Abstract

Quantitative one-dimensional single-pulse temperature measurements by broadband N2 vibrational coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) are presented. A planar BOXCARS phase-matching geometry was used to generate the CARS signal along a 6.16-mm path positioned perpendicularly to the beam propagation. Depending on the imaging optics used, a spatial resolution of 86 μm was achieved. The applicability of this technique for measuring temperature gradients is demonstrated in a premixed laminar CH4–air flame.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. R. Regnier, J. P.-E. Taran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 240 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. B. Roh, P. W. Schreiber, J. P. E. Taran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 174 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Lapp, C. M. Penney, eds. Laser Raman Gas Diagnostics (Plenum, New York, 1974).
  4. A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species (Abacus, Cambridge, Mass., 1988).
  5. A. Leipertz, “Temperaturbestimmung in Gasen mittels linearer und nichtlinearer Raman-Prozesse,” thesis of habilitation (Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany, 1984).
  6. A. C. Eckbreth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 421 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. A. Murphy, M. B. Long, R. K. Chang, A. C. Eckbreth, Opt. Lett. 4, 167 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. H. Stufflebeam, A. C. Eckbreth, in Non-Instructive Combustion Diagnostics, K. K. Kuo, T. P. Parr, eds. (Begell, New York, 1994), pp. 115–131.
  9. J. B. Snow, J.-B. Zheng, R. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 8, 599 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Kurtz, Appl. Opt. 28, 5207 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Bradley, M. Lawes, M. J. Scott, C. G. W. Sheppard, D. A. Greenhalgh, P. M. Porter, in Proceedings of the Twenty-Forth International Symposium on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1992), pp. 527–535.
  12. A. Thumann, T. Seeger, A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 34, 3313–3317 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. R. Snelling, G. J. Smallwood, R. A. Sawchuk, Appl. Opt. 28, 3226 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. D. R. Snelling, G. J. Smallwood, T. Parameswaran, Appl. Opt. 28, 3233 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. E. Magens, “Nutzung von Rotations-CARS zur Temperature- und Konzentrationsbestimmung in Flammen,” Ph.D. dissertation (Universität Erlangen–Nürnberg, 1992 ;Berichte zur Energie- und Verfahrenstechnik -BEV-, Heft.93.2, ESYTEC, Erlangen, Germany, 1993).
  16. L. A. Rahn, R. E. Palmer, M. L. Koszykowski, D. A. Greenhalgh, Chem. Phys. Lett. 133, 513 (1987).
    [CrossRef]

1995

1989

1987

L. A. Rahn, R. E. Palmer, M. L. Koszykowski, D. A. Greenhalgh, Chem. Phys. Lett. 133, 513 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1983

1979

1978

A. C. Eckbreth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 421 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1976

W. B. Roh, P. W. Schreiber, J. P. E. Taran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 174 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1973

P. R. Regnier, J. P.-E. Taran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 240 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, D.

D. Bradley, M. Lawes, M. J. Scott, C. G. W. Sheppard, D. A. Greenhalgh, P. M. Porter, in Proceedings of the Twenty-Forth International Symposium on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1992), pp. 527–535.

Chang, R. K.

Eckbreth, A. C.

D. A. Murphy, M. B. Long, R. K. Chang, A. C. Eckbreth, Opt. Lett. 4, 167 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Eckbreth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 421 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Stufflebeam, A. C. Eckbreth, in Non-Instructive Combustion Diagnostics, K. K. Kuo, T. P. Parr, eds. (Begell, New York, 1994), pp. 115–131.

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species (Abacus, Cambridge, Mass., 1988).

Greenhalgh, D. A.

L. A. Rahn, R. E. Palmer, M. L. Koszykowski, D. A. Greenhalgh, Chem. Phys. Lett. 133, 513 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. Bradley, M. Lawes, M. J. Scott, C. G. W. Sheppard, D. A. Greenhalgh, P. M. Porter, in Proceedings of the Twenty-Forth International Symposium on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1992), pp. 527–535.

Koszykowski, M. L.

L. A. Rahn, R. E. Palmer, M. L. Koszykowski, D. A. Greenhalgh, Chem. Phys. Lett. 133, 513 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kurtz, A.

A. Kurtz, Appl. Opt. 28, 5207 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lawes, M.

D. Bradley, M. Lawes, M. J. Scott, C. G. W. Sheppard, D. A. Greenhalgh, P. M. Porter, in Proceedings of the Twenty-Forth International Symposium on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1992), pp. 527–535.

Leipertz, A.

A. Thumann, T. Seeger, A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 34, 3313–3317 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Leipertz, “Temperaturbestimmung in Gasen mittels linearer und nichtlinearer Raman-Prozesse,” thesis of habilitation (Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany, 1984).

Long, M. B.

Magens, E.

E. Magens, “Nutzung von Rotations-CARS zur Temperature- und Konzentrationsbestimmung in Flammen,” Ph.D. dissertation (Universität Erlangen–Nürnberg, 1992 ;Berichte zur Energie- und Verfahrenstechnik -BEV-, Heft.93.2, ESYTEC, Erlangen, Germany, 1993).

Murphy, D. A.

Palmer, R. E.

L. A. Rahn, R. E. Palmer, M. L. Koszykowski, D. A. Greenhalgh, Chem. Phys. Lett. 133, 513 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Parameswaran, T.

Porter, P. M.

D. Bradley, M. Lawes, M. J. Scott, C. G. W. Sheppard, D. A. Greenhalgh, P. M. Porter, in Proceedings of the Twenty-Forth International Symposium on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1992), pp. 527–535.

Rahn, L. A.

L. A. Rahn, R. E. Palmer, M. L. Koszykowski, D. A. Greenhalgh, Chem. Phys. Lett. 133, 513 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Regnier, P. R.

P. R. Regnier, J. P.-E. Taran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 240 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Roh, W. B.

W. B. Roh, P. W. Schreiber, J. P. E. Taran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 174 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Sawchuk, R. A.

Schreiber, P. W.

W. B. Roh, P. W. Schreiber, J. P. E. Taran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 174 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Scott, M. J.

D. Bradley, M. Lawes, M. J. Scott, C. G. W. Sheppard, D. A. Greenhalgh, P. M. Porter, in Proceedings of the Twenty-Forth International Symposium on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1992), pp. 527–535.

Seeger, T.

Sheppard, C. G. W.

D. Bradley, M. Lawes, M. J. Scott, C. G. W. Sheppard, D. A. Greenhalgh, P. M. Porter, in Proceedings of the Twenty-Forth International Symposium on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1992), pp. 527–535.

Smallwood, G. J.

Snelling, D. R.

Snow, J. B.

Stufflebeam, J. H.

J. H. Stufflebeam, A. C. Eckbreth, in Non-Instructive Combustion Diagnostics, K. K. Kuo, T. P. Parr, eds. (Begell, New York, 1994), pp. 115–131.

Taran, J. P. E.

W. B. Roh, P. W. Schreiber, J. P. E. Taran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 174 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Taran, J. P.-E.

P. R. Regnier, J. P.-E. Taran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 240 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Thumann, A.

Zheng, J.-B.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. C. Eckbreth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 421 (1978).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Regnier, J. P.-E. Taran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 240 (1973).
[CrossRef]

W. B. Roh, P. W. Schreiber, J. P. E. Taran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 174 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

L. A. Rahn, R. E. Palmer, M. L. Koszykowski, D. A. Greenhalgh, Chem. Phys. Lett. 133, 513 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

M. Lapp, C. M. Penney, eds. Laser Raman Gas Diagnostics (Plenum, New York, 1974).

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species (Abacus, Cambridge, Mass., 1988).

A. Leipertz, “Temperaturbestimmung in Gasen mittels linearer und nichtlinearer Raman-Prozesse,” thesis of habilitation (Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany, 1984).

J. H. Stufflebeam, A. C. Eckbreth, in Non-Instructive Combustion Diagnostics, K. K. Kuo, T. P. Parr, eds. (Begell, New York, 1994), pp. 115–131.

D. Bradley, M. Lawes, M. J. Scott, C. G. W. Sheppard, D. A. Greenhalgh, P. M. Porter, in Proceedings of the Twenty-Forth International Symposium on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1992), pp. 527–535.

E. Magens, “Nutzung von Rotations-CARS zur Temperature- und Konzentrationsbestimmung in Flammen,” Ph.D. dissertation (Universität Erlangen–Nürnberg, 1992 ;Berichte zur Energie- und Verfahrenstechnik -BEV-, Heft.93.2, ESYTEC, Erlangen, Germany, 1993).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Single-pulse 1D-CARS image at (a) room temperature and (b) an oven temperature of 1200 K.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical temperature distribution of a single-pulse 1D-CARS image as a function of spatial position for different oven temperatures (solid curves, CARS measurements; dashed curves, adjusted oven temperatures).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity distribution of a single-shot 1D-CARS image taken in a laminar premixed CH4–air flame at atmospheric pressure.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Radial temperature distribution crossing the flame front in a laminar premixed CH4–air flame at atmospheric pressure evaluated from the single-shot 1D-CARS image shown in Fig. 3.

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