Abstract

We report optimization of a stretched-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser for second-harmonic generation and the evaluation of several nonlinear crystals for this application. With compressed fundamental pulse energies of 2.7 nJ at 31.8 MHz, we achieved 10% conversion efficiency and 86-fs, 771-nm pulses with energies of 270 pJ. Frequency-resolved optical gating was used to analyze both the fundamental and the frequency-doubled pulses.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 19, 46 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Nuss, W. H. Knox, J. B. Stark, S. Cundiff, D. A. B. Miller, U. Koren, “Femtosecond chirped-pulse multifrequency sources,” in Ultrafast Phenomena X, J. G. Fujimoto, W. Zinth, eds., Vol. 62 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  16. C. X. Yu, S. Namiki, W. S. Wong, H. A. Haus, in Conference On Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CFD6.

1996 (2)

1995 (1)

1994 (4)

1993 (2)

1992 (3)

1991 (1)

D. Huang, J. Wang, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, J. G. Fujimoto, Laser Surg. Med. 11, 419 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Biaggio, I.

Cundiff, S.

M. Nuss, W. H. Knox, J. B. Stark, S. Cundiff, D. A. B. Miller, U. Koren, “Femtosecond chirped-pulse multifrequency sources,” in Ultrafast Phenomena X, J. G. Fujimoto, W. Zinth, eds., Vol. 62 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996).
[CrossRef]

Davis, L.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

DeLong, K. W.

Doerr, C. R.

Dougherty, D. J.

Eimerl, D.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

Fujimoto, J. G.

J. Paye, M. Ramaswamy, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 18, 1946 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Huang, J. Wang, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, J. G. Fujimoto, Laser Surg. Med. 11, 419 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gellermann, W.

Gontijo, I.

I. Gontijo, Opt. Commun. 108, 324 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Graham, E. K.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Günter, P.

Hariharan, A.

Harter, D. J.

Haus, H. A.

G. Lenz, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 20, 1289 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 19, 46 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. X. Yu, S. Namiki, W. S. Wong, H. A. Haus, in Conference On Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CFD6.

Huang, D.

D. Huang, J. Wang, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, J. G. Fujimoto, Laser Surg. Med. 11, 419 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Kane, D. J.

D. J. Kane, R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

M. Nuss, W. H. Knox, J. B. Stark, S. Cundiff, D. A. B. Miller, U. Koren, “Femtosecond chirped-pulse multifrequency sources,” in Ultrafast Phenomena X, J. G. Fujimoto, W. Zinth, eds., Vol. 62 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996).
[CrossRef]

Kohler, B.

Koren, U.

M. Nuss, W. H. Knox, J. B. Stark, S. Cundiff, D. A. B. Miller, U. Koren, “Femtosecond chirped-pulse multifrequency sources,” in Ultrafast Phenomena X, J. G. Fujimoto, W. Zinth, eds., Vol. 62 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996).
[CrossRef]

Lenz, G.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, J. Wang, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, J. G. Fujimoto, Laser Surg. Med. 11, 419 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

M. Nuss, W. H. Knox, J. B. Stark, S. Cundiff, D. A. B. Miller, U. Koren, “Femtosecond chirped-pulse multifrequency sources,” in Ultrafast Phenomena X, J. G. Fujimoto, W. Zinth, eds., Vol. 62 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996).
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

C. X. Yu, S. Namiki, W. S. Wong, H. A. Haus, in Conference On Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CFD6.

Nelson, L. E.

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 19, 46 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Norris, T. B.

Nuss, M.

M. Nuss, W. H. Knox, J. B. Stark, S. Cundiff, D. A. B. Miller, U. Koren, “Femtosecond chirped-pulse multifrequency sources,” in Ultrafast Phenomena X, J. G. Fujimoto, W. Zinth, eds., Vol. 62 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996).
[CrossRef]

Paye, J.

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, J. Wang, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, J. G. Fujimoto, Laser Surg. Med. 11, 419 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy, M.

Rudd, J. V.

Son, J.

Squier, J.

Stark, J. B.

M. Nuss, W. H. Knox, J. B. Stark, S. Cundiff, D. A. B. Miller, U. Koren, “Femtosecond chirped-pulse multifrequency sources,” in Ultrafast Phenomena X, J. G. Fujimoto, W. Zinth, eds., Vol. 62 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996).
[CrossRef]

Stock, M. L.

Tamura, K.

Trebino, R.

Velsko, S.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

D. Huang, J. Wang, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, J. G. Fujimoto, Laser Surg. Med. 11, 419 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Whitaker, J. F.

Wilson, K.

Wong, W. S.

C. X. Yu, S. Namiki, W. S. Wong, H. A. Haus, in Conference On Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CFD6.

Yu, C. X.

C. X. Yu, S. Namiki, W. S. Wong, H. A. Haus, in Conference On Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CFD6.

Zalkin, A.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Zysset, B.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

D. J. Kane, R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Surg. Med. (1)

D. Huang, J. Wang, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, J. G. Fujimoto, Laser Surg. Med. 11, 419 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

I. Gontijo, Opt. Commun. 108, 324 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (8)

Other (2)

M. Nuss, W. H. Knox, J. B. Stark, S. Cundiff, D. A. B. Miller, U. Koren, “Femtosecond chirped-pulse multifrequency sources,” in Ultrafast Phenomena X, J. G. Fujimoto, W. Zinth, eds., Vol. 62 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996).
[CrossRef]

C. X. Yu, S. Namiki, W. S. Wong, H. A. Haus, in Conference On Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CFD6.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the frequency-doubled SP APM fiber laser: BFP, 5-T birefringent tuning plate; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer; SMF, Corning single-mode fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Autocorrelations of the fundamental pulse (dashed curve) and the frequency-doubled pulse (solid curve) with a sech fit of the frequency-doubled pulse (dotted curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra of (top) the fundamental pulse and (bottom) the frequency-doubled pulse.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SHG FROG data on the fundamental pulse: (top left) experimental data and (top right) calculated fit. Bottom plot: calculated pulse intensity (solid curve) and calculated phase profile (dashed curve).

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