Abstract

We have predicted and observed an anisotropic photocurrent induced in the cubic crystal Bi12SiO20 by a high-contrast interference pattern. The transverse current detected when the interference pattern is tilted is caused by deflection of the direct current generated by an external voltage applied to the crystal.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Petrov, S. Stepanov, A. Khomenko, Photorefractive Crystals in Coherent Optical Systems, Vol. 59 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), p. 85.
  2. N. Kukhtarev, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 438 (1976).
  3. N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Krumins, P. Günter, Phys. Status Solidi A 63, K111 (1981).
  5. S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, Sov. Phys. Solid State 30, 534 (1988).
  6. N. V. Kukhtarev, P. Buchhave, S. F. Lyuksyutov, “Dynamic holographic gratings with high arbitrary contrast,”submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.
  7. S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, Sov. Phys. Solid State 28, 1559 (1986).
  8. S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, M. V. Krasin’kova, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 108 (1987).
  9. S. Sochava, K. Buse, E. Kratzig, Opt. Commun. 98, 265 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. E. Andersen, P. Buchhave, P. M. Petersen, M. V. Vasnetsov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1422 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. P. Herriau, D. Rojas, J. P. Huignard, J. M. Bassat, J. C. Launay, Ferroelectrics 75, 271 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

1995

1993

S. Sochava, K. Buse, E. Kratzig, Opt. Commun. 98, 265 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988

S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, Sov. Phys. Solid State 30, 534 (1988).

1987

J. P. Herriau, D. Rojas, J. P. Huignard, J. M. Bassat, J. C. Launay, Ferroelectrics 75, 271 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, M. V. Krasin’kova, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 108 (1987).

1986

S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, Sov. Phys. Solid State 28, 1559 (1986).

1983

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

1981

A. Krumins, P. Günter, Phys. Status Solidi A 63, K111 (1981).

1979

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1976

N. Kukhtarev, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 438 (1976).

Andersen, P. E.

Bassat, J. M.

J. P. Herriau, D. Rojas, J. P. Huignard, J. M. Bassat, J. C. Launay, Ferroelectrics 75, 271 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Buchhave, P.

P. E. Andersen, P. Buchhave, P. M. Petersen, M. V. Vasnetsov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1422 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kukhtarev, P. Buchhave, S. F. Lyuksyutov, “Dynamic holographic gratings with high arbitrary contrast,”submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Buse, K.

S. Sochava, K. Buse, E. Kratzig, Opt. Commun. 98, 265 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Günter, P.

A. Krumins, P. Günter, Phys. Status Solidi A 63, K111 (1981).

Herriau, J. P.

J. P. Herriau, D. Rojas, J. P. Huignard, J. M. Bassat, J. C. Launay, Ferroelectrics 75, 271 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

J. P. Herriau, D. Rojas, J. P. Huignard, J. M. Bassat, J. C. Launay, Ferroelectrics 75, 271 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Khomenko, A.

M. Petrov, S. Stepanov, A. Khomenko, Photorefractive Crystals in Coherent Optical Systems, Vol. 59 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), p. 85.

Klein, M. B.

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

Krasin’kova, M. V.

S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, M. V. Krasin’kova, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 108 (1987).

Kratzig, E.

S. Sochava, K. Buse, E. Kratzig, Opt. Commun. 98, 265 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Krumins, A.

A. Krumins, P. Günter, Phys. Status Solidi A 63, K111 (1981).

Kukhtarev, N.

N. Kukhtarev, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 438 (1976).

Kukhtarev, N. V.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kukhtarev, P. Buchhave, S. F. Lyuksyutov, “Dynamic holographic gratings with high arbitrary contrast,”submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Launay, J. C.

J. P. Herriau, D. Rojas, J. P. Huignard, J. M. Bassat, J. C. Launay, Ferroelectrics 75, 271 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lyuksyutov, S. F.

N. V. Kukhtarev, P. Buchhave, S. F. Lyuksyutov, “Dynamic holographic gratings with high arbitrary contrast,”submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Markov, V. B.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Odoulov, S. G.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Petersen, P. M.

Petrov, M.

M. Petrov, S. Stepanov, A. Khomenko, Photorefractive Crystals in Coherent Optical Systems, Vol. 59 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), p. 85.

Petrov, M. P.

S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, M. V. Krasin’kova, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 108 (1987).

Rojas, D.

J. P. Herriau, D. Rojas, J. P. Huignard, J. M. Bassat, J. C. Launay, Ferroelectrics 75, 271 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sochava, S.

S. Sochava, K. Buse, E. Kratzig, Opt. Commun. 98, 265 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Soskin, M. S.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, S.

M. Petrov, S. Stepanov, A. Khomenko, Photorefractive Crystals in Coherent Optical Systems, Vol. 59 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), p. 85.

Stepanov, S. I.

S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, Sov. Phys. Solid State 30, 534 (1988).

S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, M. V. Krasin’kova, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 108 (1987).

S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, Sov. Phys. Solid State 28, 1559 (1986).

Trofimov, S. G.

S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, Sov. Phys. Solid State 30, 534 (1988).

S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, M. V. Krasin’kova, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 108 (1987).

S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, Sov. Phys. Solid State 28, 1559 (1986).

Valley, G. C.

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

Vasnetsov, M. V.

Vinetskii, V. L.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Herriau, D. Rojas, J. P. Huignard, J. M. Bassat, J. C. Launay, Ferroelectrics 75, 271 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

S. Sochava, K. Buse, E. Kratzig, Opt. Commun. 98, 265 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

Phys. Status Solidi

A. Krumins, P. Günter, Phys. Status Solidi A 63, K111 (1981).

Sov. Phys. Solid State

S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, Sov. Phys. Solid State 30, 534 (1988).

S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, Sov. Phys. Solid State 28, 1559 (1986).

Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett.

S. G. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, M. V. Krasin’kova, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 108 (1987).

N. Kukhtarev, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 438 (1976).

Other

M. Petrov, S. Stepanov, A. Khomenko, Photorefractive Crystals in Coherent Optical Systems, Vol. 59 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), p. 85.

N. V. Kukhtarev, P. Buchhave, S. F. Lyuksyutov, “Dynamic holographic gratings with high arbitrary contrast,”submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Orientation of the interference pattern and formation of the anisotropic current.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental configuration.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Dependence of direct current Jx on tilt angle φ: filled circles, measurements; solid curve, theory. ( b) Dependence of deflected current Jy on angle φ: open squares, measurements; solid curve, theory.

Equations (11)

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I ( x , y ) = I 0 [ 1 + m cos ( K x cos φ + K y sin  φ ) ] ,
I ( ξ ) = I 0 [ 1 + m cos ( K ξ ) ] .
j ξ = σ ( E x cos  φ + E y sin  φ ) ,
j η = σ | | ( - E x sin  φ + E y cos  φ ) ,
j x = j ξ cos  φ - j η sin  φ = E x ( σ cos 2 φ + σ | | sin 2 φ ) + E y ( σ - σ | | ) sin  2 φ 2 ,
j y = j ξ sin  φ - j η cos  φ = E y ( σ cos 2 φ + σ | | sin 2 φ ) + E x ( σ - σ | | ) sin  2 φ 2 .
σ ( ξ ) = σ 0 [ 1 + a cos ( K ξ + ψ ) ] ,
a = M 1 + ( M δ ) 2 { 1 - [ 1 + M 2 ( δ 2 - 1 ) ] 1 / 2 } .
M = m ( 1 + λ ) ( 1 + σ d σ 0 ) [ ( 1 + λ ) 2 + γ 2 ] 1 / 2 ,
J x = E x S x σ 0 [ sin 2 φ + ( 1 - a 2 ) 1 / 2 cos 2 φ ] .
J y = - E x S y σ 0 [ 1 - ( 1 - a 2 ) 1 / 2 ] sin  2 φ 2 .

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