Abstract

Polarization-selective computer-generated holograms made with form-birefringent nanostructures were designed, fabricated, and evaluated experimentally at 1.5 μm. The fabricated element showed a large polarization contrast ratio (>250:1) and a high diffraction efficiency (>40% for a binary phase level element). The experimental evaluation was in good agreement with the design and modeling predictions.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. N. Nieuborg, C. Van de Poel, A. Kirk, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995) p. 124.
  4. F. Xu, R. Tyan, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, Opt. Lett. 21, 516(1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, London, 1986).
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    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Kipfer, M. Collischon, H. Haidner, J. Schwider, N. Streibl, J. Lindolf, Opt. Eng. 33, 79 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Xu, R. C. Tyan, P. C. Sun, C. C. Cheng, A. Scherer, Y. Fainman, Opt. Lett. 20, 2457 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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1996 (1)

1995 (4)

1994 (1)

P. Kipfer, M. Collischon, H. Haidner, J. Schwider, N. Streibl, J. Lindolf, Opt. Eng. 33, 79 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

S. Aoyama, T. Yamashita, Proc. SPIE 1545, 241 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

D. C. Flanders, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 492 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1956 (1)

S. M. Rytov, Sov. Phys. JETP 2, 466 (1956).

Aoyama, S.

S. Aoyama, T. Yamashita, Proc. SPIE 1545, 241 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, London, 1986).

Chen, F. T.

Cheng, C. C.

Collischon, M.

P. Kipfer, M. Collischon, H. Haidner, J. Schwider, N. Streibl, J. Lindolf, Opt. Eng. 33, 79 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Craighead, H. G.

Fainman, Y.

Flanders, D. C.

D. C. Flanders, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 492 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ford, J.

Gaylord, T. K.

Glytsis, E. N.

Haidner, H.

P. Kipfer, M. Collischon, H. Haidner, J. Schwider, N. Streibl, J. Lindolf, Opt. Eng. 33, 79 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kipfer, P.

P. Kipfer, M. Collischon, H. Haidner, J. Schwider, N. Streibl, J. Lindolf, Opt. Eng. 33, 79 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kirk, A.

N. Nieuborg, C. Van de Poel, A. Kirk, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995) p. 124.

Lindolf, J.

P. Kipfer, M. Collischon, H. Haidner, J. Schwider, N. Streibl, J. Lindolf, Opt. Eng. 33, 79 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nieuborg, N.

N. Nieuborg, C. Van de Poel, A. Kirk, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995) p. 124.

Richter, I.

Rytov, S. M.

S. M. Rytov, Sov. Phys. JETP 2, 466 (1956).

Scherer, A.

Schwider, J.

P. Kipfer, M. Collischon, H. Haidner, J. Schwider, N. Streibl, J. Lindolf, Opt. Eng. 33, 79 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Streibl, N.

P. Kipfer, M. Collischon, H. Haidner, J. Schwider, N. Streibl, J. Lindolf, Opt. Eng. 33, 79 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sun, P. C.

Thienpont, H.

N. Nieuborg, C. Van de Poel, A. Kirk, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995) p. 124.

Tyan, R.

Tyan, R. C.

Urquhart, K.

Van de Poel, C.

N. Nieuborg, C. Van de Poel, A. Kirk, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995) p. 124.

Veretennicoff, I.

N. Nieuborg, C. Van de Poel, A. Kirk, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995) p. 124.

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, London, 1986).

Xu, F.

Yamashita, T.

S. Aoyama, T. Yamashita, Proc. SPIE 1545, 241 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. C. Flanders, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 492 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

P. Kipfer, M. Collischon, H. Haidner, J. Schwider, N. Streibl, J. Lindolf, Opt. Eng. 33, 79 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Aoyama, T. Yamashita, Proc. SPIE 1545, 241 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

S. M. Rytov, Sov. Phys. JETP 2, 466 (1956).

Other (2)

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, London, 1986).

N. Nieuborg, C. Van de Poel, A. Kirk, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995) p. 124.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

FBCGH design: one period in a FBCGH.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scanning electron micrograph of the fabricated FBCGH.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the experimental evaluation of the fabricated FBCGH.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measured Results of the Fabricated FBCGHa

Equations (6)

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( 2 π / λ ) ( n s n TE ) d = Φ TE , ( 2 π / λ ) ( n s n TM ) d = Φ TM ,
n 2 TE = { n 0 TE 2 + 1 3 [ Λ π F λ ( 1 F ) ( n 2 n 0 2 ) ] 2 } 1 / 2 , n 2 TM = { n 0 TM 2 + 1 3 [ Λ π F λ n 0 TM 3 n 0 TE × ( 1 F ) ( 1 n 2 1 n 0 2 ) ] 2 } 1 / 2 ,
n 0 TE = [ F n 2 + ( 1 F ) n 0 2 ] 1 / 2 , n 0 TM = [ ( n 0 n ) 2 F n 0 2 + ( 1 F ) n 2 ] 1 / 2
Λ λ / n s
n s n TE n s n TM = Φ TE Φ TM = 1 : 2.
n 2 TE = 2.309 ,             n 2 TM = 1.2447 .

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