Abstract

A bistatic imaging lidar system using a cooled CCD camera as a detector has been developed for the observation of aerosols, fog, and clouds in the lower atmosphere, especially within several hundred meters of the Earth's surface. Theoretical discussion showed that the received signal does not depend on the measured range. The potential of the bistatic imaging lidar was confirmed through results of nighttime observations of atmospheric phenomena up to 300 m. A range-resolved profile was obtained without scanning and with a very short time resolution, within 1 min.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. Fiocco, L. D. Smullin, Nature (London) 199, 1275 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Elterman, J. Geophys Res. 56, 509 (1951).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Elterman, J. Geophys Res. 58, 519 (1953).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. A. Reagan, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-20, 229 (1982).
  5. J. A. Reagan, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-20, 236 (1982).
  6. K. Parameswaran, K. O. Rose, B. V. Krishna Murthy, J. Geophys Res. 89, 2541 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. C. S. Devara, P. Ernest Raj, J. Aerosol Sci. 20, 37 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. M. Welsh, C. S. Gardner, Appl. Opt. 28, 82 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (2)

P. C. S. Devara, P. Ernest Raj, J. Aerosol Sci. 20, 37 (1989).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Welsh, C. S. Gardner, Appl. Opt. 28, 82 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

K. Parameswaran, K. O. Rose, B. V. Krishna Murthy, J. Geophys Res. 89, 2541 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

J. A. Reagan, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-20, 229 (1982).

J. A. Reagan, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-20, 236 (1982).

1963 (1)

G. Fiocco, L. D. Smullin, Nature (London) 199, 1275 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1953 (1)

L. Elterman, J. Geophys Res. 58, 519 (1953).
[CrossRef]

1951 (1)

L. Elterman, J. Geophys Res. 56, 509 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Byrne, D. M.

J. A. Reagan, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-20, 236 (1982).

J. A. Reagan, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-20, 229 (1982).

Devara, P. C. S.

P. C. S. Devara, P. Ernest Raj, J. Aerosol Sci. 20, 37 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Elterman, L.

L. Elterman, J. Geophys Res. 58, 519 (1953).
[CrossRef]

L. Elterman, J. Geophys Res. 56, 509 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Ernest Raj, P.

P. C. S. Devara, P. Ernest Raj, J. Aerosol Sci. 20, 37 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fiocco, G.

G. Fiocco, L. D. Smullin, Nature (London) 199, 1275 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, C. S.

Herman, B. M.

J. A. Reagan, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-20, 229 (1982).

J. A. Reagan, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-20, 236 (1982).

Krishna Murthy, B. V.

K. Parameswaran, K. O. Rose, B. V. Krishna Murthy, J. Geophys Res. 89, 2541 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Parameswaran, K.

K. Parameswaran, K. O. Rose, B. V. Krishna Murthy, J. Geophys Res. 89, 2541 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Reagan, J. A.

J. A. Reagan, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-20, 229 (1982).

J. A. Reagan, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-20, 236 (1982).

Rose, K. O.

K. Parameswaran, K. O. Rose, B. V. Krishna Murthy, J. Geophys Res. 89, 2541 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Smullin, L. D.

G. Fiocco, L. D. Smullin, Nature (London) 199, 1275 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Welsh, B. M.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. (2)

J. A. Reagan, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-20, 229 (1982).

J. A. Reagan, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-20, 236 (1982).

J. Aerosol Sci (1)

P. C. S. Devara, P. Ernest Raj, J. Aerosol Sci. 20, 37 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys Res. (3)

K. Parameswaran, K. O. Rose, B. V. Krishna Murthy, J. Geophys Res. 89, 2541 (1984).
[CrossRef]

L. Elterman, J. Geophys Res. 56, 509 (1951).
[CrossRef]

L. Elterman, J. Geophys Res. 58, 519 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

G. Fiocco, L. D. Smullin, Nature (London) 199, 1275 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the bistatic imaging lidar.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Image of the laser beam trajectory taken by the bistatic imaging lidar: (a) backscattered signal and background noise, (b) background noise.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Nighttime variation of the vertical profile of the lower atmosphere at ground surface level extracted from the received photoelectron number (December 22–23, 1994). Baseline, 5 m; elevation angle of the CCD camera, 83 deg; laser output, 9 mJ, 10 pulses/s; accumulating time, 30 s.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P r = P t K A T t T r β ( z , θ ) L d α ,
z = L tan α ,             d z = L cos 2 α d α .

Metrics