Abstract

An optical parametric amplifier (OPA) has been demonstrated in bulk, periodically poled lithium niobate and is shown to operate with a noise figure well below the classical limit. In contrast to conventional OPA's, this device uses quasi-phase matching to provide the coupling between the pump and the signal. Comparison of the measured performance with that of a theoretical model reveals that the main intrinsic contribution to the output noise is due to spatial and temporal mode mixing, which arises as a consequence of tight focusing of the incident beams. Factors that affect the performance of this amplifier are identified theoretically and their relative importance investigated for both amplification and squeezing.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. W. Wenshan, Z. Qun, G. Zhaohua, F. Duan, J. Crystal Growth 79, 706 (1986), A. Feisst, P. Koidl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1125 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Webjörn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. L. Bortz, M. A. Abore, M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 20, 49 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. V. Pruneri, J. Webjörn, P. St. J. Russell, D. C. Hanna, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2126 (1995); L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. Bencheikh, E. Huntziger, J. A. Levenson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 847 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. A. Levenson, I. Abram, T. Rivera, P. Grangier, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2233 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. E. Anderson, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, J. D. Bierlein, Opt. Lett. 20, 620 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. K. Serkland, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Y. Yamomoto, Opt. Lett. 20, 1649 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. L. Lovering, J. A. Levenson, “Quantum noise and squeezing in multi-mode parametric interactions,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).
  11. R. Loudon, P. L. Knight, J. Mod. Opt. 34, 709 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Bencheikh, O. Lopez, I. Abram, J. A. Levenson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 399 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. La Porta, R. E. Slusher, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2013 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. D. Li, S. K. Choi, C. Kim, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3429 (1995); R. D. Li, S. K. Choi, P. Kumar, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 7, 705 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (7)

V. Pruneri, J. Webjörn, P. St. J. Russell, D. C. Hanna, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2126 (1995); L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Bencheikh, O. Lopez, I. Abram, J. A. Levenson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 399 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Li, S. K. Choi, C. Kim, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3429 (1995); R. D. Li, S. K. Choi, P. Kumar, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 7, 705 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Bencheikh, E. Huntziger, J. A. Levenson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 847 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Bortz, M. A. Abore, M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 20, 49 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Anderson, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, J. D. Bierlein, Opt. Lett. 20, 620 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Serkland, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Y. Yamomoto, Opt. Lett. 20, 1649 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

J. Webjörn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

A. La Porta, R. E. Slusher, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2013 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

R. Loudon, P. L. Knight, J. Mod. Opt. 34, 709 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

W. Wenshan, Z. Qun, G. Zhaohua, F. Duan, J. Crystal Growth 79, 706 (1986), A. Feisst, P. Koidl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1125 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Abore, M. A.

Abram, I.

K. Bencheikh, O. Lopez, I. Abram, J. A. Levenson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 399 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Levenson, I. Abram, T. Rivera, P. Grangier, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, M. E.

Barr, J. R. M.

J. Webjörn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Beck, M.

Bencheikh, K.

K. Bencheikh, E. Huntziger, J. A. Levenson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 847 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Bencheikh, O. Lopez, I. Abram, J. A. Levenson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 399 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bierlein, J. D.

Bortz, M. L.

Byer, R. L.

Choi, S. K.

R. D. Li, S. K. Choi, C. Kim, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3429 (1995); R. D. Li, S. K. Choi, P. Kumar, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 7, 705 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, F.

W. Wenshan, Z. Qun, G. Zhaohua, F. Duan, J. Crystal Growth 79, 706 (1986), A. Feisst, P. Koidl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1125 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Grangier, P.

Hanna, D. C.

V. Pruneri, J. Webjörn, P. St. J. Russell, D. C. Hanna, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2126 (1995); L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Webjörn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Huntziger, E.

Kim, C.

R. D. Li, S. K. Choi, C. Kim, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3429 (1995); R. D. Li, S. K. Choi, P. Kumar, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 7, 705 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, P. L.

R. Loudon, P. L. Knight, J. Mod. Opt. 34, 709 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

R. D. Li, S. K. Choi, C. Kim, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3429 (1995); R. D. Li, S. K. Choi, P. Kumar, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 7, 705 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

La Porta, A.

A. La Porta, R. E. Slusher, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2013 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Levenson, J. A.

K. Bencheikh, O. Lopez, I. Abram, J. A. Levenson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 399 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Bencheikh, E. Huntziger, J. A. Levenson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 847 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Levenson, I. Abram, T. Rivera, P. Grangier, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Lovering, J. A. Levenson, “Quantum noise and squeezing in multi-mode parametric interactions,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Li, R. D.

R. D. Li, S. K. Choi, C. Kim, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3429 (1995); R. D. Li, S. K. Choi, P. Kumar, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 7, 705 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lim, E. J.

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, O.

K. Bencheikh, O. Lopez, I. Abram, J. A. Levenson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 399 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Loudon, R.

R. Loudon, P. L. Knight, J. Mod. Opt. 34, 709 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lovering, D. L.

D. L. Lovering, J. A. Levenson, “Quantum noise and squeezing in multi-mode parametric interactions,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Pruneri, V.

V. Pruneri, J. Webjörn, P. St. J. Russell, D. C. Hanna, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2126 (1995); L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Webjörn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Qun, Z.

W. Wenshan, Z. Qun, G. Zhaohua, F. Duan, J. Crystal Growth 79, 706 (1986), A. Feisst, P. Koidl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1125 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M. G.

Rivera, T.

Russell, P. St. J.

V. Pruneri, J. Webjörn, P. St. J. Russell, D. C. Hanna, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2126 (1995); L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Webjörn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Serkland, D. K.

Slusher, R. E.

A. La Porta, R. E. Slusher, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2013 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Webjörn, J.

V. Pruneri, J. Webjörn, P. St. J. Russell, D. C. Hanna, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2126 (1995); L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Webjörn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wenshan, W.

W. Wenshan, Z. Qun, G. Zhaohua, F. Duan, J. Crystal Growth 79, 706 (1986), A. Feisst, P. Koidl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1125 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Yamomoto, Y.

Zhaohua, G.

W. Wenshan, Z. Qun, G. Zhaohua, F. Duan, J. Crystal Growth 79, 706 (1986), A. Feisst, P. Koidl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1125 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

V. Pruneri, J. Webjörn, P. St. J. Russell, D. C. Hanna, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2126 (1995); L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Bencheikh, O. Lopez, I. Abram, J. A. Levenson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 399 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. Webjörn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 30, 894 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Crystal Growth (1)

W. Wenshan, Z. Qun, G. Zhaohua, F. Duan, J. Crystal Growth 79, 706 (1986), A. Feisst, P. Koidl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1125 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

R. Loudon, P. L. Knight, J. Mod. Opt. 34, 709 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

A. La Porta, R. E. Slusher, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2013 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. D. Li, S. K. Choi, C. Kim, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3429 (1995); R. D. Li, S. K. Choi, P. Kumar, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 7, 705 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

D. L. Lovering, J. A. Levenson, “Quantum noise and squeezing in multi-mode parametric interactions,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration. An arrangement was also provided to monitor the SHG efficiency with incident light at 1.054 μm only.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temperature dependence of the SHG efficiency (inset) and amplification–deamplification (plotted in reciprocals) for a fixed pump power. Curves have been added to emphasize the behavior.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Deamplification and measured noise as a function of pump power. The curves are given by the theory with temporal integration over the signal pulse envelope and phase instability of the incident waves equal to λ/30 (17 nm) included. Solid curves, signal power; dashed curves, optical noise. Inset: theoretical curves with phase instability neglected (B) and with integration over envelopes neglected as well (A).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Signal and noise at the output of the OPA as a function of the relative phase between the signal and the pump subharmonic. These values were calculated at the (simultaneous) peak of both pump and signal pulse envelopes, and 0 dB corresponds to a gain of 1. (b) Overall noise figure calculated from curves in (a). For these curves the pump power was taken to be 1.7 mW, yielding a peak parametric gain of 11.6.

Metrics