Abstract

We present a novel and simple magneto-optical trap in pyramidal and in conical hollow mirrors, using a single beam. A diode laser having modulation sidebands at microwaves is used for cooling, trapping, and repumping of rubidium atoms in a vapor cell. When the laser is circularly polarized and sent into the hollow region, three pairs of counterpropagating beams are automatically produced therein that have the same polarization configuration as that of a conventional six-beam magneto-optical trap. The fluorescence by the trapped atoms and its mirror image are observed simultaneously. This system may be useful for atom-manipulation applications such as gravitational atom traps and atom waveguides.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pitchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. W. R. Tabosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. E. Wieman, G. Flowers, S. Gilbert, Am. J. Phys. 63, 317 (1995); K. Lindquist, M. Stephens, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. A 46, 4082 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. J. Myatt, N. R. Newbery, C. E. Wieman, Opt. Lett. 18, 649 (1993); P. Feng, T. Walker, Am. J. Phys. 63, 905 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. R. Noh, J. O. Kim, D. S. Nam, W. Jhe, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 1431 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. R. Lide ed., Handbood of Chemistry and Physics, 74th ed. (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1994), Chap. 12.
  9. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 5th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1975).
  10. V. I. Balykin, A. I. Sidorov, Appl. Phys. B 42, 51 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Jhe, M. Ohtsu, H. Hori, S. R. Friberg, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, L1680 (1994); H. Ito, K. Sakati, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, M. Ohtsu, Opt. Commun. 115, 57 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Söding, R. Grimm, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, Opt. Commun. 119, 652 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. P. Dowling, J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3997 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996

H. R. Noh, J. O. Kim, D. S. Nam, W. Jhe, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 1431 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Wieman, G. Flowers, S. Gilbert, Am. J. Phys. 63, 317 (1995); K. Lindquist, M. Stephens, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. A 46, 4082 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Söding, R. Grimm, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, Opt. Commun. 119, 652 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Dowling, J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3997 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

W. Jhe, M. Ohtsu, H. Hori, S. R. Friberg, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, L1680 (1994); H. Ito, K. Sakati, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, M. Ohtsu, Opt. Commun. 115, 57 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

1991

J. W. R. Tabosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pitchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. I. Balykin, A. I. Sidorov, Appl. Phys. B 42, 51 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, D. Z.

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, M. H.

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balykin, V. I.

V. I. Balykin, A. I. Sidorov, Appl. Phys. B 42, 51 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 5th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1975).

Cable, A.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pitchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, G.

J. W. R. Tabosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chu, S.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pitchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cornell, E. A.

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dowling, J. P.

J. P. Dowling, J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3997 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ensher, J. R.

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flowers, G.

C. E. Wieman, G. Flowers, S. Gilbert, Am. J. Phys. 63, 317 (1995); K. Lindquist, M. Stephens, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. A 46, 4082 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Friberg, S. R.

W. Jhe, M. Ohtsu, H. Hori, S. R. Friberg, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, L1680 (1994); H. Ito, K. Sakati, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, M. Ohtsu, Opt. Commun. 115, 57 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gea-Banacloche, J.

J. P. Dowling, J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3997 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gilbert, S.

C. E. Wieman, G. Flowers, S. Gilbert, Am. J. Phys. 63, 317 (1995); K. Lindquist, M. Stephens, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. A 46, 4082 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grimm, R.

J. Söding, R. Grimm, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, Opt. Commun. 119, 652 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hori, H.

W. Jhe, M. Ohtsu, H. Hori, S. R. Friberg, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, L1680 (1994); H. Ito, K. Sakati, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, M. Ohtsu, Opt. Commun. 115, 57 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z.

J. W. R. Tabosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jhe, W.

H. R. Noh, J. O. Kim, D. S. Nam, W. Jhe, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 1431 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. Jhe, M. Ohtsu, H. Hori, S. R. Friberg, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, L1680 (1994); H. Ito, K. Sakati, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, M. Ohtsu, Opt. Commun. 115, 57 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. O.

H. R. Noh, J. O. Kim, D. S. Nam, W. Jhe, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 1431 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

J. W. R. Tabosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, R. B.

J. W. R. Tabosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matthews, M. R.

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monroe, C.

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Montgomery, D.

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Myatt, C. J.

Nam, D. S.

H. R. Noh, J. O. Kim, D. S. Nam, W. Jhe, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 1431 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Newbery, N. R.

Noh, H. R.

H. R. Noh, J. O. Kim, D. S. Nam, W. Jhe, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 1431 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

W. Jhe, M. Ohtsu, H. Hori, S. R. Friberg, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, L1680 (1994); H. Ito, K. Sakati, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, M. Ohtsu, Opt. Commun. 115, 57 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ovchinnikov, Yu. B.

J. Söding, R. Grimm, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, Opt. Commun. 119, 652 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pitchard, D.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pitchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prentiss, M.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pitchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raab, E. L.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pitchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Renn, M. J.

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robinson, H.

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sidorov, A. I.

V. I. Balykin, A. I. Sidorov, Appl. Phys. B 42, 51 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Söding, J.

J. Söding, R. Grimm, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, Opt. Commun. 119, 652 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Swann, W.

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tabosa, J. W. R.

J. W. R. Tabosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vdovin, O.

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wieman, C.

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wieman, C. E.

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Wieman, G. Flowers, S. Gilbert, Am. J. Phys. 63, 317 (1995); K. Lindquist, M. Stephens, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. A 46, 4082 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Myatt, N. R. Newbery, C. E. Wieman, Opt. Lett. 18, 649 (1993); P. Feng, T. Walker, Am. J. Phys. 63, 905 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 5th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1975).

Am. J. Phys.

C. E. Wieman, G. Flowers, S. Gilbert, Am. J. Phys. 63, 317 (1995); K. Lindquist, M. Stephens, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. A 46, 4082 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B

V. I. Balykin, A. I. Sidorov, Appl. Phys. B 42, 51 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

W. Jhe, M. Ohtsu, H. Hori, S. R. Friberg, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, L1680 (1994); H. Ito, K. Sakati, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, M. Ohtsu, Opt. Commun. 115, 57 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

J. Söding, R. Grimm, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, Opt. Commun. 119, 652 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

J. P. Dowling, J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3997 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pitchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. R. Tabosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

H. R. Noh, J. O. Kim, D. S. Nam, W. Jhe, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 1431 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Science

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, Science 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

D. R. Lide ed., Handbood of Chemistry and Physics, 74th ed. (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1994), Chap. 12.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 5th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1975).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Polarization configurations for a conventional six-beam MOT having three pairs of counterpropagating beams, (b) Polarization configurations in a pyramidal (or conical) hollow mirror, when a single circularly polarized light beam is incident. Note that laser configurations similar to those in (a) are automatically produced in our novel system so that atoms can be trapped.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup. A single diode laser, which is frequency stabilized and frequency modulated at 2.91 GHz, is used to trap 85Rb atoms. The pyramidal or conical mirror is placed inside a glass-cell vacuum chamber, and a movable anti-Helmholtz coil is used for trapping.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fluorescence by the trapped 85Rb atoms in the pyramidal hollow mirror trap is shown as a bright spot on the right-hand side of the photograph and is indicated by the arrow in the schematic. The bright spot on the left-hand side is its mirror image resulting from the reflection of the atom fluorescence by the rear mirror.

Metrics