Abstract

The temporal profiles of polarized laser pulses propagating through a scattering medium differ for scattered light parallel and perpendicular to the incident polarization. The degree of polarization is conserved over 100 ps after the arrival of the ballistic component. This observation can be used as a time gate for the early portion of the scattered light, reducing the diffusive component.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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1995

1994

H. J. Schnorrenberg, M. Hengstebeck, K. Schlinkmeier, W. Zinth, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2326, 207 (1994).

J. A. Moon, R. Mahon, M. D. Duncan, J. Reintjes, Opt. Lett. 19, 1234 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. R. Alfano, X. Liang, L. Wang, P. P. Ho, Science 264, 1913 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

1992

1991

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, G. Liu, G. Zhang, R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen, Y. Chen, D. Dillworth, E. Leith, J. Lopez, J. Valdmanis, Opt. Lett. 16, 487 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Fujimoto, S. De Silvestri, E. Ippen, C. Puliafito, R. Margolis, A. Oseroff, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

K. M. Yoo, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 15, 320 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Yoo, F. Liu, R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2647 (1990); errata, 65, 2210 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Anderson-Engels, R. Berg, S. Svanberg, O. Jarlman, Opt. Lett. 15, 1178 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

R. R. Alfano, X. Liang, L. Wang, P. P. Ho, Science 264, 1913 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 32, 5043 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, G. Liu, G. Zhang, R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Yoo, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 15, 320 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Yoo, F. Liu, R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2647 (1990); errata, 65, 2210 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson-Engels, S.

S. Anderson-Engels, R. Berg, S. Svanberg, O. Jarlman, Opt. Lett. 15, 1178 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Berg, R.

S. Anderson-Engels, R. Berg, S. Svanberg, O. Jarlman, Opt. Lett. 15, 1178 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bonner, R. F.

Chen, H.

Chen, Y.

Cho, Y.

De Silvestri, S.

J. Fujimoto, S. De Silvestri, E. Ippen, C. Puliafito, R. Margolis, A. Oseroff, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dillworth, D.

Duncan, M. D.

Eliyahy, D.

Freund, I.

Fujimoto, J.

J. Fujimoto, S. De Silvestri, E. Ippen, C. Puliafito, R. Margolis, A. Oseroff, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gandjbakhche, A. H.

Hashimoto, K.

Hengstebeck, M.

H. J. Schnorrenberg, M. Hengstebeck, K. Schlinkmeier, W. Zinth, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2326, 207 (1994).

Ho, P. P.

R. R. Alfano, X. Liang, L. Wang, P. P. Ho, Science 264, 1913 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 32, 5043 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, G. Liu, G. Zhang, R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horinaka, H.

Ippen, E.

J. Fujimoto, S. De Silvestri, E. Ippen, C. Puliafito, R. Margolis, A. Oseroff, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jarlman, O.

S. Anderson-Engels, R. Berg, S. Svanberg, O. Jarlman, Opt. Lett. 15, 1178 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Leith, E.

Liang, X.

R. R. Alfano, X. Liang, L. Wang, P. P. Ho, Science 264, 1913 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, F.

K. M. Yoo, F. Liu, R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2647 (1990); errata, 65, 2210 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, G.

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, G. Liu, G. Zhang, R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lopez, J.

Mahon, R.

Margolis, R.

J. Fujimoto, S. De Silvestri, E. Ippen, C. Puliafito, R. Margolis, A. Oseroff, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Moon, J. A.

Oseroff, A.

J. Fujimoto, S. De Silvestri, E. Ippen, C. Puliafito, R. Margolis, A. Oseroff, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Puliafito, C.

J. Fujimoto, S. De Silvestri, E. Ippen, C. Puliafito, R. Margolis, A. Oseroff, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Reintjes, J.

Rosenbluh, M.

Schlinkmeier, K.

H. J. Schnorrenberg, M. Hengstebeck, K. Schlinkmeier, W. Zinth, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2326, 207 (1994).

Schmitt, J. M.

Schnorrenberg, H. J.

H. J. Schnorrenberg, M. Hengstebeck, K. Schlinkmeier, W. Zinth, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2326, 207 (1994).

Svanberg, S.

S. Anderson-Engels, R. Berg, S. Svanberg, O. Jarlman, Opt. Lett. 15, 1178 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Valdmanis, J.

van de Hulst, H. C.

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957), Chap. 9, pp. 114–130.

Wada, K.

Wang, L.

R. R. Alfano, X. Liang, L. Wang, P. P. Ho, Science 264, 1913 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 32, 5043 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, G. Liu, G. Zhang, R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoo, K. M.

K. M. Yoo, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 15, 320 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Yoo, F. Liu, R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2647 (1990); errata, 65, 2210 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, G.

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, G. Liu, G. Zhang, R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zinth, W.

H. J. Schnorrenberg, M. Hengstebeck, K. Schlinkmeier, W. Zinth, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2326, 207 (1994).

Appl. Opt.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

K. M. Yoo, F. Liu, R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2647 (1990); errata, 65, 2210 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.

H. J. Schnorrenberg, M. Hengstebeck, K. Schlinkmeier, W. Zinth, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2326, 207 (1994).

Science

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, G. Liu, G. Zhang, R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Fujimoto, S. De Silvestri, E. Ippen, C. Puliafito, R. Margolis, A. Oseroff, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Alfano, X. Liang, L. Wang, P. P. Ho, Science 264, 1913 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957), Chap. 9, pp. 114–130.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. BS’s, beam splitters; M, mirror; D, photodiode; F1, 1.2-mm-diameter fiber bundle used for collection of the scattering light; F2, 110-μm-diameter fiber used as the reference pulse.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal profile of the output pulse components parallel (thin curve) and perpendicular (thick curve) to the incident polarization. The inset shows the temporal profile of the degree of polarization D(t)of the output pulse. The latex microsphere diameter is d = 0.09 μm, and ls = 2 mm. The pulse at −60 ps is the reference pulse, while zero time is the time of the arrival of the ballistic component.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temporal profile of the parallel (thin curve) and perpendicular (thick curve) components and the degree of polarization (inset) of the output pulse for microsphere diameter d = 0.2 μm and ls = 4 mm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output pulse parallel (thin curve) and perpendicular (thick curve) components and the degree of polarization temporal profile (inset) for d = 1.07 μm and ls = 1.5 mm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimentally measured values of (a) the peak value of the degree of polarization D(t),(b) the time of peak value of D(t),and (c) the FWHM of D(t)as a function of Z/ls (Z = 50 μm) for a scattering solution with microsphere diameter d = 1.07 μm.

Equations (1)

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D ( t ) = I ( t ) | | I ( t ) I ( t ) | | + I ( t ) ,

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