Abstract

Fourier spectral analysis of temporal interference resulting from beats between a reference optical frequency and a number of spectral components of a femtosecond optical pulse yields the spectral phase directly without the need for iterative calculations. A periodic multiple-slit mask placed in the Fourier plane of a femtosecond pulse shaper selects an ensemble of frequency components for measurement by cross correlation. An additional, out-of-period slit selects the reference frequency so that none of the desired beat tones overlaps redundant tones. We measure positive and negative cubic phase distortion introduced when the pulse shaper lens is tilted and the phase discontinuity of a 0–π pulse (odd pulse) with a 13-slit mask. Finally, we demonstrate measurement of the spectral phase associated with true time delays with 17 slits.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

B. S. Traoe, J. M. Schins, E. T. J. Nibbering, M. A. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 113, 79 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

1991 (2)

J. L. Chilla, O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1228 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Chilla, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Lett. 16, 39 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirschner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1563 (1988).

1981 (1)

H. T. Shang, Electron. Lett. 17, 603 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Chilla, J. L.

J. L. Chilla, O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1228 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Chilla, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Lett. 16, 39 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chu, K. C.

Delong, K. W.

Dienes, A.

Franco, M. A.

B. S. Traoe, J. M. Schins, E. T. J. Nibbering, M. A. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 113, 79 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Grant, R. S.

Heritage, J. P.

Kane, D. J.

Kirschner, E. M.

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirschner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1563 (1988).

Liu, K. X.

Martinez, O. E.

J. L. Chilla, O. E. Martinez, Opt. Lett. 16, 39 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Chilla, O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1228 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

B. S. Traoe, J. M. Schins, E. T. J. Nibbering, M. A. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 113, 79 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nibbering, E. T. J.

B. S. Traoe, J. M. Schins, E. T. J. Nibbering, M. A. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 113, 79 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schins, J. M.

B. S. Traoe, J. M. Schins, E. T. J. Nibbering, M. A. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 113, 79 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shang, H. T.

H. T. Shang, Electron. Lett. 17, 603 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, A.

Traoe, B. S.

B. S. Traoe, J. M. Schins, E. T. J. Nibbering, M. A. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 113, 79 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirschner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1563 (1988).

White, W. E.

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. T. Shang, Electron. Lett. 17, 603 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. L. Chilla, O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1228 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

B. S. Traoe, J. M. Schins, E. T. J. Nibbering, M. A. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 113, 79 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Single-scan DOSPM setup, showing a detail of a multiple-slit mask and the location of the cover glass for generation of the odd pulse and the true time delay.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal interference patterns (a)–(c) and measured spectral phase (d)–(f ) produced by the 13-slit mask, corresponding to the nearly flat spectral phase, the quadratic phase, and the positive and negative cubic phase.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Odd pulse generated by two glass slips in pulse shaper, (b) measured odd-pulse spectral phase, (c) double pulse obtained with a single glass slip, (d) corresponding spectral phase showing true time delay and phase jump.

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