Abstract

We report on self-starting passively mode-locked diode-pumped 1.3-μm lasers obtained by use of semiconductor saturable absorbers. We achieved pulses as short as 4.6 ps in Nd:YVO4 and 5.7 ps in Nd:YLF with average output powers of 50 and 130 mW, respectively.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Zhou, G. P. A. Malcolm, A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 16, 1101 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. A. Armstrong, A. Robertson, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 334.
  3. J. D. Kafka, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2147 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, M. T. Asom, Opt. Lett. 17, 505 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 169 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, E. A. D. Souza, W. Y. Jan, J. E. Cunningham, Opt. Lett. 20, 1406 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Fluck, I. D. Jung, G. Zhang, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 21, 743 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. L. R. Brovelli, U. Keller, T. H. Chiu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 311 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. X. Kärtner, B. Braun, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 569 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (6)

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, B. Braun, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 569 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Brovelli, U. Keller, T. H. Chiu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kafka, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2147 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, E. A. D. Souza, W. Y. Jan, J. E. Cunningham, Opt. Lett. 20, 1406 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

1987 (1)

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 169 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, D. A.

D. A. Armstrong, A. Robertson, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 334.

Asom, M. T.

Birnbaum, M.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

Braun, B.

F. X. Kärtner, B. Braun, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 569 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brovelli, L. R.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Brovelli, U. Keller, T. H. Chiu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Calasso, I.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, T. H.

Cunningham, J. E.

Ferguson, A. I.

F. Zhou, G. P. A. Malcolm, A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 16, 1101 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Armstrong, A. Robertson, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 334.

Ferguson, J. F.

Fields, R. A.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fluck, R.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 169 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Jan, W. Y.

Jung, I. D.

R. Fluck, I. D. Jung, G. Zhang, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 21, 743 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kafka, J. D.

Kamp, M.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

R. Fluck, I. D. Jung, G. Zhang, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 21, 743 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, B. Braun, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 569 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

R. Fluck, I. D. Jung, G. Zhang, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 21, 743 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Brovelli, U. Keller, T. H. Chiu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, B. Braun, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 569 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, M. T. Asom, Opt. Lett. 17, 505 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knox, W. H.

Kopf, D.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Langford, N.

D. A. Armstrong, A. Robertson, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 334.

Malcolm, G. P. A.

Miller, D. A. B.

Moser, M.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, A.

D. A. Armstrong, A. Robertson, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 334.

Souza, E. A. D.

Tsuda, S.

Zhang, G.

Zhou, F.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, B. Braun, U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 61, 569 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 169 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Eng. (1)

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (1)

D. A. Armstrong, A. Robertson, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 334.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic structure and refractive-index profile with the standing-wave intensity distribution of (a) the high-finesse and (b) the low-finesse AFPSA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Lifetime measurements with 150-fs pulses at a wavelength of ≈1.3 μm and a pulse energy density of approximately the saturation fluence for the high- and low-finesse AFPSA's. The maximum modulation depth of the low-finesse AFPSA is approximately ten times higher than that of the high-finesse device.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation trace and spectrum of Nd:YLF when a high-finesse low-insertion-loss AFPSA is used, with and without nitrogen purging.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation trace and spectrum of Nd:YVO4 when a low-finesse AFPSA is used.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Laser spectrum of Nd:YLF overlapped with the calculated water-vapor absorption lines.

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