Abstract

Frequency doubling of a 680-nm laser diode in periodically poled LiTaO3 is presented. By selective proton exchange followed by high-voltage pulse application, a second-order periodic domain inversion having uniform periodicity and optimum duty cycle was fabricated over a 10-mm interaction length in a 200-μm-thick LiTaO3 substrate. A 340-nm wavelength of harmonic ultraviolet light was generated in a single pass through the domain-inverted structure.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, in Digest of The Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper FE4, p. 176.
  3. K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, H. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 11, 311 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Q. Chen, W. P. Risk, Electron. Lett. 30, 1516 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Webjorn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 ( 1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S.-N. Zhu, Y.-Y. Zhu, Z.-J. Yang, H.-F. Wang, Z.-Y. Zhang, J.-F. Hong, C.-Z. Ge, N.-B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 210 (1995).
  9. W. K. Burns, W. McElhanon, L. Goldberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 252 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Q. Chen, W. P. Risk, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 370.
  11. S. Kase, K. Ohi, Ferroelectrics 8, 419 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2943 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Yamamoto, K. Mizuuchi, K. Kitaoka, M. Kato, Opt. Lett. 20, 273 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (5)

S.-N. Zhu, Y.-Y. Zhu, Z.-J. Yang, H.-F. Wang, Z.-Y. Zhang, J.-F. Hong, C.-Z. Ge, N.-B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 210 (1995).

Q. Chen, W. P. Risk, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 370.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2943 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yamamoto, K. Mizuuchi, K. Kitaoka, M. Kato, Opt. Lett. 20, 273 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (5)

W. K. Burns, W. McElhanon, L. Goldberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 252 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, H. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 11, 311 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Q. Chen, W. P. Risk, Electron. Lett. 30, 1516 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Webjorn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 ( 1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

S. Kase, K. Ohi, Ferroelectrics 8, 419 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Barr, J. R. M.

J. Webjorn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 ( 1994).
[CrossRef]

Bierlein, J. D.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bindloss, W.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Burns, W. K.

W. K. Burns, W. McElhanon, L. Goldberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 252 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Chen, Q.

Q. Chen, W. P. Risk, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 370.

Q. Chen, W. P. Risk, Electron. Lett. 30, 1516 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Fejer, M. M.

Fujimura, M.

K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, in Digest of The Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper FE4, p. 176.

Ge, C.-Z.

S.-N. Zhu, Y.-Y. Zhu, Z.-J. Yang, H.-F. Wang, Z.-Y. Zhang, J.-F. Hong, C.-Z. Ge, N.-B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 210 (1995).

Goldberg, L.

W. K. Burns, W. McElhanon, L. Goldberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 252 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

J. Webjorn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 ( 1994).
[CrossRef]

Hong, J.-F.

S.-N. Zhu, Y.-Y. Zhu, Z.-J. Yang, H.-F. Wang, Z.-Y. Zhang, J.-F. Hong, C.-Z. Ge, N.-B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 210 (1995).

Kase, S.

S. Kase, K. Ohi, Ferroelectrics 8, 419 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kato, M.

Kintaka, K.

K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, in Digest of The Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper FE4, p. 176.

Kitaoka, K.

McElhanon, W.

W. K. Burns, W. McElhanon, L. Goldberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 252 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Miller, G. D.

Ming, N.-B.

S.-N. Zhu, Y.-Y. Zhu, Z.-J. Yang, H.-F. Wang, Z.-Y. Zhang, J.-F. Hong, C.-Z. Ge, N.-B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 210 (1995).

Mizuuchi, K.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2943 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamamoto, K. Mizuuchi, K. Kitaoka, M. Kato, Opt. Lett. 20, 273 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, H. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 11, 311 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Myers, L. E.

Nada, N.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, H.

K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, in Digest of The Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper FE4, p. 176.

Ohi, K.

S. Kase, K. Ohi, Ferroelectrics 8, 419 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Pruneri, V.

J. Webjorn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 ( 1994).
[CrossRef]

Risk, W. P.

Q. Chen, W. P. Risk, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 370.

Q. Chen, W. P. Risk, Electron. Lett. 30, 1516 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Roelofs, M. G.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

J. Webjorn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 ( 1994).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, M.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sato, H.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, H. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 11, 311 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Suhara, T.

K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, in Digest of The Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper FE4, p. 176.

Suna, A.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.-F.

S.-N. Zhu, Y.-Y. Zhu, Z.-J. Yang, H.-F. Wang, Z.-Y. Zhang, J.-F. Hong, C.-Z. Ge, N.-B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 210 (1995).

Watanabe, K.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Webjorn, J.

J. Webjorn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 ( 1994).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

K. Yamamoto, K. Mizuuchi, K. Kitaoka, M. Kato, Opt. Lett. 20, 273 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2943 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, H. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 11, 311 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z.-J.

S.-N. Zhu, Y.-Y. Zhu, Z.-J. Yang, H.-F. Wang, Z.-Y. Zhang, J.-F. Hong, C.-Z. Ge, N.-B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 210 (1995).

Zhang, Z.-Y.

S.-N. Zhu, Y.-Y. Zhu, Z.-J. Yang, H.-F. Wang, Z.-Y. Zhang, J.-F. Hong, C.-Z. Ge, N.-B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 210 (1995).

Zhu, S.-N.

S.-N. Zhu, Y.-Y. Zhu, Z.-J. Yang, H.-F. Wang, Z.-Y. Zhang, J.-F. Hong, C.-Z. Ge, N.-B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 210 (1995).

Zhu, Y.-Y.

S.-N. Zhu, Y.-Y. Zhu, Z.-J. Yang, H.-F. Wang, Z.-Y. Zhang, J.-F. Hong, C.-Z. Ge, N.-B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 210 (1995).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, K. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S.-N. Zhu, Y.-Y. Zhu, Z.-J. Yang, H.-F. Wang, Z.-Y. Zhang, J.-F. Hong, C.-Z. Ge, N.-B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 210 (1995).

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2943 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

Q. Chen, W. P. Risk, Electron. Lett. 30, 1516 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Webjorn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 ( 1994).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics (1)

S. Kase, K. Ohi, Ferroelectrics 8, 419 (1974).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

W. K. Burns, W. McElhanon, L. Goldberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 252 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, H. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 11, 311 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

OSA Technical Digest Series (1)

Q. Chen, W. P. Risk, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 370.

Other (1)

K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, in Digest of The Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper FE4, p. 176.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross-sectional microphotographs of the second-order periodically domain-inverted structure, which has a 3.3-μm period, on the y face of LiTaO3 with magnifications of (a) 60× and (b) 250×. A uniform periodically domain-inverted structure was fabricated from the surface to more than 100-μm depth.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured SHG power plotted against the fundamental power in a single pass through the bulk QPM SHG device. The line shows the quadratic relation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured SHG power plotted against the duty cycle of the period. Points, experimental results; solid curve, sin2 calculation.

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