Abstract

An external-cavity 1560-nm diode laser was frequency doubled in a 3-cm-long periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguide doubler with 120% W−1 conversion efficiency. The 780-nm light was used to detect the D2 transitions of Rb, and the laser frequency was locked to Doppler-broadened lines of Rb. Furthermore, the ~1 μW of second-harmonic power was sufficient for detecting the sub-Doppler lines of Rb, and the laser was locked to a 87Rb crossover line.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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1994 (2)

M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, M. Tetu, M. Breton, Opt. Lett. 19, 1183 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Wang, A. M. Akulshin, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 95 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (4)

D. J. E. Knight, K. I. Pharaoh, G. P. Barwood, D. A. Humphreys, Proc. SPIE 1837, 115 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Bertinetto, P. Gambini, R. Lano, M. Puleo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 472 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 18, 1757 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Nez, F. Biraben, R. Felder, Y. Millerioux, Opt. Commun. 102, 432 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

Y. Sakai, S. Sudo, T. Ikegami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 75 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Boucher, M. Breton, N. Cyr, M. Tetu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 327 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

1990 (1)

Y. C. Chung, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 869 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

M. Ohtsu, E. Ikegami, Electron. Lett. 25, 22 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Blombergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).

Akulshin, A. M.

W. Wang, A. M. Akulshin, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 95 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Blombergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).

Awaji, Y.

Barwood, G. P.

D. J. E. Knight, K. I. Pharaoh, G. P. Barwood, D. A. Humphreys, Proc. SPIE 1837, 115 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Appl. Phys. B 53, 142 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bertinetto, F.

F. Bertinetto, P. Gambini, R. Lano, M. Puleo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 472 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Biraben, F.

F. Nez, F. Biraben, R. Felder, Y. Millerioux, Opt. Commun. 102, 432 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Blombergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Blombergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).

Bortz, M. L.

Bosenberg, W. R.

Boucher, R.

R. Boucher, M. Breton, N. Cyr, M. Tetu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 327 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Breton, M.

M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, M. Tetu, M. Breton, Opt. Lett. 19, 1183 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Boucher, M. Breton, N. Cyr, M. Tetu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 327 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Chung, Y. C.

Y. C. Chung, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 869 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cyr, N.

R. Boucher, M. Breton, N. Cyr, M. Tetu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 327 (1992).
[CrossRef]

de Labachelerie, M.

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Blombergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).

Eckardt, R. C.

Fejer, M. M.

Felder, R.

F. Nez, F. Biraben, R. Felder, Y. Millerioux, Opt. Commun. 102, 432 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gambini, P.

F. Bertinetto, P. Gambini, R. Lano, M. Puleo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 472 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gill, P.

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Appl. Phys. B 53, 142 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Humphreys, D. A.

D. J. E. Knight, K. I. Pharaoh, G. P. Barwood, D. A. Humphreys, Proc. SPIE 1837, 115 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ikegami, E.

M. Ohtsu, E. Ikegami, Electron. Lett. 25, 22 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ikegami, T.

Y. Sakai, S. Sudo, T. Ikegami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 75 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Knight, D. J. E.

D. J. E. Knight, K. I. Pharaoh, G. P. Barwood, D. A. Humphreys, Proc. SPIE 1837, 115 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lano, R.

F. Bertinetto, P. Gambini, R. Lano, M. Puleo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 472 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Latrasse, C.

Millerioux, Y.

F. Nez, F. Biraben, R. Felder, Y. Millerioux, Opt. Commun. 102, 432 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Myers, L. E.

Nakagawa, K.

Nez, F.

F. Nez, F. Biraben, R. Felder, Y. Millerioux, Opt. Commun. 102, 432 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

M. de Labachelerie, K. Nakagawa, Y. Awaji, M. Ohtsu, Opt. Lett. 20, 572 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, A. M. Akulshin, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 95 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohtsu, E. Ikegami, Electron. Lett. 25, 22 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Blombergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).

Pharaoh, K. I.

D. J. E. Knight, K. I. Pharaoh, G. P. Barwood, D. A. Humphreys, Proc. SPIE 1837, 115 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, J. W.

Poulin, M.

Puleo, M.

F. Bertinetto, P. Gambini, R. Lano, M. Puleo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 472 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rowley, W. R. C.

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Appl. Phys. B 53, 142 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Saito, S.

T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, Y.

Y. Sakai, S. Sudo, T. Ikegami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 75 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sudo, S.

Y. Sakai, S. Sudo, T. Ikegami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 75 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tetu, M.

M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, M. Tetu, M. Breton, Opt. Lett. 19, 1183 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Boucher, M. Breton, N. Cyr, M. Tetu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 327 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

W. Wang, A. M. Akulshin, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 95 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yanagawa, T.

T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Appl. Phys. B 53, 142 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Ohtsu, E. Ikegami, Electron. Lett. 25, 22 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Sakai, S. Sudo, T. Ikegami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 75 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

F. Bertinetto, P. Gambini, R. Lano, M. Puleo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 472 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Boucher, M. Breton, N. Cyr, M. Tetu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 327 (1992).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, A. M. Akulshin, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 95 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Y. C. Chung, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 869 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. Nez, F. Biraben, R. Felder, Y. Millerioux, Opt. Commun. 102, 432 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Blombergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. J. E. Knight, K. I. Pharaoh, G. P. Barwood, D. A. Humphreys, Proc. SPIE 1837, 115 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setups for locking the external cavity laser to Rb lines, (a) Doppler-broadened lines: PD1, PD2, photodetectors. (b) Sub-Doppler lines: PD, photodetector; PBS, polarizing beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured power level of PD1 (upper) and PD2 (lower) as the laser is scanned through the Rb lines. (b) Normalized Rb cell transmission, (c) Error signal for locking to Doppler-broadened lines. Lock-in time constant, 1 ms.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Sub-Doppler spectrum of line 87B. Lock-in time constant, 100 ms.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Error signal of the laser frequency while the laser is free funning and while it is locked.

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