Abstract

High pulse energies of nanosecond-level fourth- and fifth-harmonic (4ω and ) generation of a Nd:YAG laser have been obtained with a CsLiB6O10 (CLBO) nonlinear crystal. 500 mJ of 4ω output with a conversion efficiency of 50% from the second-harmonic input was generated. 5ω output at 213 nm of as high as 230 mJ was obtained by sum-frequency generation of the 266- and 1064-nm beams, corresponding to a 10.4% conversion efficiency of the initial fundamental input energy. The characteristics of the CLBO crystal that permit this effective frequency conversion are discussed.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jian, G. You, Sci. Sin. B 7, 579 (1984).
  2. A. Lago, R. Wallenstein, C. Chen, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 13, 221 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. K. Tyminski, C. D. Nabors, G. Frangineas, D. K. Negus, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, T.Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington D. C., 1995), paper MD2.
  4. W. Wiechmann, L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, Y. Taguchi, H. Wada, Y. Minoya, T. Okamoto, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CTuM1.
  5. Y. Wu, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, A. Yokotani, H. Tang, C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2614 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Mei, Y Wang, C. Chen, B. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 7014 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, G. You, R. Li, S. Lin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Sasaki, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, Y. Mori, S. Nakai, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper WD3.
  9. Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1818 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Sasaki, Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, S. Nakai, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. C 51, 2222 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Mori, Y. K. Yap, M. Inagaki, S. Nakajima, A. Taguchi, W. L. Zhou, T. Sasaki, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of Topics in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 341.

1995 (2)

Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1818 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Sasaki, Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, S. Nakai, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. C 51, 2222 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

Y. Wu, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, A. Yokotani, H. Tang, C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Mei, Y Wang, C. Chen, B. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 7014 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

1984 (1)

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jian, G. You, Sci. Sin. B 7, 579 (1984).

Byer, R. L.

Chen, C.

L. Mei, Y Wang, C. Chen, B. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 7014 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, A. Yokotani, H. Tang, C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, G. You, R. Li, S. Lin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Lago, R. Wallenstein, C. Chen, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 13, 221 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jian, G. You, Sci. Sin. B 7, 579 (1984).

Fan, Y. X.

Frangineas, G.

J. K. Tyminski, C. D. Nabors, G. Frangineas, D. K. Negus, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, T.Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington D. C., 1995), paper MD2.

Inagaki, M.

Y. Mori, Y. K. Yap, M. Inagaki, S. Nakajima, A. Taguchi, W. L. Zhou, T. Sasaki, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of Topics in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 341.

Jian, A.

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jian, G. You, Sci. Sin. B 7, 579 (1984).

Jiang, A.

Kubota, S.

W. Wiechmann, L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, Y. Taguchi, H. Wada, Y. Minoya, T. Okamoto, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CTuM1.

Kuroda, I.

T. Sasaki, Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, S. Nakai, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. C 51, 2222 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1818 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Sasaki, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, Y. Mori, S. Nakai, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper WD3.

Lago, A.

Li, R.

Lin, S.

Liu, L. Y.

W. Wiechmann, L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, Y. Taguchi, H. Wada, Y. Minoya, T. Okamoto, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CTuM1.

Mei, L.

L. Mei, Y Wang, C. Chen, B. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 7014 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Minoya, Y.

W. Wiechmann, L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, Y. Taguchi, H. Wada, Y. Minoya, T. Okamoto, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CTuM1.

Mori, Y.

T. Sasaki, Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, S. Nakai, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. C 51, 2222 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1818 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mori, Y. K. Yap, M. Inagaki, S. Nakajima, A. Taguchi, W. L. Zhou, T. Sasaki, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of Topics in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 341.

T. Sasaki, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, Y. Mori, S. Nakai, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper WD3.

Nabors, C. D.

J. K. Tyminski, C. D. Nabors, G. Frangineas, D. K. Negus, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, T.Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington D. C., 1995), paper MD2.

Nakai, S.

Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1818 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Sasaki, Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, S. Nakai, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. C 51, 2222 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, A. Yokotani, H. Tang, C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Sasaki, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, Y. Mori, S. Nakai, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper WD3.

Nakajima, S.

T. Sasaki, Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, S. Nakai, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. C 51, 2222 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1818 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mori, Y. K. Yap, M. Inagaki, S. Nakajima, A. Taguchi, W. L. Zhou, T. Sasaki, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of Topics in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 341.

T. Sasaki, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, Y. Mori, S. Nakai, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper WD3.

Negus, D. K.

J. K. Tyminski, C. D. Nabors, G. Frangineas, D. K. Negus, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, T.Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington D. C., 1995), paper MD2.

Oka, M.

W. Wiechmann, L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, Y. Taguchi, H. Wada, Y. Minoya, T. Okamoto, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CTuM1.

Okamoto, T.

W. Wiechmann, L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, Y. Taguchi, H. Wada, Y. Minoya, T. Okamoto, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CTuM1.

Sasaki, T.

T. Sasaki, Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, S. Nakai, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. C 51, 2222 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1818 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, A. Yokotani, H. Tang, C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Sasaki, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, Y. Mori, S. Nakai, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper WD3.

Y. Mori, Y. K. Yap, M. Inagaki, S. Nakajima, A. Taguchi, W. L. Zhou, T. Sasaki, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of Topics in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 341.

Taguchi, A.

Y. Mori, Y. K. Yap, M. Inagaki, S. Nakajima, A. Taguchi, W. L. Zhou, T. Sasaki, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of Topics in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 341.

Taguchi, Y.

W. Wiechmann, L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, Y. Taguchi, H. Wada, Y. Minoya, T. Okamoto, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CTuM1.

Tang, H.

Y. Wu, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, A. Yokotani, H. Tang, C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tyminski, J. K.

J. K. Tyminski, C. D. Nabors, G. Frangineas, D. K. Negus, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, T.Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington D. C., 1995), paper MD2.

Wada, H.

W. Wiechmann, L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, Y. Taguchi, H. Wada, Y. Minoya, T. Okamoto, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CTuM1.

Wallenstein, R.

Wang, Y

L. Mei, Y Wang, C. Chen, B. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 7014 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

T. Sasaki, Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, S. Nakai, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. C 51, 2222 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Sasaki, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, Y. Mori, S. Nakai, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper WD3.

Wiechmann, W.

W. Wiechmann, L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, Y. Taguchi, H. Wada, Y. Minoya, T. Okamoto, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CTuM1.

Wu, B.

L. Mei, Y Wang, C. Chen, B. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 7014 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jian, G. You, Sci. Sin. B 7, 579 (1984).

Wu, Y.

Y. Wu, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, A. Yokotani, H. Tang, C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, G. You, R. Li, S. Lin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, K.

T. Sasaki, Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, S. Nakai, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. C 51, 2222 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Sasaki, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, Y. Mori, S. Nakai, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper WD3.

Yap, Y. K.

Y. Mori, Y. K. Yap, M. Inagaki, S. Nakajima, A. Taguchi, W. L. Zhou, T. Sasaki, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of Topics in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 341.

Yokotani, A.

Y. Wu, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, A. Yokotani, H. Tang, C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

You, G.

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, G. You, R. Li, S. Lin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jian, G. You, Sci. Sin. B 7, 579 (1984).

Zhou, W. L.

Y. Mori, Y. K. Yap, M. Inagaki, S. Nakajima, A. Taguchi, W. L. Zhou, T. Sasaki, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of Topics in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 341.

Acta Crystallogr. Sect. C (1)

T. Sasaki, Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, S. Nakai, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. C 51, 2222 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1818 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, A. Yokotani, H. Tang, C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. Mei, Y Wang, C. Chen, B. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 7014 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sci. Sin. B (1)

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jian, G. You, Sci. Sin. B 7, 579 (1984).

Other (4)

Y. Mori, Y. K. Yap, M. Inagaki, S. Nakajima, A. Taguchi, W. L. Zhou, T. Sasaki, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of Topics in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 341.

T. Sasaki, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, S. Watanabe, Y. Mori, S. Nakai, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, T. Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper WD3.

J. K. Tyminski, C. D. Nabors, G. Frangineas, D. K. Negus, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, T.Y. Fan, B. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington D. C., 1995), paper MD2.

W. Wiechmann, L. Y. Liu, M. Oka, Y. Taguchi, H. Wada, Y. Minoya, T. Okamoto, S. Kubota, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CTuM1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Output energy of the 4ω Nd:YAG laser 266 nm versus input energy of the 2ω laser at 532 nm. The corresponding conversion efficiency is shown by the dotted curve.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for 5ω generation of the Nd:YAG laser. Three samples of 5ω CLBO crystals of various lengths are investigated. ω, fundamental.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output energies of the three CLBO crystals used for 5ω generation. The output energy at 213 nm is shown as a function of the 1064-nm initial energy.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Harmonic output energies as a function of the initial 1064-nm energy.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 NLO Propertiesa of CLBO and BBOb

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