Abstract

Tropospheric temperature profiles have been measured at daytime with a rotational Raman lidar. The lidar operates in the solar-blind spectral region with KrF laser radiation that is Raman shifted in hydrogen to 276.787 nm. This wavelength corresponds to the resonance absorption of a thallium atomic-vapor filter that is used to suppress the large elastic-backscatter signal. The rotational Raman signal is analyzed with an echelle grating spectrometer that separates spectral regions with different temperature sensitivities in both the Stokes and the anti-Stokes Raman spectra. Simultaneously, profiles of water vapor and ozone can be determined by means of vibrational Raman backscattering.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Barr Associates, Inc., Westford, Mass., technical information, “Ultraviolet bandpass filters.”
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

1993 (3)

D. Nedeljkovic, A. Hauchecorne, M. L. Chanin, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 31, 90 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Vaughan, D. P. Wareing, S. J. Pepler, L. Thomas, V. Mitev, Appl. Opt. 32, 2758 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. A. Theopold, J. Bösenberg, Atmos. J. Oceanic Tech. 10, 165 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1987 (1)

G. K. Schwemmer, M. Dombrowski, C. L. Korb, J. Milrod, H. Walden, R. H. Kagann, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2226 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1980 (1)

A. Hauchecorne, M. L. Chanin, Geophys. Res. Lett. 7, 565 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez, R. J.

Bösenberg, J.

F. A. Theopold, J. Bösenberg, Atmos. J. Oceanic Tech. 10, 165 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Caldwell, L. M.

Chanin, M. L.

D. Nedeljkovic, A. Hauchecorne, M. L. Chanin, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 31, 90 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Hauchecorne, M. L. Chanin, Geophys. Res. Lett. 7, 565 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Dombrowski, M.

G. K. Schwemmer, M. Dombrowski, C. L. Korb, J. Milrod, H. Walden, R. H. Kagann, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2226 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Eloranta, E. W.

Hauchecorne, A.

D. Nedeljkovic, A. Hauchecorne, M. L. Chanin, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 31, 90 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Hauchecorne, M. L. Chanin, Geophys. Res. Lett. 7, 565 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kagann, R. H.

G. K. Schwemmer, M. Dombrowski, C. L. Korb, J. Milrod, H. Walden, R. H. Kagann, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2226 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kobuchi, M.

Korb, C. L.

G. K. Schwemmer, M. Dombrowski, C. L. Korb, J. Milrod, H. Walden, R. H. Kagann, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2226 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Krueger, D. A.

Lahmann, W.

Luckow, F.

Maeda, M.

Michaelis, W.

F. Luckow, E. Voss, J. Zeyn, W. Lahmann, C. Weitkamp, W. Michaelis, Opt. Lett. 19, 1049 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. A. Theopold, C. Weitkamp, W. Michaelis, in Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Laser Radar Conference, NASA Conf. Publ.3158, 671 (1992).

Milrod, J.

G. K. Schwemmer, M. Dombrowski, C. L. Korb, J. Milrod, H. Walden, R. H. Kagann, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2226 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Mitev, V.

Nedeljkovic, D.

D. Nedeljkovic, A. Hauchecorne, M. L. Chanin, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 31, 90 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pepler, S. J.

Piironen, P.

Schwemmer, G. K.

G. K. Schwemmer, M. Dombrowski, C. L. Korb, J. Milrod, H. Walden, R. H. Kagann, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2226 (1987).
[CrossRef]

She, C. Y.

Shibata, T.

Theopold, F. A.

F. A. Theopold, J. Bösenberg, Atmos. J. Oceanic Tech. 10, 165 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. A. Theopold, C. Weitkamp, W. Michaelis, in Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Laser Radar Conference, NASA Conf. Publ.3158, 671 (1992).

Thomas, L.

Vaughan, G.

Voss, E.

Walden, H.

G. K. Schwemmer, M. Dombrowski, C. L. Korb, J. Milrod, H. Walden, R. H. Kagann, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2226 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wareing, D. P.

Weitkamp, C.

F. Luckow, E. Voss, J. Zeyn, W. Lahmann, C. Weitkamp, W. Michaelis, Opt. Lett. 19, 1049 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. A. Theopold, C. Weitkamp, W. Michaelis, in Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Laser Radar Conference, NASA Conf. Publ.3158, 671 (1992).

Zeyn, J.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Atmos. J. Oceanic Tech. (1)

F. A. Theopold, J. Bösenberg, Atmos. J. Oceanic Tech. 10, 165 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (1)

A. Hauchecorne, M. L. Chanin, Geophys. Res. Lett. 7, 565 (1980).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing (1)

D. Nedeljkovic, A. Hauchecorne, M. L. Chanin, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 31, 90 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

G. K. Schwemmer, M. Dombrowski, C. L. Korb, J. Milrod, H. Walden, R. H. Kagann, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2226 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

F. A. Theopold, C. Weitkamp, W. Michaelis, in Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Laser Radar Conference, NASA Conf. Publ.3158, 671 (1992).

Barr Associates, Inc., Westford, Mass., technical information, “Ultraviolet bandpass filters.”

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Daytime-temperature lidar: (a) block diagram, (b) echelle grating spectrometer, (c) filter polychromator. PC, personal computer; A’s, apertures; BS’s, beam splitters; E, echelle grating; IF’s, interference filters; OAM’s, off-axis mirrors; PM’s, photomultiplier tubes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Elastic-backscatter signal and rotational Raman signal of the low-temperature-sensitivity channels B and D.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Moisture profile measured with lidar and radiosonde.

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