Abstract

Infrared emission at 1.8, 2.9, and 4.3 μm is measured in dysprosium-doped gallium lanthanum sulfide (Ga:La:S) glass excited at 815 nm. Emission cross sections were calculated by Judd–Ofelt analysis, the Füchtbauer–Ladenburg equation, and the theory of McCumber. The στ value for the 4.3-μm transition is ~4000 times larger in the Ga:La:S glass than in a dysprosium-doped LiYF4 crystal, which has lased on this transition. The large στ value and the recently reported ability of Ga:La:S glass to be fabricated into fiber form show the potential for an efficient, low-threshold mid-infrared fiber laser. The fluorescence peak at 4.3 mm coincides with the fundamental absorption of atmospheric carbon dioxide, making the glass a potential laser source for gas-sensing applications.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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