 and N2O. The transmission of the bandpass filter used is also indicated (Tmax = 85%).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Interfering spectral features of CH4 and C2H6.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Gas-correlated images in sequence (without gray-scale manipulation). The visualized gas was N2O in a mixture of water vapor and CO2. The time between successive pictures was 1 s.

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