Abstract

We passively mode locked a diode-pumped neodymium lanthanum scandium borate laser with an antiresonant Fabry–Perot saturable absorber and achieved 2.8-ps pulses at an average output power of 400 mW and a pump power of 1.2 W. With Ti:sapphire laser pumping we obtained pulses as short as 1.6 ps. Intracavity doubling produced 190 mW of 531-nm light for a diode-pump power of 1.2 W, resulting in a conversion efficiency of 48% with respect to the fundamental and 16% with respect to the diode-pump power. Noise characterization of the laser demonstrates a trade-off between high conversion efficiency and low intensity noise.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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1995 (5)

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Jung, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, M. Moser, Opt. Lett. 20, 1559 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, E. A. de Souza, W. Y. Jan, J. E. Cunningham, Opt. Lett. 20, 1406 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Braun, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, B. Braun, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 569 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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1993 (2)

1992 (4)

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[CrossRef]

L. R. Marshall, A. D. Hays, A. Kaz, R. L. Burnham, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1158 (1992).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, M. T. Asom, Opt. Lett. 17, 505 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Ellingson, C. L. Tang, Opt. Lett. 17, 343 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

S. A. Kutovoi, V. V. Laptev, S. Y. Matsnev, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Gerstenberger, Lett. 16, 992 (1991).

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1971 (1)

C. B. Hitz, L. M. Osterink, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 378 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

A. Askin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 109 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Asaki, M. T.

Askin, A.

A. Askin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 109 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Asom, M. T.

Backus, S.

Baer, T.

Boyd, G. D.

Bracikowski, C.

Braun, B.

B. Braun, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, B. Braun, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 569 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Weingarten, B. Braun, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 19, 1140 (1994).
[PubMed]

B. Braun, U. Keller, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, T. H. Chiu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 155.

Brovelli, L. R.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Jung, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, M. Moser, Opt. Lett. 20, 1559 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burnham, R. L.

L. R. Marshall, A. D. Hays, A. Kaz, R. L. Burnham, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1158 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

Chiu, T. H.

U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, M. T. Asom, Opt. Lett. 17, 505 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Braun, U. Keller, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, T. H. Chiu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 155.

Cunningham, J. E.

Danailov, M.

de Souza, E. A.

DeSilvestri, S.

Dimmick, T. E.

Dziedzic, J. M.

A. Askin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 109 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. I. Ferguson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1172 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ellingson, R. J.

Ferguson, A. I.

J. R. Lincoln, A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 19, 1213 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. I. Ferguson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1172 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, J. F.

Fiedler, K.

Gerstenberger, D. C.

D. C. Gerstenberger, Lett. 16, 992 (1991).

Harrell, E. M.

Hays, A. D.

L. R. Marshall, A. D. Hays, A. Kaz, R. L. Burnham, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1158 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hitz, C. B.

C. B. Hitz, L. M. Osterink, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 378 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, G. Huber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Elecro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 78.

B. Braun, U. Keller, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, T. H. Chiu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 155.

James, G. E.

Jan, W. Y.

Jensen, T.

J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, G. Huber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Jung, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, M. Moser, Opt. Lett. 20, 1559 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kamp, M.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Jung, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, M. Moser, Opt. Lett. 20, 1559 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kärtner, F. X.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, B. Braun, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 569 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. Braun, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kaz, A.

L. R. Marshall, A. D. Hays, A. Kaz, R. L. Burnham, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1158 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

I. D. Jung, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, M. Moser, Opt. Lett. 20, 1559 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Braun, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, B. Braun, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 569 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Weingarten, B. Braun, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 19, 1140 (1994).
[PubMed]

U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, M. T. Asom, Opt. Lett. 17, 505 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Braun, U. Keller, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, T. H. Chiu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 155.

Knox, W. H.

Kopf, D.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kürz, P.

Kutovoi, S. A.

S. A. Kutovoi, V. V. Laptev, S. Y. Matsnev, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Laptev, V. V.

S. A. Kutovoi, V. V. Laptev, S. Y. Matsnev, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lincoln, J. R.

MacKinnon, N.

N. MacKinnon, B. D. Sinclair, Opt. Commun. 105, 183 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Magni, V.

Malcolm, G. P. A.

G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. I. Ferguson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1172 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, L. R.

L. R. Marshall, A. D. Hays, A. Kaz, R. L. Burnham, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1158 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Matsnev, S. Y.

S. A. Kutovoi, V. V. Laptev, S. Y. Matsnev, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, G. Huber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Elecro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 78.

B. Braun, U. Keller, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, T. H. Chiu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 155.

Miller, D. A. B.

Mlynek, J.

Moser, M.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Jung, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, M. Moser, Opt. Lett. 20, 1559 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

Nabors, C. D.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Negus, D. K.

M. K. Reed, M. K. Steiner-Shepard, D. K. Negus, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WE 2.

Osterink, L. M.

C. B. Hitz, L. M. Osterink, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 378 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Qian, L. J.

Reed, M. K.

M. K. Reed, M. K. Steiner-Shepard, D. K. Negus, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WE 2.

Roy, R.

Schiller, S.

Shi, C.

Sinclair, B. D.

N. MacKinnon, B. D. Sinclair, Opt. Commun. 105, 183 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Steiner-Shepard, M. K.

M. K. Reed, M. K. Steiner-Shepard, D. K. Negus, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WE 2.

Svelto, O.

Tang, C. L.

Tsuda, S.

Weingarten, K. J.

B. Braun, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Weingarten, B. Braun, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 19, 1140 (1994).
[PubMed]

Wiesenfeld, K.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. Braun, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, B. Braun, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 569 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. B. Hitz, L. M. Osterink, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 378 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

L. R. Marshall, A. D. Hays, A. Kaz, R. L. Burnham, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1158 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, G. Huber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Askin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 109 (1966).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. I. Ferguson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1172 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Lett. (1)

D. C. Gerstenberger, Lett. 16, 992 (1991).

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. MacKinnon, B. D. Sinclair, Opt. Commun. 105, 183 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (11)

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. A. Kutovoi, V. V. Laptev, S. Y. Matsnev, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Elecro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 78.

M. K. Reed, M. K. Steiner-Shepard, D. K. Negus, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WE 2.

B. Braun, U. Keller, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, T. H. Chiu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 155.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup with the structure of the low-finesse A-FPSA (not to scale).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Passive mode-locking results without intracavity frequency doubling: (a) noncollinear autocorrelation; (b) optical spectrum, resulting in a time–bandwidth product of 0.8.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity noise spectral density measured with a photodiode and a microwave spectrum analyzer in dBc (1 Hz), i.e., the number of decibels below the first laser harmonic signal with a 1-Hz bandwidth. (a) The system noise floor (with the incident laser beam blocked at the photodiode). Also shown are noise sidebands for (b) the passively mode-locked Nd:LSB laser without the BBO crystal (0.8% rms noise integrated from 10 Hz to 1 MHz), (c) the intracavity-doubled green laser with 130-mW output power (2.5% rms noise integrated from 10 Hz to 1 MHz), and (d) the intracavity-doubled green laser with 190-mW output power (12% noise integrated from 10 Hz to 1 MHz).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Low-frequency green intensity noise at 190-mW power measured with a digital oscilloscope for 10 s with 500 data points.

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