Abstract

We have demonstrated phase-sensitive FM noise spectroscopy, using the frequency noise of a diode laser. We obtained the reference signal for this experiment by sending part of the diode-laser beam through a Mach–Zehnder interferometer, which acted as a frequency discriminator. Both the reference beam (prepared with an interferometer) and the probe beam (which probed a Fabry–Perot cavity) carried amplitude noise converted from the intrinsic frequency noise. Mixing the two noise signals allowed us to measure the absorptive and dispersive responses of the sample. This method may provide a simple and sensitive spectroscopic tool.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1995

T.-C. Zhang, J.-Ph. Poizat, P. Grelut, J.-F. Roch, P. Grangier, F. Marin, A. Bramati, V. Jost, M. D. Levenson, E. Giacobino, Quantum Semiclassic Opt. 7, 601 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

1991

T. Yabuzaki, T. Mitsui, U. Tanaka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2453 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990

M. H. Anderson, R. D. Jones, J. Cooper, S. J. Smith, D. S. Elliott, H. Ritsch, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1346 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988

1983

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, W. Lenth, C. Oritz, Appl. Phys. B 32, 145 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982

C. H. Henry, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 259 (1982); Y. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 34 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1980

R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, M. H.

M. H. Anderson, R. D. Jones, J. Cooper, S. J. Smith, D. S. Elliott, H. Ritsch, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1346 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bjorklund, G. C.

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, W. Lenth, C. Oritz, Appl. Phys. B 32, 145 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Bramati, A.

T.-C. Zhang, J.-Ph. Poizat, P. Grelut, J.-F. Roch, P. Grangier, F. Marin, A. Bramati, V. Jost, M. D. Levenson, E. Giacobino, Quantum Semiclassic Opt. 7, 601 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, J.

D. H. McIntyre, C. E. Fairchild, J. Cooper, R. Walser, Opt. Lett. 18, 1816 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Anderson, R. D. Jones, J. Cooper, S. J. Smith, D. S. Elliott, H. Ritsch, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1346 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dinse, K. P.

Elliott, D. S.

M. H. Anderson, R. D. Jones, J. Cooper, S. J. Smith, D. S. Elliott, H. Ritsch, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1346 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fairchild, C. E.

Giacobino, E.

T.-C. Zhang, J.-Ph. Poizat, P. Grelut, J.-F. Roch, P. Grangier, F. Marin, A. Bramati, V. Jost, M. D. Levenson, E. Giacobino, Quantum Semiclassic Opt. 7, 601 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

T.-C. Zhang, J.-Ph. Poizat, P. Grelut, J.-F. Roch, P. Grangier, F. Marin, A. Bramati, V. Jost, M. D. Levenson, E. Giacobino, Quantum Semiclassic Opt. 7, 601 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Grelut, P.

T.-C. Zhang, J.-Ph. Poizat, P. Grelut, J.-F. Roch, P. Grangier, F. Marin, A. Bramati, V. Jost, M. D. Levenson, E. Giacobino, Quantum Semiclassic Opt. 7, 601 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

Henry, C. H.

C. H. Henry, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 259 (1982); Y. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 34 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R. D.

M. H. Anderson, R. D. Jones, J. Cooper, S. J. Smith, D. S. Elliott, H. Ritsch, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1346 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jost, V.

T.-C. Zhang, J.-Ph. Poizat, P. Grelut, J.-F. Roch, P. Grangier, F. Marin, A. Bramati, V. Jost, M. D. Levenson, E. Giacobino, Quantum Semiclassic Opt. 7, 601 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, K.

R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lang, R.

R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lenth, W.

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, W. Lenth, C. Oritz, Appl. Phys. B 32, 145 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, M. D.

T.-C. Zhang, J.-Ph. Poizat, P. Grelut, J.-F. Roch, P. Grangier, F. Marin, A. Bramati, V. Jost, M. D. Levenson, E. Giacobino, Quantum Semiclassic Opt. 7, 601 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, W. Lenth, C. Oritz, Appl. Phys. B 32, 145 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Marin, F.

T.-C. Zhang, J.-Ph. Poizat, P. Grelut, J.-F. Roch, P. Grangier, F. Marin, A. Bramati, V. Jost, M. D. Levenson, E. Giacobino, Quantum Semiclassic Opt. 7, 601 (1995).
[CrossRef]

McIntyre, D. H.

Mitsui, T.

T. Yabuzaki, T. Mitsui, U. Tanaka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2453 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oritz, C.

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, W. Lenth, C. Oritz, Appl. Phys. B 32, 145 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Poizat, J.-Ph.

T.-C. Zhang, J.-Ph. Poizat, P. Grelut, J.-F. Roch, P. Grangier, F. Marin, A. Bramati, V. Jost, M. D. Levenson, E. Giacobino, Quantum Semiclassic Opt. 7, 601 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ritsch, H.

M. H. Anderson, R. D. Jones, J. Cooper, S. J. Smith, D. S. Elliott, H. Ritsch, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1346 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roch, J.-F.

T.-C. Zhang, J.-Ph. Poizat, P. Grelut, J.-F. Roch, P. Grangier, F. Marin, A. Bramati, V. Jost, M. D. Levenson, E. Giacobino, Quantum Semiclassic Opt. 7, 601 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Smith, S. J.

M. H. Anderson, R. D. Jones, J. Cooper, S. J. Smith, D. S. Elliott, H. Ritsch, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1346 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, U.

T. Yabuzaki, T. Mitsui, U. Tanaka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2453 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walser, R.

Winters, M. P.

Yabuzaki, T.

T. Yabuzaki, T. Mitsui, U. Tanaka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2453 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, T.-C.

T.-C. Zhang, J.-Ph. Poizat, P. Grelut, J.-F. Roch, P. Grangier, F. Marin, A. Bramati, V. Jost, M. D. Levenson, E. Giacobino, Quantum Semiclassic Opt. 7, 601 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zoller, P.

M. H. Anderson, R. D. Jones, J. Cooper, S. J. Smith, D. S. Elliott, H. Ritsch, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1346 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, W. Lenth, C. Oritz, Appl. Phys. B 32, 145 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Henry, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 259 (1982); Y. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 34 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

T. Yabuzaki, T. Mitsui, U. Tanaka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2453 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Anderson, R. D. Jones, J. Cooper, S. J. Smith, D. S. Elliott, H. Ritsch, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1346 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quantum Semiclassic Opt.

T.-C. Zhang, J.-Ph. Poizat, P. Grelut, J.-F. Roch, P. Grangier, F. Marin, A. Bramati, V. Jost, M. D. Levenson, E. Giacobino, Quantum Semiclassic Opt. 7, 601 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: wp, wave plate; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; PZT, piezoelectric transducer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Noise power in the reflection from cavity versus laser detuning. Measurement frequency 45 MHz, RBW 300 kHz, photocurrent 1.5 mA.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power in combined noise from the cavity and the interferometer versus laser detuning. (a) Phase difference of 0°, corresponding to the absorption, and (b) phase difference of 90°, corresponding to the dispersion. Measurement frequency 45 MHz, RBW 300 kHz.

Equations (2)

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I 0 ( t ) = E 0 2 [ 1 + Δ δ cos ( ω m t ) + Δ ϕ sin ( ω m t ) ] ,
P 0 = P r + 2 P r P s cos ( ω m t + φ ) × [ Δ δ cos ( ω m t ) + Δ ϕ sin ( ω m t ) ] .

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