Abstract

We demonstrate that the fanning light emerging from an optically active fiberlike bismuth titanium oxide (Bi12TiO20) crystal is linearly polarized either parallel to the applied electric-field vector or perpendicular to it, independently of the external ac electric field, the crystal length, and the pump beam polarization state. We show also that a photorefractive surface wave can be generated at the opposite crystal sides, depending on the pump beam polarization.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I: Fundamental Phenomena, P. Gunter, J. P. Huignard, eds., (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 263.
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Marrakchi, R. V. Johnson, A. R. Tanguay, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 321 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. A. Krainak, F. M. Davidson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 634 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. R. Goff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 99 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. I. Sturman, D. J. Webb, R. Kowarschik, E. Shamonina, K. H. Ringhofer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1813 (1995).
  6. M. D. Ewbank, Opt. Lett. 13, 47 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Segev, D. Engin, A. Yariv, G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 18, 956 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. A. Kamshilin, E. Raita, V. V. Prokofiev, T. Jaaskelainen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3242 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Cronin-Golomb, Opt. Lett. 20, 2075 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. V. Kukhtarev, T. I. Siemenec, P. Hribek, Ferroelectrics Lett. 13, 29 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. A. Kamshilin, E. Raita, A. V. Khomenko, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2536 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Ding, H. J. Eichler, Opt. Commun. 110, 456 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Tuovinen, A. A. Kamshilin, R. Ravattinen, V. V. Prokofiev, T. Jaaskelainen, Opt. Eng. 34, 2641 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. L. Sochava, I. M. Rossomakhin, S. I. Stepanov, Opt. Commun. 78, 72 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Segev, Y. Ophir, B. Fischer, Opt. Commun. 77, 265 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (5)

A. A. Kamshilin, E. Raita, V. V. Prokofiev, T. Jaaskelainen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3242 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, Opt. Lett. 20, 2075 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Goff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 99 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Sturman, D. J. Webb, R. Kowarschik, E. Shamonina, K. H. Ringhofer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1813 (1995).

H. Tuovinen, A. A. Kamshilin, R. Ravattinen, V. V. Prokofiev, T. Jaaskelainen, Opt. Eng. 34, 2641 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Y. Ding, H. J. Eichler, Opt. Commun. 110, 456 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

N. V. Kukhtarev, T. I. Siemenec, P. Hribek, Ferroelectrics Lett. 13, 29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

S. L. Sochava, I. M. Rossomakhin, S. I. Stepanov, Opt. Commun. 78, 72 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, Y. Ophir, B. Fischer, Opt. Commun. 77, 265 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

1986 (1)

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Davidson, F. M.

Ding, Y.

Y. Ding, H. J. Eichler, Opt. Commun. 110, 456 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, H. J.

Y. Ding, H. J. Eichler, Opt. Commun. 110, 456 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Engin, D.

Ewbank, M. D.

Fischer, B.

M. Segev, Y. Ophir, B. Fischer, Opt. Commun. 77, 265 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Goff, J. R.

Hribek, P.

N. V. Kukhtarev, T. I. Siemenec, P. Hribek, Ferroelectrics Lett. 13, 29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jaaskelainen, T.

A. A. Kamshilin, E. Raita, V. V. Prokofiev, T. Jaaskelainen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3242 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Tuovinen, A. A. Kamshilin, R. Ravattinen, V. V. Prokofiev, T. Jaaskelainen, Opt. Eng. 34, 2641 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, R. V.

Kamshilin, A. A.

A. A. Kamshilin, E. Raita, A. V. Khomenko, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2536 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Tuovinen, A. A. Kamshilin, R. Ravattinen, V. V. Prokofiev, T. Jaaskelainen, Opt. Eng. 34, 2641 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kamshilin, E. Raita, V. V. Prokofiev, T. Jaaskelainen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3242 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Khomenko, A. V.

Kowarschik, R.

Krainak, M. A.

Kukhtarev, N. V.

N. V. Kukhtarev, T. I. Siemenec, P. Hribek, Ferroelectrics Lett. 13, 29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Marrakchi, A.

Ophir, Y.

M. Segev, Y. Ophir, B. Fischer, Opt. Commun. 77, 265 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, M. P.

S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I: Fundamental Phenomena, P. Gunter, J. P. Huignard, eds., (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 263.
[CrossRef]

Prokofiev, V. V.

A. A. Kamshilin, E. Raita, V. V. Prokofiev, T. Jaaskelainen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3242 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Tuovinen, A. A. Kamshilin, R. Ravattinen, V. V. Prokofiev, T. Jaaskelainen, Opt. Eng. 34, 2641 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Raita, E.

A. A. Kamshilin, E. Raita, A. V. Khomenko, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2536 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kamshilin, E. Raita, V. V. Prokofiev, T. Jaaskelainen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3242 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ravattinen, R.

H. Tuovinen, A. A. Kamshilin, R. Ravattinen, V. V. Prokofiev, T. Jaaskelainen, Opt. Eng. 34, 2641 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ringhofer, K. H.

Rossomakhin, I. M.

S. L. Sochava, I. M. Rossomakhin, S. I. Stepanov, Opt. Commun. 78, 72 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Segev, M.

Shamonina, E.

Siemenec, T. I.

N. V. Kukhtarev, T. I. Siemenec, P. Hribek, Ferroelectrics Lett. 13, 29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sochava, S. L.

S. L. Sochava, I. M. Rossomakhin, S. I. Stepanov, Opt. Commun. 78, 72 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, S. I.

S. L. Sochava, I. M. Rossomakhin, S. I. Stepanov, Opt. Commun. 78, 72 (1990).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I: Fundamental Phenomena, P. Gunter, J. P. Huignard, eds., (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 263.
[CrossRef]

Sturman, B. I.

Tanguay, A. R.

Tuovinen, H.

H. Tuovinen, A. A. Kamshilin, R. Ravattinen, V. V. Prokofiev, T. Jaaskelainen, Opt. Eng. 34, 2641 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Valley, G. C.

Webb, D. J.

Yariv, A.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. A. Kamshilin, E. Raita, V. V. Prokofiev, T. Jaaskelainen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3242 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics Lett. (1)

N. V. Kukhtarev, T. I. Siemenec, P. Hribek, Ferroelectrics Lett. 13, 29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

Opt. Commun. (3)

Y. Ding, H. J. Eichler, Opt. Commun. 110, 456 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Sochava, I. M. Rossomakhin, S. I. Stepanov, Opt. Commun. 78, 72 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, Y. Ophir, B. Fischer, Opt. Commun. 77, 265 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

H. Tuovinen, A. A. Kamshilin, R. Ravattinen, V. V. Prokofiev, T. Jaaskelainen, Opt. Eng. 34, 2641 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I: Fundamental Phenomena, P. Gunter, J. P. Huignard, eds., (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 263.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Orientation of the Bi12TiO20 fiberlike crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fanning-light distribution and the corresponding light distribution at the output face of the sample for the different polarization states of the pump beam. The top row consists of images for horizontal input polarization, and the middle and bottom rows correspond to vertical and intermediate (45°) polarization, respectively. Fanning-pattern images (a)–(c) were taken by a CCD camera from a screen placed in the far field. Photos (d)–(f ) imaged onto the CCD camera by an objective lens.

Equations (2)

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d d z P P = A 1 ( α , ρ , κ 0 , P P , P S ) - κ g I 0 ( H P P F P ) × ( F P * P P cos  β 0 + F S * P S ) , d d z P S = A 2 ( α , ρ , κ 0 , P P , P S ) - κ g I 0 ( H S S F S ) × ( F P * P P cos  β 0 + F S * P S ) , d d z F P = A 1 ( α , ρ , κ 0 , F P , P S ) + κ g I 0 ( H P P F P ) × ( F P * P P cos  β 0 + F S * P S ) , d d z F S = A 2 ( α , ρ , κ 0 , F P , P S ) + κ g I 0 ( H S S F S ) × ( F P * P P cos  β 0 + F S * P S ) ,
H P P = - 2 / 3 ,             H S S = 1 / 3 .

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