Abstract

We present a study of vector phase conjugation based on degenerate four-wave mixing in inverted Nd:YAG. The results demonstrate polarization correction for weak probe strength, with near-unity fidelity for polarization compensation of the returning conjugate. As the probe strength is increased, the fidelity of the polarization state of the conjugate is seen to deteriorate to an average value of 92% when the probe is strongly saturating and is several times stronger than the pump beams. We also show that, for strong probe strengths, an individual transmission grating or reflection grating is more efficient than when both gratings are present.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1992), p. 254.
  2. B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. V. Shkunov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 379 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. Ya. Zel’dovich, T. V. Yakovleva, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 501 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992), p. 393.
  5. D. A. Rockwell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. F. Andreev, E. A. Khazanov, G. A. Pasmanik, J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Ducloy, D. Bloch, Phys. Rev. A 30, 3107 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. S. Malcuit, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, Opt. Lett. 13, 663 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978).
  10. I. McMichael, P. Yeh, P. Beckwith, Opt. Lett. 12, 507 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. Martin, L. K. Lam, R. W. Hellwarth, Opt. Lett. 5, 185 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. J. Miller, M. S. Malcuit, R. W. Boyd, Opt. Lett. 15, 1188 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Tomita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 463 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. J. Crofts, R. P. M. Green, M. J. Damzen, Opt. Lett. 17, 920 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. P. M. Green, G. J. Crofts, M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 102, 288 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. S. Syed, G. J. Crofts, M. J. Damzen, “Transient analysis of four-grating copolarized four-wave mixing in saturable gain media with finite probe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

1993

R. P. M. Green, G. J. Crofts, M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 102, 288 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

N. F. Andreev, E. A. Khazanov, G. A. Pasmanik, J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Crofts, R. P. M. Green, M. J. Damzen, Opt. Lett. 17, 920 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990

1988

1987

1984

M. Ducloy, D. Bloch, Phys. Rev. A 30, 3107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1980

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, T. V. Yakovleva, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 501 (1980).
[CrossRef]

G. Martin, L. K. Lam, R. W. Hellwarth, Opt. Lett. 5, 185 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979

A. Tomita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 463 (1979).
[CrossRef]

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. V. Shkunov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978).

Andreev, N. F.

N. F. Andreev, E. A. Khazanov, G. A. Pasmanik, J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Basov, N. G.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978).

Beckwith, P.

Bloch, D.

M. Ducloy, D. Bloch, Phys. Rev. A 30, 3107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

Crofts, G. J.

R. P. M. Green, G. J. Crofts, M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 102, 288 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Crofts, R. P. M. Green, M. J. Damzen, Opt. Lett. 17, 920 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Syed, G. J. Crofts, M. J. Damzen, “Transient analysis of four-grating copolarized four-wave mixing in saturable gain media with finite probe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Damzen, M. J.

R. P. M. Green, G. J. Crofts, M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 102, 288 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Crofts, R. P. M. Green, M. J. Damzen, Opt. Lett. 17, 920 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Syed, G. J. Crofts, M. J. Damzen, “Transient analysis of four-grating copolarized four-wave mixing in saturable gain media with finite probe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Ducloy, M.

M. Ducloy, D. Bloch, Phys. Rev. A 30, 3107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Efimkov, V. F.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978).

Gauthier, D. J.

Green, R. P. M.

R. P. M. Green, G. J. Crofts, M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 102, 288 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Crofts, R. P. M. Green, M. J. Damzen, Opt. Lett. 17, 920 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hellwarth, R. W.

Khazanov, E. A.

N. F. Andreev, E. A. Khazanov, G. A. Pasmanik, J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992), p. 393.

Kotov, A. V.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978).

Lam, L. K.

Malcuit, M. S.

Martin, G.

McMichael, I.

Mikhailov, S. I.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978).

Miller, E. J.

Pasmanik, G. A.

N. F. Andreev, E. A. Khazanov, G. A. Pasmanik, J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rockwell, D. A.

D. A. Rockwell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shkunov, V. V.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. V. Shkunov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, M. G.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978).

Syed, K. S.

K. S. Syed, G. J. Crofts, M. J. Damzen, “Transient analysis of four-grating copolarized four-wave mixing in saturable gain media with finite probe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Tomita, A.

A. Tomita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 463 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ya. Zel’dovich, B.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, T. V. Yakovleva, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 501 (1980).
[CrossRef]

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. V. Shkunov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Yakovleva, T. V.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, T. V. Yakovleva, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 501 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

Zubarev, I. G.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Tomita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 463 (1979).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. A. Rockwell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Quantum Electron.

N. F. Andreev, E. A. Khazanov, G. A. Pasmanik, J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330 (1992).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978).

Opt. Commun.

R. P. M. Green, G. J. Crofts, M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 102, 288 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

M. Ducloy, D. Bloch, Phys. Rev. A 30, 3107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. V. Shkunov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, T. V. Yakovleva, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 501 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992), p. 393.

K. S. Syed, G. J. Crofts, M. J. Damzen, “Transient analysis of four-grating copolarized four-wave mixing in saturable gain media with finite probe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1992), p. 254.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup showing the four-wave mixing interaction (E1, E2, and E3) in the Nd:YAG rod and the conjugate (E4) separated into its two polarization components. BS, beam splitter; PBC, polarizing beam cube; WP, wave plate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

VPC reflectivity of the returning radiation (Rp, filled squares) and the reflectivity of the depolarized component (Rs, open circles) plotted against the quarter-wave plate angle for (a) a weak probe (U3 = 0.1 mJ/cm2) and (b) a strong probe (U3 = 280 mJ/cm2). The dashed line on both graphs is the corresponding reflectivity when a half-wave plate (λ/2) is placed in the probe arm. Tr and Re, respectively, refer to the points where either only the transmission grating or only the reflection grating is formed.

Equations (1)

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F = R p / ( R p + R s ) .

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